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  1. Welcome Unit 1 A Trip to Beijing 河北省唐山市 费学会

  2. Lesson 1May I go to Beijing? Text Explanation Think about it New words

  3. New words • may v. aux. 可以 • go v. (went, gone) 去 • go shopping 去购物 • to prep. 到…… • mom n. 妈妈 • on prep. 在;在……上 • trip n. 旅行 • but conj. 但是 • the art. 这个,那个 • city n. 城市 • of prep. ……的;属于…… • too adv. 也 • and conj. 太;也

  4. V • busy adj. 和; 又 • please int. 请 • far adj;adv. 远的 • from prep. 从;从……起 • only adv. 仅仅, 只 • kilometre n. 千米 • hard adv. 努力地 • great adj. 好极了

  5. square n. 广场 • eat v. 吃 • restaurant n. 餐馆 • ask v. 问 • question n. 问题 • sorry adj. 对不起 • live v. 居住 • so adv. 非常

  6. Think about it • What direction is Beijing from your hometown? • Where do you want to go? Why? • What does Li Ming want to do in Beijing?

  7. Dialogue • L: Mum, may I go on a trip to Beijing? • M: To Beijing? I don’t know, Li Ming • L: But it’s the capital city of our country! • M: You’re too young to go, Li Ming. And you are too busy at school. • L: No, I’m not. You can go, too. Please, Mum? • M: But Beijing is far from our city. • L: Mum! It’s only two hundred seventy-eight kilometers from Shijiazhuang to Beijing! • M: Okay, Li Ming! You are a good boy, and you work hard in school. You may go. I will go, too.

  8. L: Great! And…Mum? May I go to Tianmen Square? • M: Yes, Li Ming, you may. • L: May I go shopping? • M: Yes, Li Ming, you may. • L: May I eat in restaurants? • M: Yes, you may. • L: May I go to a hotel? • M: Yes you may. You ask too many questions, Li Ming. • L: sorry, mum. May I live in Beijing? Beijing is so great! • M: NO, Li Ming, you may not!

  9. May I go on a trip to Beijing?我可以去北京旅行吗? • 1) 句中 may 是情态动词。表示允许或征询对方的许可,其否定形式可以是 may not ,也可以是 must not /mustn’t;但表示禁止时常用 must not/mustn’t。例如: • May I help you?要我帮忙吗? • May I come in, please?请问, 我可以进来吗? • —May I go to the cinema?我可以去看电影吗? • —Yes, you may. / Not, you mustn’t. 是的,你可以去。/ 不,你不可以去。 • 注意:表示客气请求或征询意见时,也可用Can I/Could I/Could you…?句型来表达。例如: • Can I help you?要我帮忙吗? • Could you help me, please? 你能帮我一下吗? • 2)句中 trip 是名词,意为 “旅行”。a trip to Shanghai 上海之行,go on a trip to ……到……的旅行。例如: • May we go on a trip to Canada?我们可以去加拿大旅行吗? • My father will go on a trip to Wuhan. 我爸爸要去武汉旅行。 • I wish you a good trip. 祝你旅行愉快。

  10. But it’s the capital city of our country. 但是它是我国的首都。 • 1)句中 but 是连词,意为 “但是”。它是个表示转折意义的并列连词。例如: • I like apples but my mother doesn’t. 我爱吃苹果,但我妈妈不爱吃。 • The box is large but light. 这个盒子大,但很轻。 • Playing basketball is difficult but interesting. 打篮球很难,但很有趣。 • 2)句中 city 是名词,意思是 “城市”。“the city of+表示地点的名词” 相当于 “表示地点的名词+city”。例如: • Beijing city=the city of Beijing 北京市 • Tianjin city=the city of Tianjin 天津市

