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1965-1970

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1965-1970

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  1. 1965-1970 • https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=the+century+america%27s+time&nohtml5=False • America Unpinned

  2. 1970s-2000s Events with Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton, Bush, and Obama

  3. 1970-1975 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4cLvv5FH0FA&nohtml5=False • Approaching Apocalypse • Watergate segment (35:00-40:00)

  4. Election of 1972: Nixon and McGovern

  5. 1970s • The Watergate Scandalled to the resignation of President Nixon in 1974.

  6. Nixon’svice-president, SpiroAgnew, hadresigned and under the 25th amendment, Gerald Ford wasnamed as the vice-president. • Ford was the onlypresident to achieve office by appointmentinstead of election.

  7. A Constitutional Crisis Averted? • Ford pardoned Nixon

  8. OPEC was an Araboil cartel whichboycottedtheir sale of oil to the U.S. as a sign of disapproval of our support of Israel. This caused an energycrisis and gaslines.

  9. A Civil Rights issue in the citieswasbusingwhichinvolvedmovingchildren to schools for integrationpurposes.

  10. Americacelebrated The Bicentennial in 1976.

  11. Jimmy Carter was a peanutfarmer and DemocraticGovernor of Georgia whenhedefeated Ford in the Presidential Election of 1976. He said, ‘‘I willnever lie to you.’’

  12. Amnesty for the Draft Dodgers--1977

  13. Camp David Accords • PeacetreatybetweenIsrael and Egypt • Carter won the Nobel PeacePrize

  14. Recession and Gas Shortages

  15. Stagflation • Describes the recession of the late 1970s when stagnation (high unemployment and low economic growth) and inflation (rising prices) converge, making economic policy difficult to combat the two problems at once

  16. Carter’s Policies • Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (required banks to make loans and credit available to low-income people) • Department of Energy • Department of Education • Panama Canal Treaty • Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  17. 1980 • The U.S. boycotted the SummerOlympics in Moscow because of their invasion of Afghanistan.

  18. 1979, the Shah of Iran wasoverthrown by followers of the AyottollahKhomeini. The U.S. Embassywasstormed and manyhostagesweretaken. This was the Iran HostageCrisiswhichlasted 444 days. • Failedrescue attempt in 1980 added to frustrations of Americans

  19. The Environment • Clean Air Act • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Earth Day

  20. ERA • The Women’sRightsMovementworked for the passage of the EqualRightsAmendmentbetween 1972 and 1982

  21. Who stopped ERA? • Phyllis Schlafly • Neo-Conservatives

  22. Internal Migration—see p. 116 U.S. History atlas • Postwar boom in California • Financial and defense industry growth • Recessions cause people to leave the industrial “frostbelt” for jobs in the “sunbelt” • Population shifts led to political shifts of red and blue states and representational changes in Congress

  23. Demographic Changes 1976 Election 1980 Election

  24. Immigration

  25. Election of 1980—Carter vs. Reagan “Recession is when your neighbor loses his job. Depression is when you lose your job. Recovery is when Jimmy Carter loses his job.” (Governor Ronald Reagan at the Presidential Debate)

  26. Ronald Reagan defeated Jimmy Carter in the Presidential Election of 1980. • The Iran hostageswerereleased on Inauguration Day.

  27. Reagan began a movement called the New Conservatism. • He increasedspending and respect for the military. • He alsogotfunding for the building of the StrategicDefense Initiative, alsocalled ‘‘ Star Wars ’’

  28. Assassination attempt by John Hinckley—James Brady was seriously wounded—The Brady Bill was proposed and later passed by Clinton. Hinckley remains hospitalized. • The N.R.A. (strong lobby) supported Reagan • Invasion of Grenada in the Caribbean to maintain democratic leadership there

  29. Reagan wascalledThe Great Communicator. • His ‘‘ trickle down theory’’ of economics • wascalled ‘‘Reaganomics’’ (alsocalled supplysideeconomics) • Reagan’sthemes for the U.S. included: ‘‘The Shining City on the Hill’’ and ‘‘Morning in America’’. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EU-IBF8nwSY • Religious conservatives calledthemselves The Moral Majority. • The HeritageFoundationsupported Reagan and Conservative Ideals

  30. The 80s • De-regulation of industry • Tax cuts • Reduced funding of social programs • Investment in military • Family values • Yuppies vs. Homeless

  31. Reverend Billy Graham religious advisor

  32. AIDS

  33. America contributes most to cure of AIDS • http://time.com/3596985/americas-aids-miracle/#3596985/americas-aids-miracle/

  34. Reagan appointed the first woman to the Supreme Court • Sandra Day O’Connor of Arizona • Later, Clinton appointed Ruth Bader Ginsberg • Obama appointed Elena Kagan and Sonya Sotomayor

  35. Election of 1984 • Democrat, VP Walter Mondale chose Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate in the challenge for the Presidency

  36. Mondale stated… “Let’s tell the truth. It must be done... Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won’t tell you. I just did.” (Mondale’s acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention of 1984—he lost the election in a landslide)

  37. 1984 Election: A Reagan Mandate

  38. Space Shuttle Program, 1981-2011 • Columbia • Challenger • Discovery • Atlantis • Endeavor • The International Space Station • What’s next?

  39. The Space Shuttle Challenger Christa McAuliffe, the first teacher in space

  40. “The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honored us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning , as they prepared for their journey and waved good-bye and ‘slipped the surly bonds of earth to touch the face of God.’” President Reagan http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qoQlkFryriQ

  41. Reagan Believed in Peace Through Strength

  42. Reagan called the USSR the “Evil Empire” • Reagan called The USSR the “Evil Empire” • He built up arms and started SDI • The USSR had a weakening economy and restructuring under Gorbachev • Reagan visited Moscow in 1988

  43. USSR • The USSR was reforming under the leadership of MikhailGorbachev. (perestroika and glasnost)

  44. Iran-Contra Scandal • Lt. Colonel Oliver North exposed secret weapons sales between the U.S., Iran, and Nicaraguan rebels.

  45. Home Computers

  46. Election of 1988 • Republican Vice-President George H.W. Bush vs. DemocraticGovernor Michael Dukakis

  47. The Bush Resume • Son of a U.S. Senator • Youngest pilot shot down over the Pacific in WWII • Yale • Oil Business (millionaire by age 40) • U.S. Congressman from Texas • Director of CIA • U.S. Ambassador to UN • Ambassador to China • Chairman of Republican Party • Vice-President of the U.S. (eight years) • President, 1989-1993