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CAREER EPISODE 1
I. Introduction
CE1.1 My first project experience is a project that I did while working at Qatar Building Company (QBC) when I worked as the Technical Engineer in the Estimation Department. The project was to prepare a sewer drainage line for the Public Works Authority, (PWA), also known as ASHGHAL. We had participated in the tendering process and won the tender. I worked on this project between June 2014 to December 2015.The project was located at Najma District in Doha Qatar in Zone 26. The Project entailed upgrading of the existing sewerage network in Najma area which involved the removal and replacement of 19.5km pipelines (200Ø - 1200Ø). My assignment was to design the project and ensure the sewer was flowing uninterrupted.
II. Background
CE1.2 This project was awarded to rehabilitate the Existing Sewers within Doha by the ASHGHAL or the Public Works Authority, (PWA), who were the client. The project was divided into four sections namely Najma-Al Hilal(Package A) Al Arab-Al Kharaib (Package B).The other section was Najma-Al Hilal Sub (Package C) and Al Arab-Al Kharaib (Package D). The project involved the design of the main lines and branches to ensure it was allowing the flow and at the same time it was capable of handling the volume generated in central Doha. I worked on the design, implementation, and commissioning of the project.

CE1.3 The goal of this project was to increase the capacity of the existing sewer so that it could serve several households. It was to replace the current new work with bigger diameter pipes that could allow the flow through gravitational force. This entailed excavating the trench and giving it gently gradient to allow the flow of waste water. The other objective of the project was to ensure the project was completed on time within the design specifications that was communicated by the ASHGHAL. The last objective of the project was to carry out the plan and commission it on time since it was overdue and it had been delayed previously. Below is the organizational structure that was used to manage the implementation of this project.


Figure 1: Organization structure.
CE1.4 Below is the statement of my duties as the Technical Engineer.
• Designing of the sewer lines that included determination of the right diameter, the gradient of the pipe, velocity among other parameters.
• Advice on the best route for the pipeline to serve more areas as much as possible.
• I was responsible for the preparation of the documents and other logistics in the project to ensure the success.
• I participated in brainstorming of the project after I encountered some challenges.
• I made sure safety, environmental and ethical issues was followed at the site to the later.
• I interacted with the suppliers on economic issues related to the supply of the raw materials needed for the site.

III. Personal Engineering Activity.
CE1.5 After winning the tender to rehabilitate the existing sewer within Doha C763/2, I started the implementation plan, by review the contract the contract details and preparing the most important points that were captured in it. I also assembled a strong team of engineers and technicians who further helped me in the mobilization of the resources like means of transport, excavator among others. Then I went through the standards and codes like the BS 5911-1 and BS EN 1916 that were relevant to the use of the concrete pipes. I organized a meeting with my team before moving to the site ready to execute the project.
CE1.6 After the start of the project, I collected the information that was essential for the design work that included the geomorphology and ground topography of the areas where the sewer was to pass through. The other information that I collected from the owners of the sewer line was the projected volume of the sewage generated by the household that was gathered to the line. I organized all the data and came up with the implementation plan before calling the meeting to discuss the execution plan. I also reviewed the expectation of the client with my team members regarding the quality of the work and milestones that were to be delivered.

CE1.7 I started the design work by identifying the best route for the main line followed by the sublines connecting the households to the main line. I also identified the location of the Underground obstructions like the power lines and water pipes. I then requested for the permission from the relevant authorities for the leeway since I didn't want to interpret existing amenities. The enabled free flow of the waste water through the pipes, and I designed the suitable gradient that allowed Natural flow. The calculations that I did during this design was the determination of the gradient or slope.
CE1.8 Also, I determined the cross-sectional are of the pipes that I used for the sewer lines. The design was to ensure that it was able to a serve the volume generated from the sources. I used a combination of differential equations to solve this challenge. I used the relationship between the cross-sectional area of the pipe, flow velocity, and flow rate. I further used the Manning equation to determine the speed of flow. Below are the equations.
Q = AV
V = (1.49/n) [(D/4)2/3] (S1/2) (Manning equation)
Q = (Ï€D2/4) V = (1.49/n) (Ï€D2/4) [(D/4)2/3] (S1/2).
Where

