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Brucellosis

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Brucellosis

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  1. Brucellosis Undulant Fever, Malta Fever, Mediterranean Fever, Enzootic Abortion, Epizootic Abortion, Contagious Abortion, Bang’s Disease By A.Mugoti

  2. The Organism

  3. Brucella spp. • Gram negative coccobacillus • Facultative, intracellular organism • Multiple species • Associated with certain hosts • Environmental persistence • Withstands drying • Temperature, pH, humidity • Frozen and aborted materials, dust, soil Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  4. Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  5. The Many Names of Brucellosis Human Disease • Malta Fever • Undulant Fever • Mediterranean Fever • Rock Fever of Gibraltar • Gastric Fever Animal Disease • Bang’s Disease • Enzootic Abortion • Epizootic Abortion • Slinking of Calves • Ram Epididymitis • Contagious Abortion Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  6. Epidemiology

  7. Populations at Risk • Occupational disease • Cattle ranchers/dairy farmers • Veterinarians • Abattoir workers • Meat inspectors • Lab workers • Hunters • Travelers • Consumers • Unpasteurized dairy products Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  8. Brucella melitensis • Distribution • Mediterranean, Middle East, Central Asia, Central America • Incidence • Mediterranean, Middle East • 78 cases/100,000 people/yr • Arabic Peninsula • 20% prevalence; 2% active cases Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  9. Brucella abortus • Distribution • Worldwide • Eradicated insome countries • Notifiable diseasein many countries Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  10. Brucella suis • Eradicated from domestic pigs • U.S. Canada, much of Europe • Persistent problem in feral swine • U.S., Europe, parts of Australia Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  11. Brucella ovis • Distribution: most sheep-raising regions of the world • Australia • New Zealand • North America • South America • South Africa • Many European countries Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  12. Brucella canis • Distribution • worldwide • Human infections • Possible but uncommon Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

  13. Brucella in Marine Mammals • Culture-positive or seropositive animals • North Atlantic Ocean • Mediterranean Sea • Arctic, including Barents Sea • Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America • Coasts of Peru, Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, Solomon Islands, Antarctic Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University, 2012

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