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# Using Scientific Measurements

Using Scientific Measurements. Uncertainty in Measurements. All measurements have uncertainty. Measurements involve estimation by the person making the measurement. Measuring devices are limited in their precision. Accuracy and Precision.

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## Using Scientific Measurements

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1. Using Scientific Measurements

2. Uncertainty in Measurements All measurements have uncertainty. • Measurements involve estimation by the person making the measurement. • Measuring devices are limited in their precision

3. Accuracy and Precision Accuracy – the closeness of measured values to the true or accepted value Precision – the closeness of repeated measurements of the same quantity

4. Percent Error • Used to compare measured values to the true or accepted value.

5. Percent Error Sample Problems • Calculate the percent error in a length measurement of 4.25 cm if the correct value is 4.08 cm. • The actual density of a certain material is 7.44 g/cm3. A student measures the density of the same material as 7.30 g/cm3. What is the percent error of the measurement

6. Counting Significant Figures Determine the number of significant figures in each of the following numbers: 0.003042 1.4030 1000 1000. 1000.00 0.060 50.0 10.47020 250. 65,321 2.00 x 102 1.004 x 105

7. Rounding to Significant Figures Round each of the following numbers to three significant digits: 1,566,311 2.651 x 10-3 84,592 0.0011672 0.07759

8. Calculations with significant figures • Find the volume of a cube that is 3.23 cm on each edge. • What is the sum of 67.14 kg and 8.2 kg? • Calculate the density of a 17.982 g object that occupies 4.13 cm3.

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