V= storm water flow velocity
D = storm sewer pipe diameter
S= storm sewer gradient
n = roughness coefficient of pipe
CE1.9 The next design that I did on the project was the determination of the diameter of the sewerage pipe for the mainline and the connections to the individual households. I had selected the concrete pipes due to its strength and the ease of installation. I determined the peak flow rate of the sewer to ensure that it was able to handle wastewater that was being generated. I used below equations to determine the peak flow rates
Pmax/min.t=(Pmax/minhr-t-avghr) (Pi-avgd)
Where;
Pmax/minhr-t-avghr=(Qmax/minhr.-tQavg-hr)
(Qmax/minhr.-t) = the average flow during a duration (t) hours
Qavg-hr = the average hourly flow for that day of record.
CE1.10 I encountered the challenge when I was doing the excavation of the trench to lay down the concrete pipes where I found there was a lot of the underlying cables and the asbestos pipes. Besides, I discovered that the existing roads in the area where pipes were passing were not wide enough. Some of the areas were also narrow for the passage of the excavator that I was using. Therefore, I did analysis and discussed with my team where I proposed the hand excavation of this areas. The process was slow, but at least it was preferable because of the existing infrastructure.
CE1.11 I completed excavation then removed and replaced approximately 2.5km trunk sewer gravity mains comprising VC pipelines (300mm Ø – 1000mm Ø) and associated manholes. I also did the replacement of 1km trunk sewer gravity mains that consisted of the GRP pipelines with diameters of 1000mm and 1200mm and utility holes on this section. Finally, I did the test run with water before filling back the top soil that I had excavated with my team I also reinstated the landscaping, paving blocks and asphalt.
CE1.12 To easy the installation work, I innovatively choose reinforced concrete pipes that were one-meter-long, and it had a socket on one end. This made it easy for installation and lifting them in place. The assembling method was the socket connections and did not require any particular joining method as compared if the PVC pipes were used. This innovative approach reduced the sewer line installation time
CE1.13 The useful software that I used in the project was the AFT Fathom, which is system modeling and pipe flow analysis software. I used to this software to calculated the flow distribution and pressure drops in the pipeline. Furthermore, the software was usefully when I was analyzing the distribution of wastes in the pipe. The software eased my work and improved on the accuracy of the project.
CE1.14 With other members, I was able to work towards completing this task on time. The implementation team that I led consisted of both engineers and technicians. I consulted a senior technical engineer when I encountered some challenges in my projects and when I was participating in the tendering process. The other person who was worked closely was the quantity surveyors who were responsible for the BOQ for the project. I organized meetings on regular basis with the team to review the progress of the projects.
CE1.15 My other responsibility as the team leader in the project was the preparation of the projects documentations for records keeping and as the mode of communication. I used the English language on this project to avoid language barriers because workers in the project were from different ethnic background. The documents that I prepared included the tender documents, project progress reports, weekly reports among others. I also did the presentation of this documents to my supervisor before it was approved for circulation.
CE1.16 As the team leader in the project, I participated in making a decision that helped in reducing the cost of the project or at least working as per the budget. Therefore, from the start of the project, I developed my budget and came with some ways of reducing the cost by maximizing the productivity of every worker. This saved on the salaries and allowance that was paid to the casual Labour on site.
CE1.17 With my project management skills, I was able to ensure all the plans went on through the project implementation time. I also used the traffic master plan when the was excavation near the road where the sewer line was passing through. I had developed the implementation plan that guided me in the budget and the millstones that were to be achieved at every stage of the project.
CE1.18 At the time of the project implementation, I applied my skills in fluid mechanics to do the project. I also participated in the training that was offered by the company. The training was on simulation and how to lay pipes on the trenches using lifting machines. I also had some discussions with the senior members in the company who they shared their experiences in piping work. Lastly, I researched on my own whenever I encountered the challenge that was related to the project.
CE1.19 I understood the importance of taking safety while implementing the project because it could cause adverse impacts to both implementation team, environment, and tools. We used the lift tools instead of manually lifting because of dangers in the back injuries. The other safety precaution that I took was to use protective equipment like safety boots and gloves. I also followed the user operation manuals for the lifting tools that we were using at the site to avoid damages and associated injuries.
IV. Summary
CE1.20 I completed this project on time and gained tremendous engineering experiences concerning team leadership and technical knowledge. I managed to lead the implementation team from beginning up to completion. Therefore, I achieved the goals of the project that included upgrading of the pipeline and completing it within the planned time. I played a significant role in the project from the beginning where I did the design, coordinated the implementation and commissioning. In the end, all the members of my team and management were happy with the way I implemented the project successfully.
CAREER EPISODE 2
I. Introduction
CE2.1 The second project discussion is my Engineering experience that I acquired while working as the Technical Engineer at Qatar Building Company (QBC). This project was the participation in the construction of the Al Otouriyah / Al Jemailya / Al Shihaniyah Road (P019) where I performed the Soil test that I will elaborate on the project. I worked and delivered this project within 18 months between November 2014 to May 2016.The project was located in the central region of the Qatar, where 28.7km of Rural Arterial road from Al Shihaniyah to Al Jemailya via Al Otouriyah. My responsibility was to perform the soil test that enables the determination of the amount of compaction and the to check whether the soil was able to current the maximum required loads.
II. Background
CE2.2 Qatar Building Company (QBC) is the market leader in civil engineering and building, and it was awarded the contracted to construct by road by ASHGHAL or the Public Works Authority of Qatar government, (PWA). The project was the design, and its implementation monitor by ASHGHAL. The road was divided into two sections namely 18.8 Km between Al Otouriyah and Al Jemailya. The second section was the 12.6Km between Al Shihaniyah to Al Otouriyah. The project that I did this construction work was the earthwork where I perform the various soil test to ensure compaction was done well. I implemented the project and made recommendations as per the test results.

