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History of Political Parties in the United States

History of Political Parties in the United States

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History of Political Parties in the United States

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  1. History of Political Parties in the United States

  2. The Founding • Federalist and Democratic-Republican • Major disagreement was over the role of the federal government • The Democratic-Republicans eventually controlled the executive branch The Four Eras in political party history

  3. Andrew Jackson benefitted from the removal of property ownership as a requirement to vote • Voting participation increased greatly • Built from the ground up as opposed to leadership down • National conventions were developed to nominate presidential candidates The Jacksonian Era

  4. Slavery, slavery, slavery • Each state tended to be dominated by one party but each party in the state became divided into two groups-Old Guard (conservative) and progressives Civil War and Sectionalism

  5. Politicians had become corrupt especially at the state level. Reformers pushed for changes to allow citizens to have more say. • Initiatives • Referendums • Civil-service reforms to eliminate patronage • Weakening political machines Era of Reform

  6. When a major realignment occurs of a bloc of voters or region shifts from one party to another is called critical or realigning elections Party Realignments

  7. Realigning elections-1860Slavery was key issue • Republicans- gained support in the Northern states • Democrats gained support in the South but not enough support in the populous North to win the electoral votes necessary to win a presidency

  8. Realigning Elections-1896Economics is key issue • Republicans • Industry and business • Hard money • Protective tariffs • Urban interests • East • cities • Democrats • Farmers • Small towns • Low tariffs • Rural interests • West and Midwest • farms

  9. Realignment elections-1932Great Depression was issue • Republicans • Mainly lost people • Democrats • Urban workers (immigrants) • African-Americans • Jewish people • Southern whites

  10. Split tickets- Voting for different parties with different offices • Straight tickets- voting for all offices at one time for one party Party Decline