Formative vrs SummativeAssessment Sarah Snyder, PhD
Assessment is… This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA-NC
Formative vrsSummativeAssessment • Assessment FOR Learning • Generally low-stakes • To provide feedback to students • Help faculty recognize where students are struggling and address problems immediately • Process-based • Assessment OF Learning • Often high-stakes • Evaluation of student learning at a certain point in time • Compared to standards • Product-based
Why is Formative Assessment Important? • Gives point-of-need feedback to students through activities such as • Writing a summary • “Ticket out” • Answers to procedural questions • Observations of student participation in class • Conferences with students • A concept map in class to represent their understanding of a topic • Student feedback • Can improve summative assessment!
Why is Summative Assessment Important? • Gives the overall effect or “how much” someone has learned. • Can be used to advocate for • Students • Materials needed • Time needed • Other resources • Examples: • Standardized Tests • Exams • Final Essays • Reports • Papers • End-of-Class-Projects
This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA What Types of Assessment Do You Already Do? This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA
Aligning Classroom Assignments and Activities to Measure Outcomes Sarah Snyder, PhD and Eva Aviles
Aligning Measures to Outcomes • How is your measure appropriate for assessing the outcome? • Validity argument • How many times/ways do you assess the same outcome with different measures? • Recommendation from Assessment Office is to use at least two measures per outcome.
This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND Align Your Measures to Your Outcomes Try it on your handout