  11. 1)You’re too young to go. 你太小还不能去。 • 句中 too 是副词,意思是 “太”。too…to…表示否定的含义,意为 “太……而不能……”,其中 too 之后接形容词或副词,to 之后接动词原形,构成不定式短语。例如: • It’s too hot today. 今天太热了。 • This shirt is too small for me. 这件衬衫我穿太小了。 • The boy is too young to go to school. 这个男孩太小还不能去上学。 • Ann speaks too fast to understand. 安讲得太快,(别人)听不懂。 • 2)You can go,too. 你也去。 • 着句话中的 too 也是副词,意思是 “也”。用于肯定句,置于句尾。例如: • I’m fine, too. 我也很好。 • You can go on a trip to Beijing, too. 你也可以去北京旅行。

  12. But Beijing is far from our city. 但是北京离我们市太远了。 • 句中 far from 意为 “离……远”。 例如: • The school is far from here. 学校离这儿很远。

  13. It’s only two hundred seventy-eight kilometers from Shijiazhuang to Beijing. 从石家庄到北京只有二百七十八公里。 • 句中 only 是副词,意为 “仅;只”。only 在句中的位置不同,它所修饰的成分就不同,句意也就不同。例如: • Only I go to school with Tom on Monday. 星期一,只有我和汤姆一起去上学。(没有别人和汤姆一起) • I only go to school with Tom on Monday. 星期一,我只是和汤姆一起去上学。(“我们”没有一起做其他的事) • I go to school with Tom only on Monday. 我只有星期一和汤姆一起去上学。(其他时候“我”不和汤姆一起去上学) • 2)句中 from…to… 意为 “从……到……”, 既可以加表示时间概念的词,又可以加表示空间概念的词。例如: • from ten to eleven 从十点到十一点 • This letter is from Jenny to her teacher. 这封信是詹妮寄给她的老师的。 • It’s very far from Shijiazhuang to Shenzhen. 从石家庄到深圳很远。

  14. go shopping 去购物。同义短语:do some/the shopping 或 buy sth in a shop。例如: • go shopping everyday 每天去店铺买东西。 • I often go shopping on Sunday. 我经常在周日去购物。 • 拓展:go+v.-ing 意为 “去做某事”。go swimming 去游泳,go skating 去滑冰,go boating 去划船,go fishing 去钓鱼。

  15. You are a good boy, and you work hard in school. 你是个好孩子,并且你在学校学习很用功。 • 句中 hard 是副词,意为“努力地”。另外 hard 也可以作形容词意为“硬的, 坚固的”、“困难的,费力的”、“辛苦的,艰难的”。例如: • work hard 努力工作 • hard work 很累人的工作 • The ice is not hard enough to skate on. 这块冰不够结实,不能在上面划。 • These questions are too hard. 这些问题太难了。 • Thank you for your hard work. 感谢诸位的辛苦工作。

  16. Great!太好了!great 是形容词(用于口语)好极了;非常愉快的。表示赞同、赞扬或兴奋的感情。例如: • That’s great!太好了! • great 还有 “巨大的;伟大的” 之意。 例如:a great man 伟人;the Great Wall 长城

  17. May I eat in restaurant? 我可以在饭店吃饭吗? • eat 是动词 “吃”。可作及物动词,表示具体吃某东西。例如: • eat bread 吃面包 • They eat much chicken. 他们吃很多鸡肉。

  18. Lesson 2 May I invite Danny and Jenny?

  19. New words • invite v. 邀请 • want v. 想要 • come v. 来 • them prep. 他/她们 • call v. 打电话 • hello int. 你好 • with prep. 和;用 • who pron. 谁 • wonderful adj. 极好的 • when adv. 什么时候 • leave v. 离开 • for prep. 为了 • arrive v. 到达 • invitation n. 邀请

  20. Think about it • Do you want to go to Beijing? • Who do you want to take with you? Why? • Who does Li Ming want to take to Beijing?

  21. Dialogue • L: I want Danny and Jenny to come to China. I want them to come on our trip to Beijing. May I invite them. Mum? • M: I don’t know, Li Ming. They live in Canada. Canada is far from China. • L: Please, Mum? Please talk to Mrs. Smith. • M: Okay, Li Ming. • (Mr. Li calls Mrs. Smith on the telephone.) • MS: Hello? • ML: Hello. May I speak with Mrs. Smith, please?

