Last Orders • Lesson Two Alcohol Strengths and Units
What is a unit of alcohol? • A unit of alcohol is equivalent to: - Half a pint of beer/lager/cider 3.5% ABV. - One small glass of wine – 125mls 9% ABV. - One single spirits (pub measure) 40% ABV.
What is Alcohol? • Alcoholic drinks consist mainly of flavoured water and ethyl alcohol (ethanol) • They are made by fermentation of fruits, vegetables or grains. • Ethyl alcohol on it’s own is a poison, so it is diluted in alcoholic drinks to make it safer to drink.
1.2 units 275 mls • One bottle of Smirnoff Ice - 4.5%ABV • How many units?
One 125mls glass of wine -9%ABV How many units? 1 Unit
One single pub measure of spirits - 40% ABV How many units? 1 Unit
One 568 mls can of Stella Lager – 5.2% ABV How many units? 3.0 Units
One 275 mls bottle of Bacardi Breezer - 4%ABV How many units? 1.1 Units
One 588 mls can Fosters Lager - 4% ABV How many units? 2.3 Units
One half pint of beer or lager - 3.5%ABV How many units? 1 Unit
One 750 mls bottle of wine - 14%ABV How many units? 10 Units
One 2 litres bottle of Diamond White - 7.5%ABV How many units? 15 Units
One 25mls ‘shot’ - 40%ABV How many units? 1 Unit
One litre of Vodka - 37.5%ABV How many units? 37.5 Units
One 750mls of Lambrini - 7.5%ABV How many units? 5.7 Units
It is the strength and size of the drink that determines how many units it has. It is not as simple as one drink = one unit
Safer Drinking Limits • There is no safer drinking limit for under 18 year olds as their livers and brains are still developing • The healthiest choice for young people is not to drink any alcohol before 15 years, then only at low levels.
Safer drinking limits for Adults • Men should not regularly drink more than 3 to 4 units a day • Women not more than 2 to 3 units a day • Regularly drinking over this can lead to long term liver and brain damage and other related health risks