CE2.3 The goal of my engagement on this project was to upgrade the existing two-lane single carriageway (1 1) to a four-lane dual carriageway (2 2). There was also a provision of the cycle lanes that was reserved for future expansion to six carriageways (3 3) lanes. Because of the scope of the project, I participated in the earthworks that involved compaction and testing the strength. The objectives of the compaction soil test were to verify the strength of the road base the before the paving to make sure it was able to carry design loads. The other aim was to advise on the mixing combination in areas that did not yield the required test. The last goal of the project was to make sure the road was done as per the codes and standards that were mentioned in the project contract.



Figure 1: The organization chart used
CE2.4 Below are the roles and responsibilities that I was assigned as the Technical Engineer.
• Participated in the design of the road especially the stabilization of the base foundation.
• I did the soil compaction test and advice the earthworks team where necessary.
• I was part of the project planning team where I came with the implementation plans and ways of mitigating challenges that I encountered in my line of duty.
• I did the compaction test calculations where I was able to determine important test parameters that helped me in making the informed decision.
• As the team leader in the soil compaction test, I prepared and presented various documents to the stakeholders.
• I ensured safety was maintained at the workstation and ensured the dust was not affecting the surrounding environment.



III. Personal Engineering Activity.
CE2.5 We moved to the site after the company won the contract and after completing all the logistics work. To understand the project, I went through the contract that specified the scope and the timeframe for the project. Besides, I went through the applicable codes and standards that were mentioned in the contract that includes the standards as per ASHGHAL. Also, the California Bearing Ratio (CBR) that I did was as per the AASHTO T193, D4429 and D1883-05. After assembly my team I met with the Engineering manager who we discussed what was expected of me as the person who was responsible for the soil compaction testing.
CE2.6 Before I started the project, I listed down the details of the information that I wanted to initiate the implementation of the project. Some of the information was the test method that was expected, the reporting structure concerning conveying data for the purpose of action among other. The technician whom we worked together collected samples randomly from the road sections that had been compacted. Lastly, I organized meeting with my team members who we discussed the testing procedure that I adopted.

CE2.7 The first Engineering work that I did while constructing the road was to ensure the road foundation was done correctly. The road foundation was done by mixing deferent soil mixture and compacting using a roller to form layers. To ensure that the compaction was done properly I did the soil test using various methods. I instructed compaction to be done until the required compacted soil was achieved. The soil compaction test that I used were sand cone method, California Bearing Ratio, and the Soil Permeability.

CE2.8 While doing the California Bearing Ratio, I determined the quality of strength of the soil that was to form the base of the soil. I also measured the thickness of the base compacted soil and the layer. I performed this test by using a plunger with the standard area and measuring the pressure required to penetrate the soil. I then divided the measured pressure with the required pressure to achieve equal penetration on the norm crushed rock material. Below is the formula
CBR = F/Fo
where
F = force needed to penetrate a soil mass.
F0 = force necessary for the penetration as per the standard material.

