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Airborne Programme

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  1. Airborne Programme by E. Bailey, Airborne Project Leader EUROCONTROL

  2. Projects • Experimental 4D Flight Management System (EFMS) • Airborne Human Machine Interface (AHMI) • Air/Ground Integration via Data Link

  3. EFMS & AHMI Functionality • EFMS • Prediction of 4D trajectories • Trajectory negotiation with ATC over data link • 4D Guidance • Support advanced Airborne HMI • AHMI • Interactive Navigation Display • Graphical editing of trajectories

  4. Project History • Activities of the Research Establishments • Arrival Managers - CENA, DLR • 4D Descents - DERA • Automated ATC - EEC • Conflict Detection - NLR • Advanced Cockpit Displays - DERA, NLR • GARTEUR Concept • Requirement for Experimental 4D FMS • Birth of PHARE

  5. Difficult points to be resolved1. Generic FMS & AHMI

  6. Difficult points to be resolved2. Software Engineering • Aeronautical engineers  software engineers • Dispersed development sites • Software development tools • Common programming language • Need for software integration team • Software engineers  aeronautical engineers

  7. Difficult points to be resolved3. Integrated ATM ? • Lack of system design • Air, Ground and Comms. projects developed independently • Lack of understanding between players • Air, Ground and Comms. developers incognisant of each others operational requirements, procedures and capabilities

  8. Difficult points to be resolved4. Data Link • Requirement • Flexible, high bandwidth data link • Available • Rigid data structure and protocols + complex data structures for air and ground interfaces + low bandwidth data link = poor performance • Essential to minimise the amount of data transmitted

  9. Success ! • Demonstrated concept of an Air/Ground Integrated ATM system • Demonstrated capability of aircraft to predict, negotiate and fly 4D trajectories • Demonstrated Advanced AHMI concepts • Spin-off to other programmes • FREER Flight • AFMS/AATMS • Avenue

  10. Open issues for the future • Data Link Bandwidth • Current applications for D/L require low/medium bandwidth • Need to define user requirements for the longer term • Benefits of 4D Navigation ? • Time control : Air or Ground ? • Increased capacity and reduced delays ? • Cost? • Implementation Plans • 5 year development + 7 year notification • 2012 earliest

  11. How further work will be undertaken. • Develop close links between Navigation, Communication and ATC domains • CBA • Fast time simulations • Real time simulations • Safety studies • Pre-operational Trials • Arrival & Departure Managers • RNAV procedures in TMA • ARINC 702A developments

  12. Acknowledgements • Scientists/engineers of the R&D Establishments • In Particular • Ronald Verhoeven, NLR - AHMI Project Manager • Reg Harlow, DERA - Major contributor • Bob Maddock, Eurocontrol - EFMS Production Manager • Roland Rawlings, Eurocontrol - Father of the EFMS Project and Airborne Programme

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