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  1. Promotion of growth, poverty reduction and climate change adaptation through Land and Water Management Elijah Phiri (PhD) CAADP Pillar 1/University of Zambia ReSAKSSAfricawide Conference, Addis Ababa, November 23-24, 2009

  2. Layout of presentation Background Climate Change CAADP Pillar 1 SLWM Initiatives Conclusion

  3. Background • Agriculture currently accounts for 24% of world output, and uses 40% of land area (FAO 2003): Africa->>>not encouraging (nutrient & water management) • Agriculture is predominantly rainfed & highly dependent on the climate/variability; • Human dependence on agricultural livelihoods, particularly by the poor, is high; • Agriculture has been a focus of those modeling the impact of climate change on poverty;

  4. Land and water are the primary natural resources necessary for agriculture, food production and rural development in most African countries • If used in proper association with suitable technologies and related resources, there is capacity to enable African agricultural production to outpace growing demand despite declining availability of per capita land and water resources

  5. Climate Change • Projections suggest that, by the end of the 21st century, climate change could have had substantial impact on agricultural production -the scope for reducing poverty • The short term impacts of climate change, particularly changes in the frequency and severity of adverse weather events, remain uncertain, but their impacts on many developing countries are likely to be negative

  6. Responses to climate change can either seek to reduce the level or rate of change(mitigation) or manage its consequences (adaptation); • We are concerned here with both types of response;

  7. Main drivers of Land and Ecosystem Degradation • Climate change: • changes in temperature and precipitation trends • Increased frequency of extreme events, such as droughts and floods • Agricultural expansion: • loss of wild habitats • loss of agrobiodiversity and medicinal plants • deforestation

  8. Core Priorities • Recognize that water is a primary medium through which climate change impacts will be felt; • Recognize the critical nature of Climate Change Adaptation; • Recognize the need for regional and transboundary cooperation and co-ordination;

  9. Recognize capacity building needs for climate change adaptation; • Recognize the need for enhancing international institutional arrangements and mechanisms; • Recognize the need for ecosystem preservation, protection and rehabilitation for climate change adaptation;

  10. CAADP Pillar 1

  11. SLWM SLWM considered as a: • Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture; • Strategic component of sustainable development, food security, poverty alleviation and ecosystem health • Knowledge-based procedure for using natural resources for production of goods and services to meet changing human needs

  12. INVESTMENT & POLICY PRIORITY AREAS LAND MANAGEMT AND WATER CONTROL • INFRASTRUCTURE • AND • MARKET ACCESS HUNGER, PRODUCTION SAFETY NETS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY Land Management and Soil fertility Global Trade Policies and Agreements Food Emergency Management Research and Innovation systems Dissemination and Knowledge Management systems Agriculture Water and Irrigation Export Infrastructure and market Chain Development Land Policy and Administration Quality Control & Management Systems

  13. SLWM Components Water Land 2 policy 1 4 3 “Transcends across sub-sectors”

  14. Aim of Framework: • Coalition-building amongst key stakeholders; • Empowerment of national and regional stakeholders; • Improvement of collection, management and dissemination of knowledge; • Identification, mobilization and harmonization of investment funds; • Scaling up of investments;

  15. Pillar Framework Functions • Quality assurance in the analysis • Support/Guide to the design of investment programmes • Provision of tools and analytical instruments for: • M&E • Stocktaking • Stakeholder analysis • Reviews – C/B analysis; PER; Sector performance, etc… • Institutional capacity assessment • Identification priority drivers of growth • Provision/access to lessons learnt • Fostering alignment to leverage resources /economics of scale • Guide in the application/adaptation the principles of CAADP/NEPAD • Development/nurturing networks of expertise

  16. Country-level benefits: • Review, revise, harmonize and coordinated efforts at policy, strategy, technical and program level; • Expand and consolidate actions that support SLWM; • Benefits from increased flow of qualitative information and expertise; • Better harmony of investment funds; • Provide mutual encouragement and support and commitment to SLWM; • Peer review mechanism

  17. CAADP Pillar 1 Initiatives

  18. 13th AU Summit Theme: “Investing in Agriculture for Economic Growth and Food Security” Sub-Theme A “Climate Change: Opportunities for enhanced investments and growth of African Agriculture” Sub-Theme B “Regional Agriculture trade and market systems: Issues and challenges for stimulating economic transformation and growth in Africa” Sub-Theme C “Investment Financing: Making African Agriculture a viable investment option” Sub-Theme D “Stimulating participation of the poor and other vulnerable groups in rural economic activities”

  19. Climate Change • climate variability and climate change is and will be key factor to the agricultural development agenda • land degradation undermines food-security and increases the vulnerability of African economies to climate variability • Development of an African Agricultural-based climate change mitigation and adaptation framework will provide strategic guidance and tools to national and regional level initiatives to scale up adoption of sustainable land and agriculture water management

  20. Development of Agriculture based Climate Change Adaption Framework : • Seeks to help maintain a high degree of emphasis on linkages between climate change, sustainable land management, food security, and poverty alleviation in Africa in policy and development programming; • Seeks to highlight roles and synergies across different partners in addressing climate change in African agriculture;

  21. Seeks to help in facilitating the collaboration and coordination of efforts in climate change policy, research and development as it relates to agriculture; • Seeks to provide a clear and compelling investment programmefor African agriculture that delivers on the twin objectives of meeting current food security needs whilst building capacity of rural systems and agricultural assets (e.g. soils) to offset or respond to climate change effects

  22. Framework structure Technologies Training R&D Partnerships Policies Organisations Capacity Building Scaling up best practices in Climate change adaptation-mitigation in farming Knowledge Management Financing

  23. Key value elements of the Framework • Provide for comprehensive, systematic and coherent programming; • Provide for systematic reforms in policies; • Focus attention to organizational and human capacity needs; • Provide for integrated and programmatic approach across the sectors, disciplines, ecosystems as well as trans-boundary; • Guidelines for information/knowledge and analytical skills support;

  24. Agriculture based Climate Change Adaption Framework (CCA) The purpose of the CAADP CC Adaptation Framework is to: • Outline a set of principles, actions, roles and responsibilities, and financing recommendations • guide diagnosis, design and implementing agricultural-based climate change adaptation-mitigation programmes • Integrate CCA to the CAADP Pillar 1 framework • Guide engagement at all levels from continental to national/local and across the levels on CC

  25. Other initiatives: • Flagship projects on up-scaling of Conservation Agriculture as mitigation strategy for climate change- 2 million householder target; • Carbon trading…take advantage; • Development of mitigation and adaptation framework for agriculture -initial stages; • Development of country support tools • Development of M&E matrix -indicators; • Development of manual on selected best practices; • Establishment and nurturing of expert pool and specialist networks;

  26. Conclusion SLWM is an entry point for adaptation: • Climate risk management • Food security • Alternative livelihoods Mainstreaming of adaptation into development planning and policy should happen concurrently with SLWM mainstreaming through one coordinated process

  27. Vulnerability and risk assessment should be integrated into existing policy frameworks, programmes and projects that address land degradation in areas with high climate-related risks • Strengthening of the coping and resilience of SLWM systems and technologies should build on existing expertise in SLWM

  28. Thanks for your attention…