CE2.9 The other test that I did was the sand cone method and the Soil Permeability to ensure that the compaction process was done well. The purpose of the sand cone method was to determine the field density. For the ground permeability test, I used Darcy’s law as shown below.
V = kiA
where
V = Flow rate cm3 /s,
A = cross-sectional area of soil conveying flow, cm2
k = permeability Coefficient

CE2.10 After completion of the compaction of the base soil, and ensuring the road could sustain the design loads. We lay down the asphalt pavement in that contained approximately 313200-ton asphaltic concrete followed by 244,224-ton Polymer Modified Bitumen asphalt in various layer thicknesses. The other part of the road that we did was the pavement where interlocking blocks was used. Besides, the streets light was erected. We also made the road making and built the road signs to guide drivers while navigating the new path. We commissioned the project with my team and client after completing all the work that was stated in the contract.

CE2.11 I encountered a technical challenge when I was preparing the granular road base layers and sub base whereby on doing the laboratory test I found that the materials did not meet the stipulated sand equivalent ratio that was 25. After researching for the best solution, I discussed with the quality manager and agreed to do different mix gradations, and I also added the Gabbro aggregate fines that helped in meeting the proposed mix in of sand equivalent ratio. In the end, I managed to achieve the equivalent sand ratio of 32 that was good enough for the project.
CE2.12 To improve the quality delivery, I tried to be creative by following the company IMS Policy when I was working with subcontractors’ also followed the Quality & HSE to ensure the quality was maintained. On the design work, I made the decision to use three different compaction test methods to improve the reliability of the results and reduce the chances of the errors that are associated with soil compaction test. I also did the test on the rolling basis to ensure we deliver results on time without any delay.
CE2.13 I leveraged on latest technology during the execution of this project regarding tools that I was using. For example, I used GEOSYSTEM programs software that helped me in plotting boring log, and the test pit logs that helped me in reducing the time taken in reporting test results for the geotechnical test. The software also helped me in the analysis of the cement products and concrete test results. This program supported the AASHTO, ASTM, and ACI standards.

CE2.14 I was a member of a team during the implementation of the roads construction works, and I was appointed the team leader when we were doing the road compaction test. As the team leader, I helped in guiding the technicians on how the test was performed. As the team leader, I maintained the flow of communication and gave the feedback to the management who lead the road construction works. We also worked together with subcontractors who were suppliers of the raw materials where we regularly discussed on the delivery lead times.

CE2.15 As the team leader in the compaction soil test, I was tasked with the production of different types of reports that I share with the client and the company head office. These reports were important because it determined the compaction required which is normally associated with the cost. The other documents that I prepared with my team included the analysis reports, weekly progress report among others. The language that I used on this documents was English since that was the official communication language at the site.

CE2.16 I made the economical decision during the implementation of this project because I always interacted with the suppliers of the soil compaction equipment. I always when for the most affordable but reliable option regarding hardware and test. Besides, as the team leader, I negotiated the project manager to allow my time work extra few hours to cover lost time. This reduced the overall cost of the project since it was billed as per the number of days spent at the site.
CE2.17 Project management was a core part of the project because without it tracking of the progress could not have been possible. There with my skills in project management, I was able to plan the section that I was working on in the road project. I came with the work breakdown structure where I disintegrated all the soil testing procedure into subtask that I allocated my team members enabling me to monitor and track the progress well.

CE2.18 To enhance my work delivery, I participated in self-study by studying various methods used in geotechnical test and their advantages and disadvantages. Also, I applied my knowledge that I acquired in university in areas like the soil mechanics for geotechnical investigation and analysis. The other skills that I used were the engineering soil properties that gave me knowledge in the standard soil test methods. The last application of knowledge that I involved in the project was the different road profiles that I learn during the study of the construction drawings in my undergraduate degree.

CE2.19 Safety and sustainability were a paramount part of the project because it was the best way of mitigating the dangers associated with Road construction. For safety reasons, I protected and stored all the test samples in the secured place to ensure there was no contamination. I also used protective gear during the execution of the project by wearing safety boots, helmet, and gloves. I also considered the environmental hazards associated with roads construction by spraying water regularly to the excavated earth to suppress dust. Lastly, as an ethical engineer, we maintained good working relationship with everyone in the project and the neighborhood where we organized football games with the young kid in the surrounding.
IV. Summary
CE2.20 The scope of the project was huge, but I leveraged on teamwork and my good research skills. The project gave me a lot of experience in road construction and tested my ability as the team leader. I completed my project after successfully meeting the objectives of the project and after completion of the road construction work. The project met with the international roads standards, and the law stated in Qatar and Ashghal requirements. My contribution was significant as per the statement of my responsibilities and the quality of the work that i did with my team.



