1 / 30

2,000-200 B.C.

Yellow River Valley Civilization. 2,000-200 B.C. Geography of China : A. T wo major river systems are : 1. Yangtze River (AKA—Chang Jiang) 2. Huang He (AKA—Yellow). Geography of China : B. China, like the Indus Valley, is surrounded by natural barriers: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Télécharger la présentation

2,000-200 B.C.

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Yellow River Valley Civilization 2,000-200 B.C.

  2. Geography of China:A. Two major river systems are:1. Yangtze River(AKA—Chang Jiang)2. Huang He(AKA—Yellow)

  3. Geography of China:B. China, like the Indus Valley, is surrounded by natural barriers:

  4. Deserts and mountains dominate 2/3 of the geography of China.1. 90% of the remaining available farmland lies between these two rivers.“China’s Heartland”

  5. Chinese attitude:A. Chinese saw anyone who was not Chinese as barbarians. They considered themselves to be at the center of the civilized world.

  6. Chinese attitude:ex. Called themselves the “Middle Kingdom”

  7. Environmental Challenges: • Huang He River- AKA - Yellow River • would deposit • yellow silt called • loess along its • banks. This • caused • flooding or drought.

  8. Ex. 1887—a flood killed nearly a million people

  9. B. Geographic isolation did not allow trade. CULTURAL DIFFUSION

  10. IV. Chinese Dynasties Achievements/Contributions:1. Xia Dynasty—flood control, irrigation and no written records

  11. A. Dynasty = Ruling Family Father Son

  12. Shang Dynasty—(1532-1027 B.C.) gained control of N. ChinaA. Polytheistic – believed in many god(desses) and nature spirits.

  13. 1. ancestor worship – offered sacrifices to dead ancestors

  14. 2. Ying and Yang – believed that universe was held in delicate balance between two forces, yin and yang.

  15. Ancient Chinese Writing B. 1st dynasty to leave written records – characters, not letters

  16. 3. Zhou Dynasty—about 1027 B.C., the Zhou family overthrew the Shang and claimed that the gods had become angry with Shang cruelty and had chosen the Zhou’s to rule.

  17. This is called the MANDATE OF HEAVEN: 1. Theory that it is justified to overthrow a bad government with the approval of the gods.

  18. Chinese later expanded Mandate of Heaven to explain the rise and fall of families:* The Dynasty Cycle:

  19. B. Other Contributions:1. Created iron tools2. Expanded trade – built roads and canals

  20. 3. astronomy – accurate calendar4. silk – made from the cocoons of the silkworm – became valuable Chinese export

  21. 4. Qin Dynsty: built the Great Wall of China

  22. A. Built to keep out nomadic invaders

  23. B. Recent surveys determined that it stretches 5,500.3 miles

  24. Early River Valley Civilizations Timeline (3,500-200 B.C.) 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 B.C. Sumerians Egyptians Indus Yellow

  25. Use the following notesheets to complete the review packet:1. Neolithic Revolution2. Sumerians3. Egyptians4. Indus5. Yellow Attach these completed worksheets to your review packet:* Vocabulary Sheet* Sumerian and Egyptian Comparison Chart

More Related