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Grammar – Unit 42 Passive (is done / was done) PowerPoint Presentation
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Grammar – Unit 42 Passive (is done / was done)

Grammar – Unit 42 Passive (is done / was done)

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Grammar – Unit 42 Passive (is done / was done)

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  1. Grammar – Unit 42Passive (is done / was done)

  2. Agenda • Learning Objectives • Example Set A to learn the difference between active and passive voices • Example Set B to learn the importance of subject in the active and passive voices • Example Set C to learn about active and passive voices in Present Simple and Past Simple.

  3. Agenda • Learning Objectives • Example Set A to learn the difference between active and passive voices • Example Set B to learn the importance of subject in the active and passive voices • Example Set C to learn about active and passive voices in Present Simple and Past Simple.

  4. Learning Objectives • Learn the differences between active and passive voices • To learn the importance of subject in active and passive voices • To learn and understand the usage of active and passive voices in present simple and past simple

  5. Agenda • Learning Objectives • Example Set A to learn the difference between active and passive voices • Example Set B to learn the importance of subject in the active and passive voices • Example Set C to learn about active and passive voices in Present Simple and Past Simple.

  6. Example Set A • This house was built in 1935. Was built is passive. • Compare active and passive: • Somebody built ( this house ) in 1935. (active) object • ( This house) was built in 1935. (passive) Subject

  7. Continue • When we use an active verb, we say what the subject does: • My grandfather was a builder. He built this house in 1935. • It’s a big company. It employs two hundred people. • When we use a passive verb, we say what happens to the subject: • This house is quite old. It was built in 1935. • Two hundred people are employed by the company.

  8. Agenda • Learning Objectives • Example Set A to learn the difference between active and passive voices • Example Set B to learn the importance of subject in the active and passive voices • Example Set C to learn about active and passive voices in Present Simple and Past Simple.

  9. Example Set B • When we use the passive, who or what causes the action is often unknown or unimportant: • A lot of money was stolen in the robbery. (somebody stole it, but we don’t know who) • Is this room cleaned every day? (does somebody clean it? – it’s not important who)

  10. Continue • If we want to say who does or what causes the action, we use by…: • This house was built by my grandfather. • Two hundred people are employed by the company.

  11. Agenda • Learning Objectives • Example Set A to learn the difference between active and passive voices • Example Set B to learn the importance of subject in the active and passive voices • Example Set C to learn about active and passive voices in Present Simple and Past Simple.

  12. Example Set C • The passive is be (is/was etc.) + past participle (done/cleaned/seen etc): (be) done (be) cleaned (be) damaged(be) seen etc. • Study the active and passive forms of the present simple and past simple: • Present simple active: [somebody cleans this room every day.] clean(s) / see(s) etc. passive: [This room is cleaned every day.] am/is/are + cleaned/seen etc.

  13. Continue.. • Many accidents are caused by careless driving. • I’m not often invited to parties. • How is this word pronounced?

  14. Continue.. • Past simple • active: [somebody cleanedthis room yesterday] cleaned/saw etc. • passive: [This room was cleaned yesterday.] was/were + cleaned/seen etc.

  15. Continue • We were woken up by a loud noise during the right. • Did you go to the party?’ ‘No, I wasn’t invited.’ • How much money was stolen in the robbery?

  16. Summary • Learning Objectives • Example Set A to learn the difference between active and passive voices • Example Set B to learn the importance of subject in the active and passive voices • Example Set C to learn about active and passive voices in Present Simple and Past Simple.