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Tracking Hurricane Sandy

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  1. Tracking Hurricane Sandy Pete Arvedson California Science Conference October 26, 2013 Hosted by Satellite Educators Association

  2. View these video clips: 0508.katrina.mov 121020-31_sandy_life.mov Satellite Educators Association

  3. What did you see? Satellite Educators Association

  4. What would you like to know more about? Satellite Educators Association

  5. Lesson Objectives Observe severe storm action from space ID weather patterns Differentiate wind speed from storm speed Analyze satellite images of storms – ImageJ Analyze storm characteristics – GIS Apply skills to analysis of other storms Satellite Educators Association

  6. Tropical Cyclones • Not like frontal storms • Cyclonic • Require… • Warm ocean water… • At least 26.5˚C (79.7˚F) • To depth at least 50m (164ft) • Slowly rising air Satellite Educators Association

  7. Tropical Cyclones HURRICANE HURRICANE TYPHOON CYCLONE Satellite Educators Association

  8. http://indigenouscaribbean.ning.com/group/archaeologyofthecircumcaribbean/forum/topics/the-ceremonial-taino-petaloidhttp://indigenouscaribbean.ning.com/group/archaeologyofthecircumcaribbean/forum/topics/the-ceremonial-taino-petaloid Huracán • Taino people • Puerto Rico • Thunder and deluge caused by matriarch’s male attendants • Columbus lost ships to huracán • Notice Taino symbol for storm Satellite Educators Association

  9. Hurricane • Slowly rising • Warm • Moistened • Air • Circles • Drawing more energy from warmer-than-usual water http://visibleearth.nasa.gov Satellite Educators Association

  10. Hurricane http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hurricanes/archives/2012/h2012_Sandy.html Horizontal bands of rain form arms of spiral Satellite Educators Association

  11. Hurricane Eye http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Hurricanes/hurricanes_2.php • Cooler air drawn down thru center • Relatively calm clean air • Eyewall – most destructive • Wind direction same as storm’s forward motion Satellite Educators Association

  12. Saffir-Simpson Scale for Hurricanes Satellite Educators Association

  13. Billion Dollar Storms • Chris Dolce – The Weather Channel… • 1900-early August 2011  27 “billion dollar storms” • 8 of the “top ten” occurred since 2004 • 7 surpassed $10 billion mark.. • 6 of those 7 occurred since 2004 • 3 rank in $10-$20 billion range… • Ivan & Charley (2004) & Rita (2005) • 3 rank in $20-$30 billion club • Andrew (1992), Wilma (2005), Ike (2008) • 1 at $108 billion damage – Katrina (2005) • Hurricane Sandy – 2nd place at $65 billion in damage Satellite Educators Association

  14. Jigsaw Expert Groups • Data Miners • NHC Advisory Archive data to csv • Cartographers • Display/manipulate csv data in GIS • Meteorologists • Research Hurricane Sandy characteristics and behavior online • Analysts • Measure Hurricanes Sandy & Katrina with ImageJ Satellite Educators Association

  15. Expert 1: Data Miners National Hurricane Center Past Advisory Archive http://www.nhc.noaa.gov Satellite Educators Association

  16. Expert 2: Catographers ESRI’s ArcGIS Explorer Online http://bit.ly/1tkevgO Satellite Educators Association

  17. Expert 3: Meteorologists Hurricane Sandy research using NASA hurricane archives http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hurricanes/archives/2012/h2012_Sandy.html Satellite Educators Association

  18. Expert 4: Analysts • Measure cloud fields of Hurricanes Katrina & Sandyusing ImageJ… • Diameter • Perimeter • Area Satellite Educators Association

  19. Sandy vs. Katrina Satellite Educators Association

  20. Home Teams • Expert reports • Compare… • Hurricane Sandy • Hurricane Katrina • Using ArcGIS Explorer Online http://bit.ly/1tkevgO Satellite Educators Association

  21. Extend Use suggestions from printed lesson plan Note learners’ questions during the lesson and encourage learners to devise a plan for and follow through an investigation of one or more of those questions. Satellite Educators Association

  22. National Science Education Standards • Grades K-4: • Physical Science – Position & Motion of Object • Earth & Space Science – Changes in Earth and Sky • Grades 5-8: • Science as Inquiry • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry • Understandings about scientific inquiry • Physical Science – Motion and Forces • Earth & Space Science – Structure of the Earth System • Science in Personal & Social Perspectives • Grades 9-12: • Science as Inquiry • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry • Understandings about scientific inquiry • Science in Personal & Social Perspectives Satellite Educators Association

  23. Next Generation Science Standards • Grade 4: Earth & Space Science • Natural Hazards –- 4-ESS3-2 • Grade 5: Earth’s Systems • Earth Materials and Systems -- 5-ESS2-1 • Grades 6-8: Earth’s Systems • The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes – MS-ESS2-5 • Weather and Climate –- MS-ESS2-6 • Natural Hazards – MS-ESS3-2 • Grades 9-12: Earth’s Systems • The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes – HS-ESS2-5 • Weather and Climate – HS-ESS2-4 • Grades 9-12: Earth and Human Activity • Natural Hazards – HS-ESS3-1 Satellite Educators Association

  24. Contact Information Satellite Educators Association… http://SatEd.org Pete Arvedson… SEA.Research@SatEd.org SEA Newsletter (online)… http://SatEd.org SEA Lesson Plan Library (free online)…http://SatEd.org/library/ SEA’s M.Y. S.P.A.C.E.* Program - K-12 international environmental research collaborative program using satellite-based data… http://SatEd.org/MYSPACE/ *(Multinational Youth Studying Practical Applications of Climatic Events) Satellite Educators Association