1965-1970 • https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=the+century+america%27s+time&nohtml5=False • America Unpinned
1970s-2000s Events with Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton, Bush, and Obama
1970-1975 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4cLvv5FH0FA&nohtml5=False • Approaching Apocalypse • Watergate segment (35:00-40:00)
1970s • The Watergate Scandalled to the resignation of President Nixon in 1974.
Nixon’svice-president, SpiroAgnew, hadresigned and under the 25th amendment, Gerald Ford wasnamed as the vice-president. • Ford was the onlypresident to achieve office by appointmentinstead of election.
A Constitutional Crisis Averted? • Ford pardoned Nixon
OPEC was an Araboil cartel whichboycottedtheir sale of oil to the U.S. as a sign of disapproval of our support of Israel. This caused an energycrisis and gaslines.
A Civil Rights issue in the citieswasbusingwhichinvolvedmovingchildren to schools for integrationpurposes.
Jimmy Carter was a peanutfarmer and DemocraticGovernor of Georgia whenhedefeated Ford in the Presidential Election of 1976. He said, ‘‘I willnever lie to you.’’
Camp David Accords • PeacetreatybetweenIsrael and Egypt • Carter won the Nobel PeacePrize
Stagflation • Describes the recession of the late 1970s when stagnation (high unemployment and low economic growth) and inflation (rising prices) converge, making economic policy difficult to combat the two problems at once
Carter’s Policies • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (required banks to make loans and credit available to low-income people) • Department of Energy • Department of Education • Panama Canal Treaty • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
1980 • The U.S. boycotted the SummerOlympics in Moscow because of their invasion of Afghanistan.
1979, the Shah of Iran wasoverthrown by followers of the AyottollahKhomeini. The U.S. Embassywasstormed and manyhostagesweretaken. This was the Iran HostageCrisiswhichlasted 444 days. • Failedrescue attempt in 1980 added to frustrations of Americans
The Environment • Clean Air Act • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Earth Day
ERA • The Women’sRightsMovementworked for the passage of the EqualRightsAmendmentbetween 1972 and 1982
Who stopped ERA? • Phyllis Schlafly • Neo-Conservatives
Internal Migration—see p. 116 U.S. History atlas • Postwar boom in California • Financial and defense industry growth • Recessions cause people to leave the industrial “frostbelt” for jobs in the “sunbelt” • Population shifts led to political shifts of red and blue states and representational changes in Congress
Demographic Changes 1976 Election 1980 Election
Election of 1980—Carter vs. Reagan “Recession is when your neighbor loses his job. Depression is when you lose your job. Recovery is when Jimmy Carter loses his job.” (Governor Ronald Reagan at the Presidential Debate)
Ronald Reagan defeated Jimmy Carter in the Presidential Election of 1980. • The Iran hostageswerereleased on Inauguration Day.
Reagan began a movement called the New Conservatism. • He increasedspending and respect for the military. • He alsogotfunding for the building of the StrategicDefense Initiative, alsocalled ‘‘ Star Wars ’’
Assassination attempt by John Hinckley—James Brady was seriously wounded—The Brady Bill was proposed and later passed by Clinton. Hinckley remains hospitalized. • The N.R.A. (strong lobby) supported Reagan • Invasion of Grenada in the Caribbean to maintain democratic leadership there
Reagan wascalledThe Great Communicator. • His ‘‘ trickle down theory’’ of economics • wascalled ‘‘Reaganomics’’ (alsocalled supplysideeconomics) • Reagan’sthemes for the U.S. included: ‘‘The Shining City on the Hill’’ and ‘‘Morning in America’’. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EU-IBF8nwSY • Religious conservatives calledthemselves The Moral Majority. • The HeritageFoundationsupported Reagan and Conservative Ideals
The 80s • De-regulation of industry • Tax cuts • Reduced funding of social programs • Investment in military • Family values • Yuppies vs. Homeless
America contributes most to cure of AIDS • http://time.com/3596985/americas-aids-miracle/#3596985/americas-aids-miracle/
Reagan appointed the first woman to the Supreme Court • Sandra Day O’Connor of Arizona • Later, Clinton appointed Ruth Bader Ginsberg • Obama appointed Elena Kagan and Sonya Sotomayor
Election of 1984 • Democrat, VP Walter Mondale chose Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate in the challenge for the Presidency
Mondale stated… “Let’s tell the truth. It must be done... Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won’t tell you. I just did.” (Mondale’s acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention of 1984—he lost the election in a landslide)
Space Shuttle Program, 1981-2011 • Columbia • Challenger • Discovery • Atlantis • Endeavor • The International Space Station • What’s next?
The Space Shuttle Challenger Christa McAuliffe, the first teacher in space
“The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honored us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning , as they prepared for their journey and waved good-bye and ‘slipped the surly bonds of earth to touch the face of God.’” President Reagan http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qoQlkFryriQ
Reagan called the USSR the “Evil Empire” • Reagan called The USSR the “Evil Empire” • He built up arms and started SDI • The USSR had a weakening economy and restructuring under Gorbachev • Reagan visited Moscow in 1988
USSR • The USSR was reforming under the leadership of MikhailGorbachev. (perestroika and glasnost)
Iran-Contra Scandal • Lt. Colonel Oliver North exposed secret weapons sales between the U.S., Iran, and Nicaraguan rebels.
Election of 1988 • Republican Vice-President George H.W. Bush vs. DemocraticGovernor Michael Dukakis
The Bush Resume • Son of a U.S. Senator • Youngest pilot shot down over the Pacific in WWII • Yale • Oil Business (millionaire by age 40) • U.S. Congressman from Texas • Director of CIA • U.S. Ambassador to UN • Ambassador to China • Chairman of Republican Party • Vice-President of the U.S. (eight years) • President, 1989-1993