Personal Safety Glencoe Teen Health (2) Chapter 15 Lesson 1 - Preventing Injury (pp. 472-474) Lesson 3 - Staying Safe Outdoors (pp. 480-485) Lesson 5 - Giving First Aid (p. 493-502)
Personal Safety • Description • This unit will cover safety and emergency procedures for home and outdoors. Topics will include the accident chain, weather emergencies, cyber safety, emergency procedures for home fires, treatment of burns, heat related illnesses, first aid for choking, bleeding, and poisoning.
Personal Safety • Essential Questions • What does it mean to be safety conscious? • How does knowing first aid help you to be prepared?
Personal Safety • Enduring Understanding • Many accidents can be avoided by being safety conscious and paying attention to your surroundings. • Safety in the neighborhood includes avoiding trouble and being aware of danger. • Knowing basic first aid can help you be prepared in case of emergencies. • Serious injuries, such as fractures and third-degree burns, require immediate medical attention.
Personal Safety • Vocabulary • abdominal thrust • CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) • first degree burn • third degree burn • rescue breathing
Personal Safety Projects • Day 10 Hand out: In my Opinion and Discuss answers • Divide into groups and choose a topic from the hat • Discussionof topics and how to execute the project • Day 11 in lab typing and looking for images • Day 12 lab to finish typing/work day finishing up • Day 13 Last touches (5minutes) and presenting • Day 14 Finish presenting, while presenting each group will take 5 facts on each presentation as their exit slip (1 point for each fact) and after we will discuss Fire Escape Plan
Fire Escape Plan Homework • Day 15 • You are a volunteer fire fighter. You need to make a diagram of your home, a fire escape plan and two ways to exit safely from two specific rooms. In your diagram, you need to label where your smoke alarm, carbon monoxide alarm, fire extinguisher, and first aid kit are located. Also, have a family discussion and determine your central meeting place located some where outside the home. After your escape route and meeting place is established meet with your family to practice the two escape routes. • Constructed response • How can knowledge of first aid procedures be the difference in life or death? • Why is it important to understand the procedures for weather emergencies?
Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner • safetyconscious Potential sources of danger • hazards • accidentalinjuries Injuries caused by unexpected events
Safety First • Accidents do happen, but you can prevent many of them. When you stay safe and avoid accidents, you help yourself and those around you stay healthy. The highest numberof teen deaths occurin auto accidents. 85,000 people die fromaccidental injuriesevery year.* *According to the National Safety Council
Safety First The first step in staying safe is to be safety conscious. safety conscious Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner It’s easier to prevent injuries than to treat them.
Safety First Pay attention to your surroundings and look for hazards around you. hazards Potential sources of danger Avoid or fix possible hazards.
Safety First Keep your environment safe to help prevent accidental injuries. accidental injuries Injuries caused by unexpected events Avoid or fix possible hazards.
Responsibility When you put your belongings in their proper place, they’re not in the way, so they’re less likely to cause accidents. Putting away clothes and equipment also helps cut down on clutter.
How Accidental Injuries Happen If you think about the last accident you had, you can probably see the accident chain that led up to it. The Unsafe Habit The Unsafe Action The Situation The Accident The Result
Breaking the Accident Chain Change thesituation. Change theunsafe habit. Change theunsafe action. Accidentprevented. =
Lesson 1 Review Thinking Critically ApplyBeth has always had a bookshelf on the wallnext to her bed. Now that she is taller, the bookshelfhas become a problem. In fact, this year, Beth hasbumped her head on the shelf three times. What shouldshe do to be safer? What are three ways to break theaccident chain?
A person who travels on foot • pedestrian
In this lesson, you will learn to • describehow to stay safe on the roads. • describehow to stay safe in your neighborhood. • identifyways to stay safe in hot and cold weather. • accessvalid information about drowning prevention. • describehow to be safe in and around water. • explainsafety measures for hiking and camping.
Helmet Pedestrian safety Bicycle safety Yes Compare and Contrast Create a chart like the one shown here. As you go through the lesson, use the chart to note similarities and differences between pedestrian and bicycle safety.
Safety on Foot Ever since you learned to walk, you have been a pedestrian. pedestrian A person who travels on foot
Safety on Foot When walking on theroad, walk on the sideof the road and faceoncoming traffic. Walk on sidewalkswhen you can. Look both waysseveral times beforecrossing the street.Listen for traffic. Make sure a driver cansee you when you cross in front of a vehicle.Make eye contact Cross in crosswalkswhen they areavailable. When walking at night,take a well-lit route.Wear reflective clothing. Do not talk on a cellphone or wearheadphones.
Safety on Wheels Wear a helmet. Wear wrist guards,elbow, knee pads,and light gloves. Follow yourcommunity’s rules. When skating,learn how to stopand fall safely.
Safety on Wheels Before You Ride A Bike: Check the seat and handle bars to make sure they are secure. Make sure tires are inflated correctly and are not too worn. Use reflectors to help drivers see you. Make sure your bike is the right size for you. Use a light when riding at night.
