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Yellow River Valley Civilization. 2,000-200 B.C. Geography of China : A. T wo major river systems are : 1. Yangtze River (AKA—Chang Jiang) 2. Huang He (AKA—Yellow). Geography of China : B. China, like the Indus Valley, is surrounded by natural barriers: 1. 2. 3. 4.
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Yellow River Valley Civilization 2,000-200 B.C.
Geography of China:A. Two major river systems are:1. Yangtze River(AKA—Chang Jiang)2. Huang He(AKA—Yellow)
Geography of China:B. China, like the Indus Valley, is surrounded by natural barriers:184.108.40.206.
Deserts and mountains dominate 2/3 of the geography of China.1. 90% of the remaining available farmland lies between these two rivers.“China’s Heartland”
Chinese attitude:A. Chinese saw anyone who was not Chinese as barbarians. They considered themselves to be at the center of the civilized world.
Environmental Challenges: • Huang He River- AKA - Yellow River • would deposit • yellow silt called • loess along its • banks. This • caused • flooding or drought.
B. Geographic isolation did not allow trade. CULTURAL DIFFUSION
IV. Chinese Dynasties Achievements/Contributions:1. Xia Dynasty—flood control, irrigation and no written records
A. Dynasty = Ruling Family Father Son
Shang Dynasty—(1532-1027 B.C.) gained control of N. ChinaA. Polytheistic – believed in many god(desses) and nature spirits.
2. Ying and Yang – believed that universe was held in delicate balance between two forces, yin and yang.
Ancient Chinese Writing B. 1st dynasty to leave written records – characters, not letters
3. Zhou Dynasty—about 1027 B.C., the Zhou family overthrew the Shang and claimed that the gods had become angry with Shang cruelty and had chosen the Zhou’s to rule.
This is called the MANDATE OF HEAVEN: 1. Theory that it is justified to overthrow a bad government with the approval of the gods.
Chinese later expanded Mandate of Heaven to explain the rise and fall of families:* The Dynasty Cycle:
B. Other Contributions:1. Created iron tools2. Expanded trade – built roads and canals
3. astronomy – accurate calendar4. silk – made from the cocoons of the silkworm – became valuable Chinese export
B. Recent surveys determined that it stretches 5,500.3 miles
Early River Valley Civilizations Timeline (3,500-200 B.C.) 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 B.C. Sumerians Egyptians Indus Yellow
Use the following notesheets to complete the review packet:1. Neolithic Revolution2. Sumerians3. Egyptians4. Indus5. Yellow Attach these completed worksheets to your review packet:* Vocabulary Sheet* Sumerian and Egyptian Comparison Chart