  22. MS: Yes, this is Mrs. Smith. Who’s that? • ML: This is Mrs. Li. Li Ming wants to invite Danny and Jenny to China. We are going on a trip to Beijing. Can they come? • MS: Yes, Jenny can come. And I can talk to Danny’s mother. • ML: That’s wonderful! • MS: When do you leave for Beijing? • ML: We leave on February 1st in the morning. • MS: When do you arrive in Beijing? • ML: In the afternoon on February 1st. • MS: Okay! Thanks for the invitation .Good-bye!

  23. I want to Danny and Jenny to come to China. 我想让丹尼和詹妮来中国。句中 want sb. to sth. 意为 “想让某人做某事”。例如: • I want Jeff to go on a picnic with me tomorrow. 我想要杰夫明天和我一起去野餐。 • I want Tom to take these books to the classroom.我想要汤姆把这些书拿到教室里去。 • 注意:如果要表达想做某事或想要某物可以用 want to do sth. 或 want sth. • 例如; • I want to go shopping now. 我想现在去购物。 • I want some milk and bread. 我想来点牛奶和面包。

  24. May I invite them?我可以邀请他们吗? • 句中 invite 是动词,意为 “邀请”。与 invite 相关的短语如下: • 1)invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事。 例如: • Mom, may I invite a friend to dinner this evening? 妈妈,我今晚可以请一个朋友来吃饭吗? • I should invite them to join us. 我应该邀请他们加入我们。 • 2)invite sb. to sp. 邀请某人到某地。例如: • I want to invite Susan to my house tonight. 我今晚想邀请苏珊到我家里来。

  25. Yes,this is Mrs. Smith. Who’s that?是的,我是史密斯太太。你是谁?This is…句型常用于大电话中,表示 “我是……”。如果表示“你是……吗” 则用 “Is that…?”。表示 “你是谁?”要用 “Who is that?”而不用 “Who are you?”例如: • —Hello! This is Danny speaking. Who is that? • —Hello! This is Tom.

  26. We are going on a trip to Beijing. 我们要去北京旅行。 • 此句是用进行时态表示将来时。英语中一些表示位置转移的词可以这样用。如,come,go,leave,start,arrive,fly,move等词。例如: • They are arriving tomorrow morning. 他们明天上午到达。 • She is moving to the city next week. 下周他们要搬到那个城市去了。

  27. That’s wonderful,Mrs. Smith. 真是太好了。 • wonderful 是形容词,意为 “棒极了”,用于口语。例如: • It’s a wonderful book. 这本书太棒了。 • It is wonderful to see you again. 又见到你真是太棒了。

  28. When do you leave for Beijing?你们什么时候动身去北京? • 此句中 leave 是动词,意为 “离开”。例如: • When does the next bus leave?下一趟公共汽车什么时候发车? • 与 leave 相关的短语如下: • 1)“leave+地点” 表示 “离开某地”。如: • When did you leave Changchun?你是什么时候离开长春的? • 2)“leave for+地点” 表示 “离开去某地”。如: • The children left for school. 孩子们上学去了。 • 3)“leave +地点+for+地点” 表示 “离开某地去某地”。如: • We are leaving Tianjin for Beijing tomorrow. 我们明天要离开天津去北京。

  29. We leave on February 1st in the morning. 我们二月一号早上动身。 • 1)句中1st=first 表示第一。例如: • Sunday is the first day of a week. 周日是一周中的第一天。 • He stands first in his class. 他在班上名列第一。 • 2)句中 on 是介词表示时间。另外,表示时间的介词还有 in 和at。三个词的区别如下: • in 后面接年、月、季节、世纪、朝代等。也可泛指一天的上午、下午、傍晚等。相对于其他两个词来说,in 表示的时间范围较大。 • on 具体到日期。用于 morning,afternoon,evening,night,day 前有修饰语或有 of 引起的后置修饰语时。 • at 在三个词中范围最小。可用于钟点前。例如: • I was born in 1972. 我出生于1972年。 • Trees turn green in spring. 树木在春天变绿。 • I was born on March eleventh 1972. 我出生于1972年3月11日。 • He left here on a cold afternoon. 他在一个寒冷的下午离开了。 • I get up at 6 every morning. 我每天早晨6点钟起床。

