Do Now: Literary Terms Activity • Using 3x5 index cards create note cards for the following literary terms/techniques: • Metaphor • Lyric poem • Alliteration • Caesura • Kenning Literary Term Definition & Example
Literary Terms • Lyric poem: a poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker • elegy, ode, sonnet • metaphor: a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else • “my thoughts no longer hover…resting their wings”
More Literary Terms • Alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds • She sells seashells by the seashore. • Caesura: a natural pause, or break, in the middle of a line of poetry • There is a fish,//that quivers in the pool, • Kenning: a metaphorical phrase used to replace a concrete noun • The whale’s home= sea
“Sea-Fever”Read and discuss the overwhelming power of the sea I must down to the seas again, to the lonely sea and the sky,And all I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by,And the wheel's kick and the wind's song and the white sail's shaking,And a grey mist on the sea's face, and a grey dawn breaking.I must down to the seas again, for the call of the running tideIs a wild call and a clear call that may not be denied;And all I ask is a windy day with the white clouds flying,And the flung spray and the blown spume, and the sea-gulls crying.I must down to the seas again, to the vagrant gypsy life,To the gull's way and the whale's way where the wind's like a whetted knife;And all I ask is a merry yarn from a laughing fellow-roverAnd quiet sleep and a sweet dream when the long trick's over.By John Masefield (1878-1967).(English Poet Laureate, 1930-1967.)
Narrative Situation • Who is the speaker? • A lost last survivor of a defeated tribe • Who is he speaking to? • Land dweller • What is he speaking about? • How much he has lost; his suffering • What is his attitude? • Mournful, regretful but this tone of grief becomes a tone of excited joy
Two-Part Structure • dividing line is verse 64 • Part One • impressionistic description of a sailor’s life • Part Two • homiletic treatment of the sense of life
Using the SIFT Method of Literary Analysis Symbol Images Figures of speech Tone and theme
In groups of four analyze “The Seafarer” using the SIFT method.
Symbol How might the first half of the poem be an allegory that is explained by the second half? Sailor= one who sacrifices himself for his spiritual ideals Sea= the harder life the soul accepts when it gives up pleasure for the sake of God.
Images What are three images the poet uses in the first stanza to convey his sense of isolation? • “of smashing surf when I sweated in the cold of an anxious watch, perched in the bow” (6-7) • “On an ice-cold sea, whirled in sorrow...Hung with icicles.” (15-17) • “Storms beat on the rocky cliffs and were echoed by ice-feathered terns and the eagle’s screams;” (23-24)
Figures of Speech • Alliteration • “Of smashing surf when I sweated in the cold” (line 6) • “Grown so brave, or so graced by God,” (line 41) • Kenning • “coldest seeds”= hail (line 33) • “summer’s sentinel”= the cuckoo (line 53) • “the whale’s home”= the sea (lines 59-60) • “givers of gold” = kings (line 83)
More Figures of Speech • Caesura • “This tale is true,//and mine. It tells” (1) • Metaphor • “Orchards blossom, the towns bloom,” (43) • “Their faces blanch as time advances, their beards wither and they mourn…” (90-91) • Simile • “bent like the men who mold it”
Tone and Theme • How might you explain the mixed feelings about the sea that the poet seems to feel? • The poet loves the excitement of ocean travel and visiting foreign lands BUT he recognizes the danger and loneliness seafaring entails • In what way do lines 39-43 show the influence of both the Pagan and Christian beliefs? • Line 41 implies a belief that God bestows grace and protection yet line 43 indicates a belief in Fate and a lack of protection from fate’s whims
Homework • Review “The Seafarer” notes for quiz