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Britain Alone

Britain Alone

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Britain Alone

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  1. Britain Alone

  2. The Battle of Britain • Hitler suggests Britain gives up and leave Europe in Nazi Hands • Churchill vows to never surrender

  3. The Battle of Britain • Hitler needed to invade before winter • Had to conquer England before the U.S. entered the war • Operation Sea Lion- Germans cross the channel into England • Germany needed to control the skies to be successful

  4. The Battle of Britain • Britain prepares to defend themselves • Goering’s war birds exaggerate their success so Germany starts day bombings of British industrial centers. • He then orders the blitz on London

  5. Blitz on London

  6. The Battle of Britain • Germans used delayed action bombs • British formed UXB squads • Battle of Britain comes to a close-Oct. 31, 1940 • Did not completely end • Britain needed to be on guard until the end of the war • Was a disastrous defeat for the Luftwaffe

  7. Battle of Britain • Winston Churchill: • “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”

  8. War Beneath the Waves • Winston Churchill: “The only thing that really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril.”

  9. War Beneath the Waves • Germany had many bases along the Northern Coast of Europe • Used wolfpacks • Allied losses were staggering • President Roosevelt starts the Lend-Lease Program

  10. War Beneath the Waves • Used sonar or asdic as the British called it • Germans invented Pillenwerfer • Shot small gas bubbles which returned a ping and confused the sonar • Also used radar • German Bismark was a feared ship

  11. The Balkans • Hungary and Romania joined the Axis • Hitler takes over Bulgaria • Mussolini (Il Duce) invades in Greece • Greece reluctant to ask for British troops because fear Hitler will invade • End up asking for British assistance

  12. The Balkans • The Greeks surrender and British retreat to island of Crete • Hitler also invades Yugoslavia and takes them over

  13. The Strange Mission of Rudolf Hess • Fled to Scotland on May 10, 1941 • Thought he could bring peace between Germany and Britain