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Accessing Resources from LDCF and SCCF

Accessing Resources from LDCF and SCCF

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Accessing Resources from LDCF and SCCF

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  1. Accessing Resources from LDCF and SCCF Dr. BonizellaBiagini Head, Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Operations GEF Familiarization Seminar Washington, DC January 17 – 19, 2012

  2. Adaptation and the role of the GEF • Adaptation is the process of reducing the adverse effects of climate change on human and natural systems. It refers to the efforts made to cope with actual change as well as the process of adjusting to expected change. • The UNFCCC requested the GEF to manage the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) in 2001. The priority of these Funds is Adaptation. • TODAY: More than 700 million dollars raised in voluntary donor contributions to the two funds (LDCF and SCCF). Completed spring development in Kebele, Ethiopia (SCCF)

  3. How to access LDCF and SCCF funds? • Consistency with 3 Adaptation strategic objectives: • Reduce vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change – e.g. reduced risks to economic losses through implementation of adaptation measures • Increase adaptive capacity to respond to the impacts of climate change – e.g. within relevant development sectors and natural resources; diversified and strengthened livelihoods and sources of income • Promote transfer and adoption of adaptation technologies –as defined under the Climate Convention (example: SCCF-TT Jordan) • Two step-by-step, user friendly guides developed by GEF Secretariat: • ”Accessing resources under the Least Developed Countries Fund” GEF/LDCF.SCCF.9/5/Rev.1, available at the GEF website • ”Accessing resources under the Special Climate Change Fund” GEF/LDCF.SCCF.9/6/Rev.1 available at the GEF website

  4. LDCF and SCCF LDCF SCCF Available to all developing countries, parties to the Convention Established to support Adaptation and Technology Transfer activities, short and long-term 31 projects approved Available resources = USD $26.4 million (as of 30 November 2011) • Established to address the special needs of LDCs under the Convention • Only existing Fund mandated to finance the preparation and implementation of NAPAs • 48 NAPAs funded already and 47 LDCF projects approved • Available resources = USD $180 million (as of 30 November 2011)

  5. Innovative Features of LDCF/SCCF GEF TRUST FUND: LDCF & SCCF: Additional cost principle NO Global benefits requirement No STAR Existing BAU Financing Higher MSP ceiling for LDCF ($2M) Rolling basis approval for LDCF • Incremental cost • Global benefits • STAR • Co-financing

  6. Additional Cost Principle • The idea that coping with the adverse impacts of climate change imposes an additional cost on vulnerable countries in their effort to achieve their development goals. • Adaptation Benefit: ability to achieve development goals despite a changing climate. • This principle distinguishes those projects from the standard GEF practice which funds on the basis of incremental costs. • Full costs associated with meeting additional costs imposed on the country by effects of CC, are supported by LDCF and SCCF. Youth planting mangroves, Kiribati (SPA and LDCF)

  7. Areas of Intervention: LDCF Food Security and Agriculture drought resistant crop, farming techniques Water Resources Management resilient water infrastructure, rainwater harvesting, micro surface and ground water treatment facilities Disaster Risk Management Integrated disaster risk management strategies, glacial lake outburst floods hazard management Community Based Adaptation forest management, mangrove restoration, alternative livelihoods, strengthened animal health systems Natural Resources Management efficient wood management, ecotourism, fishing around mangroves, renewable energy use Health climate change challenges incorporated into health programs, use of medicinal plants to treat diseases Infrastructure critical infrastructure

  8. List of LDCs

  9. Completed NAPAs – 47 countries

  10. Areas of Intervention: SCCF Water Resources Management drainage and water-saving technologies, increased reservoir capacity through energy efficiency of turbines Agriculture/Land Management drip irrigation, drought and salinity resistant crop varieties Infrastructure Developmentinfrastructure for alternative water sources, e.g. climate resilient roads and harbors Fragile Ecosystems repopulation of coral reefs, buffer zones and biological corridors between vulnerable wetlands Integrated Coastal Zone Management beach reinforcement and nourishment, protection structures (e.g. jetties, groins, breakwaters) Health heat-wave warning systems, surveillance and response for malaria epidemics Disaster Risk Management  early warning systems Cross Cutting Issues information sharing systems to monitor crop choices and contingency crop plans, and pest and disease severity

  11. BAU Co-financing and Adaptation Cost – Irrigation example

  12. Full size project cycle (for LDCF above $2 M and SCCF above $1 M) – 2 STEPS

  13. Medium Size Project Cycle – 2 Options

  14. GEF 5 Programming and Policy Reforms - Summary • A new project cycle of 18 months • Fewer steps in project cycle (council reviews FSPs only at PIF stage) • One template • Multi-trust fund and multi-focal area projects • Programmatic approaches • Direct access (NPFE & convention reports)