Safety on Wheels When Riding A Bike: Stay alert. Obey all traffic laws. Ride with the flow of traffic. Ride single file when riding in a group. Learn hand signals and use them before you turn. Avoid riding in bad weather and control your speed.
Citizenship Obeying traffic laws while you are walking or riding a bike is a sign of citizenship. It is also preparation for the traffic laws you will need to obey while driving.
Safety in Vehicles • Always wear a seatbelt. • Small children should ride in the backseat. • Airbags can protect adults, but hurt small children. • Don’t bother the driver of a school bus. • When you get off a bus, make sure all drivers around the bus can see you clearly. • Cooperate with the bus driver in an emergency.
Neighborhood Safety • Don’t travel alone at night. • Tell a parent or guardian where you are going and when you will be home. • Walk in well-lit places. • Leave expensive items at home. • Carry identification. • Carry a cell phone, money, or a calling card.
Neighborhood Safety • Be aware! • Notice the people around you and what they are doing. • Move away from anyone who makes you feel uncomfortable.
Neighborhood Safety • Know how to get help! • If someone tries to touch you or hurt you, scream and get away any way you can. • Run to the nearest public or safe place. • Find someone who can help you. • Call 911. • Explain what happened to anyone who can help.
Safety at Play Take a buddy or two. Stay aware. Know your limits. Use good judgment. Warm up and cool down.
Hot Weather Safety Tips • If you feel dizzy, out of breath, or have a headache, take a break. • Keep cool by drinking lots of water. • Rest in the shade when you can.
Hot Weather Safety Tips • Signs of heat exhaustion include: • Cold, clammy skin • Dizziness • Nausea • Signs of heatstroke include: • Increase in body temperature • Difficulty breathing • Loss of consciousness
Water Safety Follow all posted safety rules. Swim only when a lifeguard or trusted adult is present. Swim with a buddy. Don’t swim if you are too tired or cold. Watch for signs of storms. Never swim in water with strong currents. Don’t dive in water that is less than 9 feet deep. Don’t let young children near the water unless you are watching carefully.
Hiking and Camping Safety Never camp or hike alone. Know where you are. Dress properly. Know the plants and animals. Check your equipment. Use fire responsibly.
Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere • weatheremergencies A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground • tornado A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea • hurricane A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 milesper hour • blizzard
A sudden and dangerous drop in bodytemperature • hypothermia A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surface • earthquake Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake • aftershocks
In this lesson, you will learn to • describethe different types of weather emergencies and natural disasters. • listsafety measures to take during a weather emergency or natural disaster. • practicehealthful behaviors by preparing an emergency supplies kit.
Predicting Skim the headings, figures, photos and captions in this lesson. Then jot down two questions that you think might be answered in the lesson. Headings in this Lesson • What Are Weather Emergencies? • Tornadoes • Hurricanes • Blizzards • Thunderstorms and Lightning • What Are Natural Disasters? • Floods • Earthquakes
What Are Weather Emergencies? People cannot prevent weather emergencies. weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere The National Weather Service (NWS) sends out bulletins in the form of storm watches and storm warnings.
What Are Weather Emergencies? Satellites and computers help scientists predict the paths of storms. Television and the Internet help warn the public of danger.
Tornadoes A tornado is a type of weather emergency. tornado A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground Tornados are most common in the Midwest and states nearest to the Gulf of Mexico. This region is known as “Tornado Alley.”
Tornadoes If A Tornado Is Happening Where to Go What to Do Go to a cellar or basement. Cover yourself with whateverprotection you can find. If you cannot get underground, go to a windowless room or hallway. Get under heavy furniture, in abathtub, or under a mattress. If you are outside, lie in a ditch orflat on the ground. Stay where you are. The stormwill pass quickly.
Hurricanes Each hurricane has a center, or eye, where the weather conditions are calm. hurricane A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea The strong winds of a hurricane come from the swirling cloud mass that surrounds it.
Hurricanes If A Hurricane Is Happening Board up windows and doors. Bring inside items that the wind could smash into houses. Evacuate, or leave the area, immediately if the NWS tells you to do so. If no evacuation is called for, stay indoors away from windows and doors.
Hurricanes This is an imagetaken of a hurricane.The NWS usessatellite technologyto forecast the direction of storms.
Blizzards A blizzard can last anywhere from an hour or two to several days. blizzard A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hour During a blizzard, always stay inside.
Blizzards Hypothermia can shut down your body’s systems, so they stop functioning properly. hypothermia A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature Hypothermia can lead to death.
Blizzards If A Blizzard Is Happening Get inside and stay inside. When outside, keep your head, face, and body covered and warm. If you are in a car, pull over to the side of the road, and turn on the flashers.
Thunderstorms and Lightning Lighting is a dramatic and dangerous side effect of thunderstorms. Florida leads the United States in the number of lightning storms that happen each year.
Thunderstorms and Lightning If A Thunderstorm Is Happening Stay inside or seek shelter as soon as possible. Unplug electrical appliances and computers. Be prepared for power loss. Avoid using the telephone. If you are outside, crouch low to the ground and stay away from electrical poles and wires, tall trees, water, and metal objects.