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Inter-American Development Bank Presentation on Citizen Security PowerPoint Presentation
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Inter-American Development Bank Presentation on Citizen Security

Inter-American Development Bank Presentation on Citizen Security

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Inter-American Development Bank Presentation on Citizen Security

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Presentation Transcript

  1. SUMMIT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW GROUP (SIRG) OEA/Ser.E Second Regular Meeting of 2009 GRIC/O.2/doc.5/09 February 9-13, 2009 9 February 2009 Rubén Dario Room – 1889 F Street NW, DC 20006 Original: English Washington, D.C. Inter-American Development Bank Presentation on Citizen Security

  2. INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK OEA-GRIC, February 2009 CITIZEN SECURITY -The IDB experience in the region- Institutional Capacity & Finance Sector (ICF) Institutional Capacity of State Division (ICS)

  3. I. IDB’s INTERVENTION STRATEGY: -Ten years of lessons learned and innovative interventions in the sector II. CHALLENGES AND CURRENT ACTION LINES

  4. I. IDB’s INTERVENTION STRATEGY: Ten years of lessons learned and innovative interventions in the sector

  5. What have we done in the sector? • The IDB has approved 11 Projects in Citizen Security for the following countries : • Chile • Colombia • Guyana • Jamaica • Panama • Uruguay • Trinidad y Tobago In Central America: • El Salvador • Honduras • Nicaragua • Guatemala • More than 25 technical cooperations

  6. The context Tasa de muerte por arma de fuego por 100.000 habitantes (Fuente: Small Arms Survey, 2008) Tasa de homicidios por 100.000 habitantes (2002 o más reciente) (Fuente: Crime, Violence, and Development: Trends, Costs, and Policy Options in the Caribbean, Banco Mundial y UNODC, 2007)

  7. The context Tasa de homicidios por 100.000 habitantes (2006) (Fuente: Elaboración propia con datos de Ministerios de Justicia, Interior, policías y observatorios de la violencia de la Región. )

  8. People’s voice Fuente: Latinobarómetro 1995-2007

  9. Institutional Capital • The IDB has contributed considerably to the Citizen Security sector in the last decade: • Studies to identify the magnitude and cost of violence for Peru, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, El Salvador, Panama and Brazil. • An interdisciplinary expert regional network (specialists in: institutional reforms, criminology, violence prevention, police reform, among others). • Conferences and seminars to disseminate best practices at the regional level. (Inter America Forum in Medellín, 2006; Lima, 2007; and Jamaica,

  10. Institutional Capital • Strategic alliances and partnerships with the international community working in the sector (UNODC; WOLA, IACPV, OEA, PAHO, among others). • Publications related to: juvenile violence (a regional study to characterize juvenile violence, based on victimization, habits and values survey; domestic violence; urban development; penitentiary and police reform, among others). • Citizen Security Technical Notes (including Sector’s institutional analyses and evaluations of programs for violence prevention). • Project Impact Evaluations. • Knowledge Management Network to constantly hone IDB staff skills.

  11. The IDB’s Operational framework Comprehensive Analysis of Citizen security Public Policy Planning Institutional Strengthening of Sector-Related Entities Laboratories for “Good Government for Security” Follow-up and evaluation mechanisms Prevention Activities Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents

  12. The IDB’s Operational framework Public Policy Planning Activities and Projects directed at juvenile delinquents Prevention Activities Prevention of Domestic Violence Actvities targeting communities Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Strategies for engaging the media Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents

  13. The IDB’s Operational framework Public Policy Planning Institutional reorganization and internal administrative planning Prevention Activities Recruitment process improvement Strengthening of technical and professional skills of police officers and prison guards to improve attention and respect for Human Rights Police Management Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures Citizen participation Community Policing Training in the use of new IT systems Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents Improvement of internal control and accountability mechanisms of the police with community participation Studies and strategic discussion groups facilitation

  14. The IDB’s Operational framework Public Policy Planning Personal, psychological, social and medical attention Prevention Activities Formal education Training and Education for microenterprise development Development of alternative disciplinary methods and improvement of social skills Law Enforcement Criminal Justice and Alternatives Measures Peaceful Conflict Resolution Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment Job Placement Assistance through alliances with private sector Rehabilitation of convicts or juvenile delinquents Development and strengthening of alternative penitentiary mechanisms with supervisory systems Development of support mechanisms and follow-up following prison release

  15. II. Challenges and Current Lines of Action

  16. Challenges • Continuing the design of innovative interventions in the public security area • Adapting the Bank’s support to each country specific background and current demands • Promoting a long term vision in the region, through the support for security public policies’ implementation • Emphasizing sub-national governments’ participation in the prevention area.

  17. Current Action Lines 1. Quality Information in Citizen Security: Regional Public Good • Establishment of standardized information systems (Regional Public Good) • Technical cooperation approved and currently being executed • Civil Society participation • Regional Victimization Survey / Quality of Life Study

  18. Current Action Lines 2.Regional Laboratory of Citizen Security • Scientific analyses of reforms processes • Dissemination of best practices • Research on cutting-edge interventions in the sector • Analytical documentation of methodologies and lessons learned • Identification and promotion of innovative practices at the local government level • Promotion of networks linking academia and policy-makers

  19. Current Action Lines 3. Regional Dialogue of State Policies for Citizen Security (Permanent Forum) • Political, economic and social sustainability • Consensus-building dialogue around the sector’s policy guidelines at the national and sub-national level • Feedback for other actions undertaken by the IDB in the sector • Promotion of citizen security policies at the local level, articulated with national policies, through a Mayoral Network

  20. Current Action Lines 4. Citizen security as an element in the Corporate and Social Responsibility Agenda for the Private Sector • Mapping exercise of best practices and innovative actions • Demonstrative cases as models for the region • Update of the costs of violence analyses at the micro and macro levels

  21. Thank you ! Banco Inter-Americano de Desarrollo Febrero 2009.