  30. When do you arrive in Beijing?你们什么时候到北京? • arrive 为不及物动词,意为 “到达” 相当于 get to。后接名词或代词时要加介词 in 或 at 。arrive in 指的是大地点;arrive at 指的是小地点。例如: • When will Jim arrive in Shanghai?吉姆什么时候到达上海? • We arrived at the station in hot haste. 我们急急忙忙赶到火车站。 • 比较:get 为不及物动词,后接名词或代词时要加介词to。 • reach 为己物动词,后面可直接跟表示地点的名次或代词。例如:We got to London at 7 o’clock. 我们7点到o伦敦。 • Please phone me when you reach school. 到校后给我打电话。

  31. Lesson 3How far is Beijing? New words Think about it Text Explanations Practice

  32. New words • dinosaur n. 恐龙 • me pron. 我 • think v. 认为 • about prep. 关于 • here adv. 这里 • visit v. 访问 • him pron. 他 • laugh v 笑 • worry v. 担心 • there adv. 那里;在那里 • partner n. 伙伴 • practice v;n. 练习 • say v. 说 • thousand num. 千

  33. Think about it • How far is it from your home to your school? • How far is it from your city to Beijing? • Why is Mrs. Dinosaur worried?

  34. Dialogue • MD: Hello! • MS: Hello. This is Mrs. Smith speaking. Is Mrs. Dinosaur in? • MD: Yes, this is Mrs. Dinosaur. How are you, Mr. Smith? • MS: I’m fine, thank you. Mrs. Li called me from China this morning. She and Li Ming want Danny and Jenny to come to China. They will go on a trip to Beijing. • MD: But how far is it from China to Canada? • MS: Canada is far from China. I think it’s about 8500 kilometers. • MD: Oh? Danny! Come here!

  35. D: Yes, Mum? • MD: Li Ming wants you to visit him in China. But it is too far. • D: No, it’s not, Mum! It’s only about 9600 kilometers from Edmonton to Shijiazhuang. • MD: 9600 kilometers! • MS: Don’t worry, Mrs. Dinosaur. Jenny will be there, too. • D: Please, Mum, please.

  36. Numbers • 100 one hundred • 200 two hundred • 278 two hundred and seventy-eight • 1000 one thousand • 2000 two thousand • 2457 two v four hundred and fifty-seven

  37. But how far is it from China to Canada? 但是从中国到加拿大有多远?句中 how far 意为 “多远”,是询问距离的表达法。例如: • How far is it to Shanghai?到上海有多远? • How far is the shop?那家商店有多远? • 回答时可以用 “It’s…kilometers from…to…”.

  38. thousand 可以作数词、名词或形容词,意为“千;一千的”。在用英语表达数字时,千和百之间没有 and,但是百和十之间通常有 and。 例如:3854 读作 three thousand eight hundred and fifty-four。如果 thousand 前面是具体数字,那么 thousand 后面不用加-s。如果表达成千上万时则用 thousands of。此词举例如下: • A thousand thanks for your kindness. 多谢你的盛情。 • one in a thousand 千里挑一 • He gets thousands of letters every week from fans. 每周他都收到好几千封崇拜者的来信。 • Several thousands of people gathered at the square. 成千上万的人聚集在广场。

  39. 4.I think it is about 8500 kilometres. 我认为有大约8500公里。 • 句中 about 是副词,意为 “大约;大概”。例如: • It is about 8:30 now. 现在大约8:30了。 • It’s about two kilometers from here to the post office. 从这到邮局大约有两千米远。 • About fifty people come here. 约有五千人来到这里。

  40. Practice • 300 9658 • 356 6958 • 879 2369 • 1234 7895 • 5687 6549

  41. lesson4 How can we go to Beijing?

