ABBE Domestic Energy Assessment Training Course Welcome and Qualification Structure Course tutor:-
Course House Keeping • Signing In Please ensure you sign the course register every morning to confirm your attendance.
Course House Keeping • Fire Procedures • Nearest Fire Exit • Fire Drill • Meeting Point Please report any incidents to the course trainer.
Course House Keeping • First Aider/ Accident Reporting Please report any incidents to the course trainer who will take the appropriate action
Course House Keeping • Lunch • Comfort Breaks • Toilets • Smoking • Refreshments
Stroma’s Co-ordinated approach to Building Sustainability & Compliance Stroma’s Co-ordinated approach to Building Sustainability & Compliance "Stroma’s ultimate objective is to ensure that all buildings, new and existing, reach their full energy performance potential and comply with legislation without sacrificing client satisfaction or occupier comfort”
Stroma Profile • Operating throughout the UK and Ireland, Stroma specialises in measuring and improving building performance across the residential, commercial and public sectors. • Whether for new build or retrofit projects, we can identify and deliver the services required at each stage to achieve legislative compliance, meet carbon reduction and energy efficiency targets, and improve occupier comfort levels. • Services include sustainable design; CO2 emission calculations and energy assessment; compliance testing and consultancy; building fabric protection and enhancement; energy management and carbon reduction consultancy; and certification and training. • To find out more or to discuss specific requirements, call 0845 621 11 11 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Alternatively, visit www.stroma.com.
Equal Opportunities EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES POLICY Stroma Limited is committed to equal opportunities in the work place. The purpose of this policy is to ensure equal opportunities for all employees and members of the public who come into contact with Stroma Limited.
Equal Opportunities EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES POLICY CONTINUED This policy extends to all those associated with Stroma Limited including employees, job applicants, clients and customers, irrespective of age, disability, gender re-assignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation. We value a diverse client base and the individuality and creativity that every employee can potentially bring to the workforce.
Delegates Delegates please provide: • Name • Job (affiliation/company) • Relevant History • Relevant Experience
Proceedings • During the Course: • Questions – Ask them!!!! • Presentations - core material. • Flexibility – there is scope to provide additional clarity and answer questions of interest. • Participation –Exercises and workshops.
Introduction • Overview • The aimof this course is to provide attendees with the knowledge to carry out Domestic Energy Assessments. & • To verify the competence and suitability of attendees to become Domestic Energy Assessors.
Introduction The course will consist of: • Presentations • Practical workshops • Software training • Questions and answers
The Qualification Skills Domestic Energy Assessors are required to competently demonstrate a mixture of: • technical knowledge • practical competence • ‘Soft skills’ There are personal attributes that enhance an individuals job performance through interaction
Agenda Day 1 • Introduction • Energy Performance of Buildings Directive • Work as an energy assessor in a safe effective and professional manner • Prepare to undertake energy assessments of dwellings to produce EPCs • Property construction types (system build etc.) • Ageing Properties • Run through software
Agenda Day 2 • Surveying and Measuring Properties • Insulation (areas and thickness’s) • Heating Systems • Domestic Hot Water • Renewable Energy
Agenda Day 3 • Site visit • Software Training • Portfolio Requirements • Run through Stroma RSAP Application • Q&A session
Qualification assessment • National Occupational Standard (NOS) for Domestic Energy Assessors • The NOS are agreed by CLG and define the content of the qualification • you are assessed against the NOS • the portfolio is designed to complete all of the NOS • Portfolio of Evidence • Knowledge and Understanding Questions • Business documents • 5 surveys and EPCs with documents and Evidence
Portfolio of Evidence The full portfolio requirements will be covered at the end of the course, the portfolio is broken down into four key units
One File One file is the online portal where all your portfolio of evidence is entered to be assessed and verified. www.onefile.co.uk
Portfolio of Evidence • Whilst completing your portfolio you are required to fully meet all the property types and age bands in the below matrix • In addition to the matrix there are a number of features to include, such as specific wall constructions, insulation types and heating systems.
