Click here to learn about Other ways People helped the war Click here to learn about Women During World War II Click here for activities Click here to learn about African Americans During World War II Click here to learn about Japanese Americans During the War
How did Women Help? • Near Battle and Near Home! • Women joined the army and became airplane pilots, nurses, and cooks. • Some knew how to send military codes. • Women also worked as mechanics, radio operators and even made weapons for the war. Women also worked at grocery stores until late for other working women who needed to shop after a long day at work!
NEXT Media During World War II, posters and radio urged women to join in the cause of the war.
Women During WWII Media’s Role BACK TO MAIN PAGE Rosie the Riveter How did they Help?
"Do the job he left behind" Click here for Video Rosie the Riveter Rosie The Riveter was the name given to the woman depicted on many of the propaganda( posters). In the most famous one, she is wearing a red and white bandana to cover her hair, and she has rolled back the sleeve of her blue coverall to expose a flexed bicep. The expression on her face was confident and determined. The caption above her head reads, "We Can Do It!" in bold letters.
African Americans During World War II NEXT Before the war, not many factories welcomed African Americans. But they could not afford to practice this kind of discrimination. Factories needed all the workers they could get,
NEXT Many jobs were created for African Americans! Many left the south to find work in the north and west. Sometimes they earned more money than they had ever earned! But sometimes they were still being paid less than white people.
NEXT Black soldiers served in segregated (black only) units. After protests by African American leaders, in 1941, Benjamin O. Davis Jr. and 12 other young African American soldiers began fighter pilot training.
NEXT The soldiers were trained at an army base in Tuskegee, Alabama. The Tuskegee airmen were trained and sent to join the fighting in 1943, with Benjamin O. Davis Jr. in command. They flew thousands of missions around Africa and Europe. Benjamin became the FIRST African American general in the United States Air Force!
More than 1 million African Americans served in the army during WWII. By the end of the war, some were serving in integrated units.(meaning both black and white soldiers served together).
Americans Helping At Home NEXT Rationing With millions of soldiers to be fed, the country also faced food shortages As a result, the government decided to shorten the amount of food each person in the U.S.A could buy.
NEXT Everyone received a certain amount of stamps for meat, dairy, canned vegetables, and other types of food.
NEXT People traded stamps for food. If you ran out of stamps for let’s say butter…that means you will not have butter until the next month!
NEXT Other ways people helped was by planting their “Victory Gardens,” small vegetable gardens that helped increase the amount of food in the country. Victory gardens could be found in people’s backyards or on the rooftops of their apartment buildings
NEXT Americans also helped collect scrap metal to help lessen the shortage of metal in factories Children organized “scrap drives” to collect cans and old cooking pots from their neighbors. Children even donated their toy cars and trucks so the metal could be recycled.
Japanese Americans NEXT Japanese people who lived in the United States were suspected of being the enemy. They were identified with the enemy that attacked Pearl Harbor About 125,000 Japanese people lived in the United States.
NEXT Japanese Americans were forced out of their homes and moved to internment camps around the country.
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NEXT Most Japanese Americans lived in the west coast, so when the war began, many Americans were afraid that they might soon attack the west. Americans feared that the Japanese Americans would help with the attack.
The executive order #9066 was signed by president Roosevelt. This order was the one that allowed the military to remove anybody who was seen as a threat. This was the order that allowed the displacement of the Japanese out of their homes.