Balanced Scorecard Program Lia Torre Terri Leofsky Tory Kindlick Yoftahe Zewdu Iyolo Mabila Rachel Katz
Company History • Current company chairman, Leonard Riggio, started as a clerk at the NYU bookstore. • Started his own competing book store in 1965 • In the 1970s acquired the declining flagship Barnes & Noble trade name and flagship bookstore in Manhattan. • Within a few years, Mr. Riggio transformed the Fifth Avenue store into "The World’s Largest Bookstore," with 150,000 textbook and trade titles.
Company Overview Nation’s largest bookstore As of January 31, 2009 operated 778 bookstores and 1 website. Employs 37,000 full and part time employees Each store features 60,000-200,000 unique titles BN.com does 10% of total sales Annual 2008 Sales 5.121 Billion
Company Operations The company’s operations consist of: • retail bookselling • college bookstore management • online retailing • book publishing
Company Mission Our mission isto operate the best specialty retail business in America, regardless of the product we sell. Because the product we sell is books, our aspirations must be consistent with the promise and the ideals of the volumes which line our shelves. To say that our mission exists independent of the product we sell is to demean the importance and the distinction of being booksellers. As booksellers we are determined to be the very best in our business, regardless of the size, pedigree or inclinations of our competitors. We will continue to bring our industry nuances of style and approaches to bookselling which are consistent with our evolving aspirations. Above all, we expect to be a credit to the communities we serve, a valuable resource to our customers, and a place where our dedicated booksellers can grow and prosper. Toward this end we will not only listen to our customers and booksellers but embrace the idea that the Company is at their service.
Competitive Landscape 1) Amazon.com, Inc. 2) Books-A-Million, Inc. 3) Borders Group, Inc. Industries Where Barnes & Noble, Inc. Competes • Music, Video, Book & Entertainment Retail • Nonresidential construction, nec • Media • Clay, Ceramic, And Refractory Minerals • Publishing • Retail
Financial Perspective Goals Measures Customer Perspective Operations Perspective Goals Measures Goals Measures Innovation Perspective Goals Measures The Balanced Scorecard How do we look to owner’s? In which activities must we excel? How do customers see us? How can we continue to improve?
Customer Perspective Mission: “We expect to be a credit to the communities we serve, a valuable resource to our customers, and a place where our dedicated booksellers can grow and prosper. Toward this end we will not only listen to our customers and booksellers but embrace the idea that the Company is at their service.” Goals: 1) Industry Leader in Book Retailing 2) Maintain “Community Store” concept
Customer Perspective Objectives: Increase Customer Retention Measure: Increase in returning customers online and in retail locations Target: 80% of customers are repeat Initiatives: Provide excellent customer service and an outstanding customer experience either online or at retail locations.
Customer Perspective Objective: Increase Customer Loyalty Measure: More new customers in loyalty program Target: 20% more Initiatives: Get customers to sign up for loyalty program by giving them 10% off their order/purchase when they sign up
Customer Perspective Objective: Maintain strong sense of Customers’ changing needs Measure: Number of online surveys filled out Target: 1,000 surveys completed per country Initiatives: Incentives customers to provide insight as to how B&N can be of better service
Customer Perspective Objective: Increase internet presence to add value and convenience for customers Measure: Increase number of visitors to website Target: Increase number of visitors from 365 Million to 450 million Initiatives: Drive customers to website using affiliate marketing tactics, giving customers free shipping on their online orders, presenting in-store customers with coupons valid on internet purchases only, offering customers special information only available on the web (info about in store events, coupons,
Financial Perspective In 2008: No debt on the balance sheet $282 million cash on hand Comparable sales down 5.4% After tax earnings of $76 million
Financial Perspective Objective: Continue to exit small stores in the malls and sign shorter leases then competitors Target: To increase sales per square foot Measure: Sales per total square feet year over year Initiative: Continue Real Estate Strategy, Continue to relocate stores at end of terms to higher potential locations
Financial Perspective Objective: Continue to increase sales by department (return to 2007 levels) Measure: OBY department sales increase; particularly the children’s department Target: Increase category by 5% year over year Initiative: Increase promotional activities within the children’s department; Direct mailing; Online mailings; Create book blogs and online book clubs
Financial Perspective Objective: Increase B&N.com Financials Measure: Increase B&N.com sales Target: Increase sales by 7% (Half of Growth from 06 to 07) Initiative: Advertising within the store, Increase online promotions
Financial Perspective EVA = Investment center’s after-tax operating income – Investment Charge EBITA(1-Tax Rate) = After-tax operating income 143,331(1-.394) = 86,859 (Total Assets – Current Liabilities) x WACC = Investment Charge (2,993,888-1,475,675) = 1,518,213
Internal Operations Objective: Improve employee productivity Measure: units sold per hour, revenue per employee Target: Increase by X % Initiative: Motivate employees to perform at a higher level of productivity through incentive programs.
Internal Operations Objective: Improve inventory management Measure: inventory turnover Target: Initiative: Continued improvement of supply chain system to reduce inventories
Internal Operations Objective: Reduce order-to-delivery cycle time for online orders Measure: Average order-to-delivery time Target: Initiative: Decrease cycle time to get books in customers hands quicker.
Internal Operations Objective: Increase Barnes & Noble.com sales Measure: Increase percentage of total sales from Barnes & Noble.com yearly sales Target: Increase Barnes & Noble.com sales by 3% Initiative: Create incentives for customers to shop online instead of in-store
References • http://news.cnet.com/Borders,-Barnes--Noble-take-separate-paths-to-profits/2100-1017_3-245231.html
Financial Perspective In March of 2009, B&N acquired Fictionwise, a leader in the e-book marketplace. They paid $15,700 cash.
Financial Perspective Objective: Increase profitability of Fiction wise Measure: ROI - Return on Investment Target: 15% Initiative: Release of the nook, pricing discounts, advertising on website, in-store advertising
Real Estate Strategy Exit small mall stores Sign shorter leases then competitors • Outcome: Sales per square foot lead the industry
Financial Perspective Objective: Increase Sales by B&N club members Measure: Year over year sales by card holders Target: Increase sales by 5% Initiative: Increase membership focus on website; Increase member-only promotions