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Interior Elevations

Interior Elevations

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Interior Elevations

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  1. Interior Elevations

  2. Interior Elevations • Used to describe the finished interior walls of a room • Elevation is based on the floor plan and the directional indicator pointing towards a particular wall are keyed from plan to the elevation • Common residential interior elevations • kitchen walls • fireplace • bathrooms • other cabinet work or built-ins • Commercial projects may show every wall in the interior of the building

  3. Interior Elevations • Common scales, selection depends on amount of detail for the elevation • 1/4” = 1’-0” • 3/8” = 1’-0” • 1/2” = 1’-0” • Templates are commonly stamped for various shapes at these scales, available from plumbing vendors

  4. Interior Elevations • Interior Elevation details usually include • basic structure - cabinets, appliances, window/doors, etc. • notes & dimensions, dimensions are usually in inches only (AIA practice) • electrical cover plates for outlets and switches • base moldings, trims, door/window casings, etc. • some hidden lines & section lines • some elevations will include sectional portions of cabinets • some complex items that cannot be fully shown on the floor plans can be shown in an interior elevation

  5. Interior Elevation Directional Indicators and Drawing Notations • Floor plan will be keyed to each interior elevation with notations (keying symbols) shown below • The arrow indicates the direction of viewing the elevation • Top portion indicates the detail number, lower portion is the sheet the detail is drafted on

  6. Example of Keying Symbols on Plans

  7. Floor Plan Coordination with Interior Elevations • Notations on the floor plan coordinate direction of viewing and each interior elevation • Interior elevations A,B,C,D shown here

  8. Standard Cabinet Dimensions • Lower/Base Kitchen Cabinets general dimensions: • 36” high (floor to top) • 34 1/2” cab height • 24” wide cab • 25”-26” counter top width • 1” to 1 1/2” front lip • 4” high x 3” deep toe kick • back splash - height size will vary, 4”-6” common

  9. Countertop Styles Materials of counter top vary and will be discussed later, some examples shown below: Square Fillet Water-Lip Chamfer

  10. Standard Cabinet Dimensions • Upper/Wall Kitchen Cabinet general dimensions: • 30 - 33” high • 12” to 13” wide • Number of shelves will vary, fixed and adjustable are available • Soffit open or closed • 13”-14” X 12” Soffit{

  11. Pre-Manufactured Cabinet Units • Lots of Manufactures - review their literature for specific unit sizes • Each manufacture has a code system to identify each cabinet unit • Generally width of Units are • greater than 7-1/2” • maximum size of 23” for single door opening • full unit commonly not to exceed 48”, there are exceptions

  12. Standard Cabinet Dimensions • Distance between base and wall cabinet will vary • normally 16” to 18” • Total cabinet vertical distance (variations) • 36+16+32 = 84 = 7’-0” • 36+18+30 = 84 = 7’-0” • Open vs closed soffit (area above wall cabinet is 12” from cabinet to ceiling)

  13. Interior Elevation Technique #1 • Heavy thick outline or profile line to make the elevation standout • Omits the lines of the wall and floor behind the cabinets • Area behind cabinets are not included in the elevation

  14. Interior Elev. Technique #2 • Heavy thick outline or profile line to make the elevation standout • Shows the sections of the cabinets, etc. • Crossing lines to indicate space of cabinets, etc.

  15. Kitchen Elevation Example

  16. Drafting Guidelines for Interior Elevations • 1) Determine true width of interior wall • locate all windows, doors, etc. • 2) Determine wall height • usually 8’ unless vaulted • 3) Draw the outlines of all cabinets, shelves, wardrobes, & plumbing fixtures which are to be built • locate stove, refrigerator, & other appliances more

  17. Drafting Guidelines for Interior Elevations • 4) Select basic Technique • see handout • 5) Draw outlines of varying wall materials • 6) Mark off doors, drawers, shelves, toe space, and soffits • show hinge sides of all cabinet doors (use dash line pointing to the hinge side like casement windows • 7) Draw in all base molding, and door & window trim more

  18. Drafting Guidelines for Interior Elevations • 10) Place all electrical outlets in elevation • 11) Letter all notes & dimensions • 12) Letter titles and coordinate elevation with arrow keys on floor plan • 13) Draw surface material symbols • 14) Profile drawing as per technique

  19. Handout Exercise - Restroom and Interior Elevations Plan • Required: • ADA restroom plan • Draft interior elevations A,B,C,D • Use #1 or #2 technique as given in handout • Completely dimension • Include all needed callouts in plan view • Key plan and coordinate elevations with the floor plan • All dwgs @ 3/8” = 1’-0” • Indicate title and scale under each interior elevation view • Read instructions EXAMPLE KITCHEN PLAN more

  20. Example of Elevation Technique #2 Profile line end

  21. ASSIGNMENT • Sheet A-9 Interior Elevation • Generate enlarged restroom plans • Elevate all walls • Detail counters • Dimension • ADA Compliance • Reference on plan and elevation HINT: Class Architecture