Combating Human Trafficking Combat THB is a Project of: This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Matus’ Story Listen to Matus’ story:
Matus’ Story: A Summary • Job offer on farm in the UK. • Indebted for travel to UK. • Accommodation substandard. • Taken to unknown destinations around the country. • No training or safety clothing provided. • Demanding workload without adequate rest. • Regularly beaten and food withheld. • Passport held by farm boss.
What is Human Trafficking (THB)? “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation”. Movement Coercion Deception Abuse Control Exploitation Art 2, Directive 2011/36/EU; Art. 4, Council of Europe Convention on Action against Human Trafficking 2005; Art. 3 UN 2000, page 42.
What type of THB? • Forced prostitution • Forced /bonded labour • Forced criminality • Domestic servitude • Forced organ removal • Exploitation of children (begging, sex trade & warfare)
Spotting Signals • What are the signals that may indicate human trafficking in your supply chain?
Potential Signals • Stories of abuses in the sectors or regions your suppliers are in. • Suppliers using recruitment agents to hire local and migrant workers. • Suppliers’ workers paying a fee to get the job. • Employers keep workers’ personal documents; workers do not have control over, or free access to them. • Workers paid cash in hand, without clear record of hours worked or pay rate. • Supplier does not provide an employee grievance mechanism. • There is no employee union in the company. • Workers are dependent on employer or recruitment agent for basic living needs (accommodation, food, etc.). • Workers are living and working in poor or substandard conditions.
Erecting Barriers • What procedures could have been implemented to act as barriers to this type of THB?
Potential Barriers • Developing a Code of Business Conduct setting out an anti-THB policy framework; all suppliers should comply. • Identifying and evaluating the level of risk of THB within your supply chains leading to: • Carrying out human rights due diligence to all strategic suppliers; and • Conducting audits including non-announced on-site inspection of suppliers falling into the high-risk category. • Developing different options for Corrective Action Plans (CAPs) for non-complying suppliers, including termination clauses. • Engaging with suppliers for continual improvement: including capacity building through training, worker’s empowerment and partnerships.