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Phrases and Clauses

Phrases and Clauses

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Phrases and Clauses

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  1. Phrases and Clauses English Grammar

  2. Let’s examine a Sentence • The boyran. Sub Verb • The boyranfast. Sub Verb Adverb • The boy ran as fast as deer. Phrase (Adverbial Phrase)

  3. Some more sentences • The tall boy ran as fast as deer. AdjectivePhrase (Adjectival Phrase) • The tall boy from Delhi ran fast. Phrase (Adjectival Phrase)

  4. Phrase: Definition • A phrase is a group of words that can do the function of an adjective/adverb/noun/verb/preposition. • A phrase can have a noun or a verb. But it will never have a subject doing action. • Examples: • leaving behind the dog • smashing into a fence • before the first test

  5. Types of Phrases: Five Noun phrase • my two wonderful dogs • the tallest building in the world • couldn’t go • will be working • very friendly • afraid of the dark • really fast • much quicker • near the post office • on the desk Verb phrase Adjective phrase Adverb phrase Preposition phrase

  6. Clauses • The boyrantill he reached his house. Noun VerbClause • Sherefusedto drink milk because she hates milk. Subject VerbAdverbial Clause • Idrank milk which you bought yesterday. Sub VerbAdjectival Clause

  7. Clauses: Definition • Groups of words in which there is a subject doing an action are called Clauses Subject-verb combination - mandatory

  8. Types of Clauses: Independent and Dependent/ Subordinate • I like tea (complete idea is conveyed) • I like tea that Kaushal makes. Dependent Clause cannot convey a full idea until it is combined with Independent Clause Independent Clause Dependent/ Subordinate Clause

  9. Examples: Dependent and Independent Clauses Identify Clauses and their types: • I went to hotel which was expensive. • He is a lady who taught me cooking. • She met him when he boarded metro at Rajiv Chowk. • I saw Dhruv when I was driving yesterday. • I read the book that you bought me.

  10. Examples: Dependent and Independent Clauses • I went to hotel which was expensive. (Adjectival Clause) • She is a lady who taught me cooking. (Adjectival Clause) • She met him when he boarded metro at Rajiv Chowk. (Adverbial Clause) • I saw Dhruvwhen I was driving yesterday. (Adverbial Clause) • I read the book that you bought me. (Adjectival Clause)

  11. Exercise: Identify Phrases/ Clauses and their types • in the garden • while ram was reading the newspaper • birju works at a restaurant • the green box • we don’t live jaipur anymore • extremely hungry right now • has been waiting • if you see mr.gaurav tomorrow • slowly and steadily • whenever i play a video game, it reminds me of my childhood

  12. Exercise: Identify Phrases/ Clauses and their types • in the garden • while ram was reading the newspaper • birju works at a restaurant • the green box • we don’t live jaipur anymore • extremely hungry right now • has been waiting • if you see mr.gaurav tomorrow • slowly and steadily • whenever i play a video game, it reminds me of my childhood Phrase (prep) Clause (dep) Clause (ind) Phrase (noun) Clause (ind) Phrase (adj) Phrase (verb) Clause (dep) Phrase (Adv) Clause (dep), Clause (ind)

  13. Sentences

  14. Types of Sentences: Definition • Simple Sentences – Sentences with an Independent Clause only • Complex Sentences – Sentences that have an Independent Clause and one or more Dependent Clauses • Compound Sentences – Sentences with two Independent Clauses combined with a Conjunction like and/ but/ since etc.

  15. Thank You !! Any Queries/ Doubts??