  42. New words • let v. 让 • us pron. 我们 • by prep. 乘;骑 • plane n. 飞机 • take ( took, taken ) v. 拿;取 • bus n. 公共汽车 • fast adj. 快的 • slow adj. 慢的

  43. cheap adj. 便宜的 • expensive adj. 贵的 • train n. 火车 • than conj. 比 • sing (sang, sung) 唱歌 • song n. 歌曲 • cost (cost, cost) v. 花费 • as adv. 正好;恰好

  44. Think about it • How do you go to school? • How do you like to travel? • How dose Li Ming like to travel?

  45. Dialogue • L: Let’s go to Beijing by plane, Mum! • M: No, Li Ming. I want to take a bus. • L: But a plane is fast! A bus is slow! I don’t want to go by bus! • M: Yes, Li Ming. A bus is slow, but a bus is about thirty-five yuan. That’s cheap. A plane is about two hundred yuan. That’s expensive. • L: Let’s take a train! A train is slower than a plane but faster than a bus! • M: And it’s about forty yuan, not two hundred yuan! Great!

  46. Opposites • slow fast • cheap expensive • big small • hot cold

  47. Let’s sing a song! • A plane is fast • A bus is slow. • Let’s take plane • That is how I want to go • A plane is fast • But let’s take a bus • A bus is slow • But it doesn't cost much • Please, not a bus • Let’s take a train • It’s faster than s bus • And cheaper than a plane • A train’s just right • Oh, hooray, Li Ming • We can take a train • On our trip to Beijing

  48. Let’s go to Beijing by plane,Mum!让我们坐飞机去北京吧,妈妈。 • 1)句中 let 是动词,意为 “让”。经常用于第一、第三人称的祈使句中,用来表示建议、命令、请求、警告等。Let’s 的意思是 “让我们”。let 在英语中叫使役动词,这类动词后必须接省略to的动词不定式,即动词原形。例如: • Let me help you. 让我来帮你。 • 注意:let 祈使句的特点有如下几条: • a)let 后的宾语若是代词,应用宾格形式。 • b)let 后面的动词不定时符号 to 省略。 • c)let 祈使句的否定形式为 Don’t let sb./sth. do sth. • d) let 祈使句在口语中经常使用。 • 2)by plane 乘飞机。by 是介词,意为 “靠;乘;骑”,表示借助手段或方法,后接表示交通工具的名词,前面不加冠词。例如: • by car 乘小汽车 by bike 乘自行车 by train 乘火车 by motor 骑摩托车

  49. 2.I want to take a bus.我想乘汽车。 • 1)句中 want to do sth.意为 “想要去做某事”,此时want 相当于 would like,只是 would like 的语气较委婉。例如: • I want to go swimming.=I would like to go swimming.我想要去游泳。 • Bill wants to be a doctor. 比尔想要当一名医生。 • 注意:want 表示 “想要”时,不用于进行时态。 • 2)在本句中 take 为动词,意思是 “乘坐”。例如:take a bus 乘公共汽车 • take 还有 “拿”的意思。指把某人或某物从说话人处带到另一处。例如:Don’t forget to take your coat. 别忘了带上你的外套。 • Please take your book away. 请把你的书带走。 • 与 take 有关的短语有:take sb./sth. to sp. 表示 “把某人或某物带到某处。take sth. with sb. 表示 “某人携带某物”。take +名词/代词+地点副词” 表示 “把……带到……”。

  50. 3.But a plane is fast!A bus is slow!但是坐飞机快,而坐汽车慢。 • 句中 fast 是形容词,意为 “快的”。反义词是 slow,比较级为 faster。slow 的比较级为 slower。例如: • a fast car 一辆速度快的小汽车 • A train is faster than a bus. 火车比公共汽车快。 • fast 也可以作副词,修饰动词。例如: • He can’t walk very fast. 他不能走得太快。 • Li Ming runs faster than I. 李明比我跑得快。