CAREER EPISODE 3
I. Introduction
CE3.1 My third project discussion is the experience that I acquired while working on the extension of Highway 55 temporary truck route section B and A. At the time of this project I was working for Qatar Building Company (QBC) as the Technical Engineer. This project consisted of the constructing 22.7 KM dual carriageways with four bridges, seven roundabouts and other associated amenities like diversions that ensured the flow of traffic. I worked on this project between November 2013 and January 2015 at west and north of Doha City. The work was divided into Sections A and B for Route 55 Temporary Truck Route (TTR). As the Technical Engineer, I was tasked with designing and ensuring the road was done to the right standard.
II. Background
CE3.2 QBC was established as a private civil engineer contractor in 1971 as a private civil engineering contractor in Qatar. It has cemented its position as the Civil engineering contractor, and it further introduced a new line of service called the Qatar Building Company Heavy Equipment Division that deals with construction equipment. This project was as a result of the tender that QBC had won after it was selected by the Ashghal to construct the road extension of the Highway 55 Temporary Truck Route of sections B and A. The project involved the supply of the civil engineering raw material and implementation of the traffic management plan. The other work included the re-routing of the power lines that was on the construction site and the design and construction of the Asphalt paved road. The other work that I did on the project was the design of the bridges and the drainage systems along the roads. After every section during the compaction of the base foundation, I did both penetration and compaction test to make sure the road was able to carry the design loads.
CE3.3 The aim of the project was to extend the Highway 55 and construct the Temporary Truck Route through Section A and B. With my civil engineering skills, and I ensured the project was implemented within the standards. I made sure the raw material used were acceptable. I also performed random penetration and compaction test to ensure the road was done as per the standards applicable in Qatar. The other objective of the project was to provide the basic outline of the resources that was required to implement the project. The design was also to allow the smooth flow of the traffic. Thus I introduced some roundabouts to enable vehicles to move from one side to another without creating some congestion. The last objective of the project was to design and construct Bridge that was able to withstand all the loadings acting on it.


Figure 1: Organization Chart
CE3.4 As the project technical civil engineer, I was assigned the following roles and responsibilities.
• I participated in the design of the road constructions, such as coming with the specifications like the compaction pressure, the number of roller passes, the thickness of the pavement layers, the excavation and fill volume among others.
• I performed the both compaction and penetration test followed by calculations so as to ensure the road was done to the design specifications and was able to carry the design loads.
• I enforced the Roads constructions standards that were necessary for Qatar approval.
• I optimized my designs by using the latest civil engineering software.
• I was the team leader who made sure that the members were doing the right things. I also implemented safety on behave of the client.
• I managed the project through planning, implementation, monitoring coordination among other areas.
III. Personal Engineering Activity
CE3.5 As the Technical Engineer and after being appointed to be part of this project, I started by reviewing the contract to understand the project details like the scope of the work and responsibilities of every contractor in the work. I also went through the road design and the specifications to acquaint myself. Then I took two weeks to move to the site and set the base and to assemble my team that consisted of Civil engineers and other technicians who were experts in road construction. I also went through the standards and codes that I followed in the project to meet the international standards such as the Qatar National Construction Standards 2010, ASTM Standards D1883-05, AASHTO T193, and BS 1377. I then held meetings with the Project Engineer who we had the last briefing.
CE3.6 I started the project by collecting the information that helped me in the implementation process. The data that I gathered on this particular project included the compaction passes that was to be used, the paving raw materials and the procedure used to test and analyze the road to ensure it was done correctly. I also collected information such as the mass of the sample, the volume of the mold and the water content in the sample that helped me when I was doing the compaction test for the samples that I had collected from the site. Then I came up with the implementation plan where I determine the key performance indicators, roles, and responsibilities of everyone, budget and the millstones that were to be achieved at every particular time.
CE3.7 I reviewed the tender documents to make sure that I considered all the requirements on the project such as the design, implementations, materials used and tests to check the quality of the work. I made the approvals of all the materials on time to avoid the delays that could have happened to the project especially for the material with long lead times like the retaining wall face panels and the bridge deck. I issued various site instructions to the members of my team during the excavation, filling, compaction and paving using the bitumen. I did multiple tests on random sections of the road during every stage of the project implementation and determined their parameters through calculations followed by comparison with internationals standards.
CE3.8 The other duty that I was assigned during the implementation of this project was performing the penetration test to determine mechanical strength of the new carriageway constructedto ensured that it was able to carry the design loads. I did this important test called the California bearing ratio(CBR) by measuring the pressure that was able to penetrate the tarmacked road using a plunger of the given area. I did this test under the ASTM Standards D1883-05, AASHTO T193 and thein BS 1377. During this test, I did the calculations that helped in the determination of the CBR using below formula.

