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Standardization of the Modified Barium Swallow Study

The Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile MBSImP. Standardization of the Modified Barium Swallow Study. Purpose & Rationale for Standardizing the MBSS. Evidence ─ not opinion ─ should guide clinical decision making The MBSImP is a research-based standardization of the MBSS

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Standardization of the Modified Barium Swallow Study

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  1. The Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile MBSImP Standardization of the Modified Barium Swallow Study

  2. Purpose & Rationale for Standardizing the MBSS • Evidence ─ not opinion ─ should guide clinical decision making • The MBSImP is a research-based standardization of the MBSS • The MBSImP provides the means for speech-language pathologists to interpret and communicate results of MBSS in a manner that is • Evidence-based, consistent, specific, and accurate

  3. Development and Overview of the MBSImP • Developed & validated during a 5-year NIH-funded study • Uses a standardized approach for assessment of swallowing physiology • Reliability training • Assessment protocol • Scoring and interpretation • Terminology • Reporting • Observation of impairment in 17 distinct components of physiology involved in the swallowing process are used to systematically identify target(s) for therapeutic intervention

  4. Critical Necessity of Standardization in Healthcare • the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality indicated in AHRQ Publication 01-017 that a lack of standardization • Impedes understanding of true functional results • Produces ambiguous reporting of outcomes • Hinders understanding of restorative, rehabilitative targets

  5. The AHRQ also defines what should be standardized • Instrument’s contents and format • Data collection protocol’s approach and method • Analyses, minimizing variation in scoring and interpretation • Reporting of results • *The MBSImPsatisfies these requirements*

  6. Clinical Benefits of MBSImP Implementation • The MBSImP’sstandardized online training • Provides comprehensive education in the physiology of normal and abnormal swallowing • Benefits both novice and experienced clinicians • Provides evidence for registered users of competency in understanding and assessment of swallowing function

  7. Clinical Benefits of MBSImP Implementation • The MBSImP’sstandardized terminology and assessment protocol • Facilitates consistency of patient care across clinicians and healthcare facilities • Enhances clarity and accuracy when communicating patient status and assessment results to physicians, speech-language pathologists, and other members of the healthcare team

  8. Clinical Benefits of MBSImP Implementation • The MBSImP’s system for patient management and reporting provides a method for • Tracking patient status over consecutive MBSS • Evaluating effectiveness of compensatory strategies and therapeutic exercises used in patient treatment plans • Demonstrating evidence for change in functional status and treatment effectiveness • Targeting treatment with detailed treatment plans required by third party payers and needed to optimize patient care and outcomes

  9. Patient-Related Benefits of MBSImP Implementation • Treatment planning specific to and appropriate for the impaired physiology affecting swallowing function • Targeted evidence-based treatment • Minimizes patient exposure to radiation when using the MBSImP’s standardized protocol

  10. Current MBSImP Related Research • Bonilha, H.S., Humphries, K., Blair, J., Hill, E., McGrattan, K., Carnes, B., Martin-Harris, B. (In Press). Radiation exposure time during MBSS: Influence of swallowing impairment severity, medical diagnosis, clinician experience, and standardized protocol use. Dysphagia. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3477506/ • Purpose: This study examined the influence of clinician experience, medical diagnostic category, swallowing impairment severity, and use of a standardized protocol on fluoroscopy time • Findings: the MBSImP’S standardized protocol used during MBSS • No unnecessary radiation exposure to patients • Average radiation exposure was 2.9 minutes, well within the range of exposure times most cited • No significant association with patient population/Dx

  11. Current MBSImP Related Research • Gullung, J.L., Hill, E.G., Castell, D.O., Martin-Harris, B. Oropharyngeal and esophageal swallowing impairment: association and predictive value of the modified barium swallow impairment profile and combined multichannel intraluminal impedance-esophageal manometry. Annals of otology, rhinolology, and laryngology.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23193907 • Purpose: This study examined associations between oropharyngeal and esophageal aspects of impairment in swallowing function • Findings: This study demonstrated significant relationships between impairment in oropharyngeal and esophageal clearance scores on the MBSImP. Further, the validity of esophageal clearance scores on MBSImP were illustrated. Study findings showed significant associations between the MBSImP esophageal clearance score and results of impedance manometry testing by gastroenterology

  12. Administrative Benefits of MBSImP Implementation • Institutes practice and policies contemporary with current trends in healthcare • Evidence-based treatment that is measurable over time • Accumulation of data that support the benefits of and reimbursement for videofluoroscopically-based assessment of oropharyngeal swallowing dysfunction • Provides evidence justifying the efficacy and the continued reimbursement for treatment

  13. Marketing Potential from MBSImP Implementation • Demonstrating advanced expertise and competency in the evaluation and treatment of swallowing and swallowing disorders to patients, physicians, and payers • Clinicians demonstrate a more in-depth understanding of swallowing and swallowing disorders • Use of a research-developed, evidence-based, standardized means of evaluation • Assessments that accurately identify and quantify physiologic impairments that affect swallowing function • Development of individualized targeted treatment plans and care for patient based on evidence, notopinion

  14. Testimonials from Registered MBSImP Clinicians “I am so excited to have this standardization protocol in place. I have been frustrated for a long time with the differences in interpretation of MBSs from one clinician to another. I think this will add credibility to our profession. I am excited to start using the reports and contribute to research!” "The characteristics for each component are well defined, the videos provide excellent examples of the components, the attention to detail is outstanding. Learning is enhanced by the availability of the replay of the videos for study.” “I really enjoyed the course and am recommending it to all my colleagues. It was positively challenging. I feel so much more confident when evaluating our VFSS results now and it truly does save time in the long run.” “I did the online course and I found it to be exceptional. It’sobjective and allows for better communication between trained therapists. I can’t recommend it enough.”

  15. Useful Links • The NIH Funded Research Study, Published in Dysphagia, Dec 2008 • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4217120/ • Sample copy of the MBSImP system-generated documentation of an MBSImP study • http://www.northernspeech.com/uploads/sample_report_mbsimp.pdf

  16. Studies of Interest: 2012 Dysphagia: Radiation Exposure Time during MBSS: Influence of Swallowing Impairment Severity, Medical Diagnosis, Clinician Experience, and Standardized Protocol Use. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3477506/ 2012 The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology: Oropharyngeal and Esophageal Swallowing Impairments: Their Association and the Predictive Value of the Modified Barium Swallow Impairment Profile and Combined Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance-Esophageal Manometry. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23193907

  17. More Studies of Interest: 2013 Dysphagia: Preliminary Investigation of the Effect of Pulse Rate on Judgments of Swallowing Impairment and Treatment Recommendations http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3762944/ 2008 Phys Med Rehab Clin N Am: The Videofluorographic Swallowing Study. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2586156/

  18. For Additional Information Please Visit or Contact Northern Speech Services: Visit NorthernSpeech.com/mbsimp or email mbsimp@northernspeech.com

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