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive • Climate Change • Climate change now seen to be “unequivocally” happening • CO2 levels highest ever recorded • This rapid change in CO2 levels has been linked to human activity • It is predicted we have between 10/15 years left to implement serious measures to reduce emissions • British Government has made a pledge to reduce Carbon emissions by 60% by 2050
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Kyoto protocol; • The Kyoto Protocol is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC) • It set binding obligations on the industrialised countries to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases. • The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. • The Kyoto Protocol is seen as an important first step towards a truly global emission reduction regime that will stabilize GHG emissions http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/2830.php
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive The UK has passed legislation that introduces the world’s first long-term legally binding framework to tackle the dangers of climate change. The Climate Change Act created a new approach to managing and responding to climate change in the UK, by: • setting ambitious, legally binding targets • taking powers to help meet those targets • strengthening the institutional framework • enhancing the UK’s ability to adapt to the impact of climate change • establishing clear and regular accountability to the UK Parliament and to the devolved legislatures
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive • A key part of this legislation is the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive first published in 2002, • It requires all EU countries to enhance their building regulations and to introduce energy certification schemes for buildings. • All countries were also required to have inspections of boilers and air-conditioners. • The EPBD was implemented in the UK in 2007
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Display Energy Certificates • Article 7 of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive states: • An energy performance certificate must be produced when a building is constructed, sold or rented out. • These EPCs can only be produced by qualified and/or accredited energy assessors working in an independent manner. EPBD Energy Performance Certificates
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Energy Labels • First we had Washing Machines • Then we had cars • Now we have buildings Introduced through EU Directive 2002
EPCs for Domestic Properties Example of an Energy Performance Certificate for a Home
EPCs for Non-domestic Properties EPC for Non-Domestic Building?
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive • WHAT • The EPC legislation was introduced in September 2007 • Initially EPCs formed part of the Home Information Pack or HIP • The HIP was abolished in 2010 by the coalition Government, but the EPC is still required for any property which is being sold or rented. • The regulations apply to England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive • Energy Performance Certificates (EPC’s) • Energy Efficiency Rating and Environmental Impact Rating • Current and potential costing for heating, lighting and hot water • Summary of the property’s energy performance related features • Recommendations to improve the energy efficiency of the property, with explanations.
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive • Domestic Energy Performance Certificate • Calculated using RdSAP (Reduced Data Standard Assessment Procedure) • Normalised for occupancy and weather • Valid for up to 10 years • Green Deal measures are valid for 3 years • The owner of the property is not obliged to implement any of the recommendations
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Energy Assessors Only accredited energy assessors are able to carry out assessments and produce EPC’s and DEC’s To be accredited you must: • hold the relevant qualification for the buildings you wish to survey, e.g. DEA, NDEA L3, 4 or 5 • For DEA you must have a recent CRB check • Join a Government approved accreditation scheme, such as Stroma
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Levels of EPC Assessors • Domestic Energy Assessors use RdSAP • Level 3 – for simple commercial buildings using SBEM • Level 4 – more complex commercial buildings (new and existing) using SBEM • Level 5 – highly qualified consultants able to survey complex buildings using Dynamic Simulation Models
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Buildings Requiring DEC’s • Schools (not private) • Leisure Centres (not private clubs) • Hospitals (not private unless NHS patients are admitted) • Public Golf Clubhouses • Libraries • Museums and Art Galleries operated or sponsored by Local Authorities
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive Exempt from EPCs/DECs • Temporary buildings in use for < 2 years (e.g. Site Offices) • Places of Worship • Low energy demand buildings (e.g. Barns) • Stand-alone buildings < 50m2 (Sheds, Summer Houses) • Listed buildings(sale & rental)
SAP Used for new dwellings. Used for buildings which have undergone a ‘change of use’. Report produced off plan. Property is not visited. Uses a more comprehensive methodology. Assessor must hold Dip OCDEA qualification. Report based on U-values. Uses SAP software. RdSAP Used for existing dwellings. Assessment conducted at the dwelling. Uses a reduced methodology taken from SAP. Assessor must hold DipDEA qualification. Report based on assumptions. Uses RdSAP Software. Differences between SAP and RdSAP
RdSAP • RSAP stands for Reduced data Standard Assessment Procedure. • RdSAP is the Government approved calculation used to calculate the ratings on an EPC. • RdSAP is derived from full SAP, Standard Assessment Procedure, which is used for assessing newly built dwellings. • We are currently using RSAP version 9.91, updated on 1st April 2012. • RdSAP 9.91 includes a few additional options which had not been available previously and make RSAP more flexible. • RdSAP determines what data should be gathered during an assessment and how it should be entered into the software to produce the EPC. • All Accreditation Schemes provide access to approved RdSAP software, which allows their members to lodge EPCs to Landmark.
