Business Meetings That Work ZeenatJabbar
Business Meetings Definition: A gathering in which a purposeful exchange or transaction occurs among three or more people with a common interest, topic, or problem.
When Should YouCall a Meeting? Answer: When you cannot accomplish your communication objectives or goals in any other way. In other words, a meeting is the communication tool of last resort, after you have considered and discarded other forms of information exchange.
Don't Call Meetings When: • A phone call or a memo would do. • A key person is not available. • Participants don't have time to prepare. • Personality conflicts or the plans of higher management might make the meeting a waste of time. • It costs too much.
You Should Consider Calling a Meeting to: • Talk about goals. • Reach a consensus. • Listen to reports. • Discover or solve problems. • Train people. • Gather opinions.
Call Meetings to: • Explain plans and programs. • Keep things moving. • Tell people what they're supposed to do and how they're to do it. • Build morale.
Meet With People Who: • Have to carry out what's decided • Have valuable information or good ideas • Can approve the results • Represent divergent views • Are indispensable to the success of the decision
Three Principal Types of Business Meetings: • Informational Meetings • Problem-Solving Meetings • Suggested-Solution Meetings
Leadership Responsibilities • Any successful meeting depends in large measure on the competence and motivation of the leader. • In the absence of effective leadership, no group, no matter how well intentioned, will experience the success they hope for. Three general leadership styles predominate at business and group meetings.
Leadership Styles • Authoritarian: behavior ranges from firm suggestions to commands that must be carried out. • Democratic: works on the principle of participation and mutual support. • Leaderless: an abdication of responsibility from one person to the group as a whole.
How Do You Solve a Problem in a Meeting? • State the problem in the form of an affirmative question. • Define and limit the problem. • Collect facts on the history of the problem. • Establish criteria. Assess those criteria in light of their practicality, feasibility, and the rights of others.
How Do You Solve a Problem in a Meeting? • List possible solutions. • Evaluate suggested solutions. • Determine a course of action. • Tell those responsible for making the solution succeed.
As You Plan for a Meeting: Consider the problem and determine your purpose. • First, decide whether a meeting should be called at all. • Next, you must determine the purpose for the meeting. It should be timely, genuine, important, and meaningful for the conferees. It must also be within their sphere of responsibility and influence.
As You Plan for a Meeting: Then, Decide Who Should Participate. • Invite those who must carry out what's been decided. • Invite those who have valuable information, good ideas, or divergent views. • Include those who can approve the results or are indispensable to the success of the decision.
As You Plan for a Meeting: Arrange for a Meeting Time, Date, and Place. • What times and dates are most convenient? In the absence of convenience, when can everyone be there? • Where should you meet? Will the location prove conducive to achieving your goals, or distracting?
As You Plan for a Meeting: Coordinate Details at the Meeting Site. • Consider seating, lighting, acoustics, audiovisual requirements, environmental controls, workspace, travel requirements, location, and cost. • Talk to or meet with those responsible for supporting or carrying out your plans for the meeting, including audio-visual technicians, caterers, banquet and meeting managers.
As You Plan for a Meeting: Announce an Agenda. • Unless secrecy is essential, meetings are more likely to succeed with an agenda. State the problem properly, as a question of fact, value, or policy. Be sure to include all relevant detail in the announcement, including topic, date, time, place, and responsibilities of the participants.
As You Plan for a Meeting: Take Care of Physical Arrangements. • Seating, lighting, public address system, visual support systems, environmental controls, tables, workspace • Support materials, pencils, pens, markers, chalk, paper, refreshments • Reference materials, background data
Informal Responsibilities: • Prepare yourself thoroughly. • Assume your given role during the meeting: • Organizer • Clarifier • Questioner • Expert • Critical Tester • Conciliator • Helper of others • Energizer
Procedures: How Do You Run an Effective Meeting? • Begin and end on time. • Follow the agenda. • Stimulate discussion, encourage full participation from everyone present. • Focus the groups' effort on their goals.
Procedures: How Do You Run an Effective Meeting? • Understand the roles of participants: group task roles, group building and maintenance roles, and individual roles. • Confront or ignore those working at cross-purpose with the group. • Sort, select, interpret data to reach a conclusion.
Procedures: How Do You Run an Effective Meeting? • State the conclusion and plan of action. • Follow-up after the meeting has concluded: distribute notes or minutes and take the actions you said you would.