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Aging, Death, & End of Life Issues PowerPoint Presentation
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Aging, Death, & End of Life Issues

Aging, Death, & End of Life Issues

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Aging, Death, & End of Life Issues

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  1. Aging, Death, & End of Life Issues

  2. Allport’s Characteristics of a Healthy Adult • Extension of sense of self • Warm human interaction • Emotional security and self acceptance • Realistic perceptions • Self objectification • Demonstrate a unifying philosophy of life

  3. Theories of Aging • Cellular Clock Theory (Hayflick limit) • Cells have an absolute limit on the number of times they can divide. As they stop aging increases. • Free Radical Theory • Chemicals produced by cell division and by the environment(pollution, smoking, etc.) cause cell damageand aging • Hormonal Stress Theory • Aging of bodies hormonal system can lower resilience to stress and cause aging

  4. Theories of Aging • Cellular Garbage Theory • Garbage builds in cells due to aging cells difficulty in disposing of waste which creates slower functioning due to crowding. • Wear and Tear Theory • Bodies accumulated damage over time makes it impossible to repair

  5. Successful Aging • Theories • Continuity theory • Must maintain continuity of past and change • Disengagement theory • Must have mutual disengagement between individual and society • Activity theory • Must remain as active as possible

  6. Peck’s Three Developmental Tasks of Late Adulthood • Differentiation vs. Role Pre-occupation • Must redefine worth in terms other than career • Body Transcendence vs. Body Pre-occupation • Must learn to cope with declining physical health • Ego Transcendence vs. Ego Pre-occupation • Must recognize death is inevitable and come to terms with ones life

  7. Dealing with the End of Life • Spirituality • Advanced Directives • Will • Living Will • Durable Power of Attorney • Funeral arrangements

  8. Dealing With Death • Experience • Bereavement • The state or condition of loss • Grief • The emotional response to loss • Mourning • Outward display of grief (culturally prescribed)

  9. Models of Grieving

  10. Models of Grieving • Grief Work • Individual process • Cannot underestimate the time needed • Involves • Acknowledging the reality of the loss • Working through the emotional turmoil • Adjusting to the environment where the deceased is absent • Loosening the ties to the deceased

  11. Dual Process Model of Coping w/ LossStroebe & Schut

  12. Why Grieving is Important • Loss involves more than death of a loved one. • The problem of compounded grief.