RdSAP Assumptions • The EPC is designed so an EPC for one property can be a compared with another. • Different people use their house and it’s contents in different ways. EPCs are therefore not specific to the occupants, but to the dwelling itself. • Assumptions are made by RdSAP so household behaviour does not impact on the EPC rating • Standard occupancy – the actual number of occupants is not accounted for. RdSAP assumes occupancy based on the floor area. This is then used to determine factors like domestic hot water requirement • Standard heating pattern – some people have their heating set to 25o all day every day, some people have their heating on for half an hour a day. To avoid this type of behaviour skewing EPC data a standard heating pattern is used. • 9 hours heating a day during the week • 16 hours a day at the weekend • The living area is heated to 21oC and the rest of the house to 18oC • RdSAP does not account for energy use by electrical appliances and non-fitted lighting. It is assumed these will not be left at the property by the current owner/occupier
RdSAP Assumptions • RdSAP makes some assumptions based on the data collected by a DEA • Window area – a ratio has been calculated which assumes an average window area based on the age of the property and the total floor area • U-values – this is the rate of heat loss through windows, walls, floors and the roof of the dwelling. The software assumes U-values for different construction types based on the building techniques used and materials available.
RdSAP Documents • Appendix S: The methodology list all the data collection fields and their explanations • Appendix T: The list of all the improvement measures and their triggers • Conventions: The conventions give clear guidance on how assessment criteria is determined and clarify grey areas of the methodology that could lead to variation in interpretation As a DEA all you will need a working knowledge of all 3 documents, and you should understand how, and when to apply the information contained within them.
Rating Differences Over time there has been changes to RdSAP they have been made to make the calculation more consistent and accurate We have moved from: • SAP 2005 - v9.83 • SAP 2009 - v9.9 • SAP 2009 - v9.91 (current) Any calculation using newer methodology will be different from a calculation using an earlier methodology. The revisions of the methodology is to better model the energy performance of the property
Risk assessment • As a lone worker working in different surroundings every day, it is of the utmost importance that you carry out a full risk assessment for every survey you carry out.
Risk Assessment The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) recommends 5 steps to Risk Assessment:- • Step 1. Identify the hazards • Step 2. Decide who might be harmed and how • Step 3. Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions • Step 4. Record your findings and implement them • Step 5. Review risk assessments and update
Assessing Risks • When making appointments to inspect properties ask questions to identify potential hazards • Consider use of a pre-inspection questionnaire to be sent out with appointment confirmation • What questions could you ask the seller over the phone, by e-mail or ideally by completing a health & safety questionnaire included with your survey acceptance letter and terms & conditions?
Assessing Risks • Is the property inhabited or uninhabited? • If uninhabited is it derelict? • Are services turned on, e.g. is artificial lighting available? • Is the assessor visiting an empty property? • What are the parking arrangements – any restrictions? • How old is the property, what type and how big is it ? • Will all parts of the property be accessible?
Personal Preparations Dress suitably - durable, warm and waterproof clothing. Mobile phone fully charged and switched on; Carry personal alarm; Park close by and put valuables in the boot, park in a legal and safe position; Do not inspect at dusk or after dark; Do not carry unnecessary valuables into the property; Take all appropriate tools/equipment, Let your office know when you are starting and finishing the inspection
Main risk areas General health and safety issues affecting DEAs; • Travel to inspection - car safety, mobile phone use, journey times • Weather- wet, windy, icy • Location- unsafe car parking, areas of high social stress, busy road, unlit stairwells • Unsafe property- externally- Loose masonry, roof tile, open man holes • Lone working- Empty property, ensure someone is aware of your location? • Unsafe property- internally- Uneven floor, loose carpets, low ceiling • Personal safety- Toxic/dangerous substances, needles and drugs, asbestos • Occupants- Threatening, intoxicated • Animals- Dogs, other large or potentially dangerous animals • Loft/Roof void- Too high (over 3m), located over stairwell • Services- Faulty electrical point/meter, gas leak • Vermin- rats, insects
Surveying Empty Properties If you are being accompanied by the agent or owner during the inspection, check the person’s credentials When entering the empty building, carry out a cursory inspection of all rooms whilst loudly announcing your presence If you are on your own, lock the external doors when you are inside and keep the keys with you; If you discover an unauthorized person(s), briefly and calmly explain who you are, why you are there and that you are leaving right away. If you discover signs of unauthorized occupation and/or the property is unsecured, leave the property immediately and notify the person responsible.