p= measured pressure for site soils [N/mm²]
ps= pressure to achieve equal penetration on standard soil [N/mm²]
CE3.9 I also calculated compaction density for the already paved road to ensure that it was able to carry the loads from the vehicles moving on it. I used the information that I collected with below formula to determine the densities that were important in the determination of the road compaction.
Bulk density, P=M/V
Dry Density, Pd= P/(1 W)
Where;
M=Mass of the sample(grams)
V=Volume of the mold(ml)
W=water content of the sub-samples
CE3.10 The difficulty that I encountered during the implementation of this project was when I realized the CBR value on the proposed existing road ground was less than 15% that I measured at 95% of MDD. As per the Qatar Standard Specifications, the values of the CBR for the existing ground ought to be higher than 15% so as to receive permanent road layers. To solve this technical challenge, I researched online and consulted my friends and senior members of the company and came with the suggestion of excavating some portion. Therefore, I excavated 300mm thickness of weak topsoil and filled it before doing the compaction of the layers less than 150mm thickness so as to meet the requirements of the CBR value.
CE3.11 After completion of the compaction and penetration tests on every section of the road and at different stages, I prepared short reports that I shared with the project engineer who was heading the project. I also kept the test samples with the name tags for future references. Lastly, I held discussion with the implementation team to ensure that the compaction and ingredients mixing was done correctly.
CE3.12 I embraced the innovative technique, in the way, I implemented the project, for example, I discussed with other engineers, and they agreed to work on sections until it was completed then move to another section. This prevented the suffering of the motorist who needed only to pass through diversions. The other innovation that I introduced was the use of the softwares that tremendously improved on the design accuracy.
CE3.13 As an engineer who values new technologies, I adopted the application of engineering software during the implementations of my road design and construction project. The software that I leveraged on is AutoCAD Civil 3D, Micro station, and the AutoTurn. This softwares gave me the edge during the implementation process because I was able to cut the delivery time and I was also able to do the design optimization.
CE3.14 As shown by the scope of the project, there was a lot of work; therefore, teamwork at the site provided the solution. Therefore, I organized a team consisting of technicians and engineers who we worked together. I discussed and reviewed the site progressed with my team members. As the team head, I tasked every technicians and engineer who were working under me.
CE3.15 I created various documents at different stages of the project for the purpose of records keeping and channeling information to other stakeholders. For example, after compaction and penetration tests, I documented the procedure that I used plus the outcome results. The other documents that I prepared include the progress reports, weekly reports, and monthly reports. I used the language that was understood by everyone at the site thus I avoided the language barriers.
CE3.16 I interacted with the suppliers of all the raw materials that was used at the site; thus I was able to make economic decision based on the goods that was purchased. For example, I negotiated for the discount since I instructed the procurement department to buy the materials in bulk thus we were given discounts. There other are that I made an economic decision was when I requested and negotiated with the client to allow us to work for extra one hour every day and shorten the delivery time. This saved some money since the payment was pegged on the number of days worked and not the hours.
CE3.17 With my skills in project management, I was able to track the project progress using the MS project where I was able to come up with the work breakdown structures (WBS). With this skill, I managed my project very well and planned accordingly especially for the task that was dependent on others. With this knowledge and expertise, I was able to monitor the project implementation process that led to cost minimization. Besides, I was able to develop Gantt chart that I used to illustrate the project schedule that was easy to be followed by my team.
CE3.18 During the implementation of this project, I took some initiative to improve my skills in the delivery of this project apart from the skills that I acquired in my engineering school. For example, I did self-study and research online on the various methods of performing the compaction test in the tarmacked road like this project. Apart from that, I applied the knowledge that I acquired in my undergraduate degrees such as the Highway and Pavement Design, Transportation Engineering, Soil Mechanics, and Design of bridge structures.
CE3.19 I put safety in the forefront in all the activities that I did at the site to avoid any form of accidents that could have jeopardized the project implementation. Therefore, I ensured all the workers were supplied with the protective gears like the safety boots, coverall, and helmets. Besides, I followed the correct operation procedures for the tools and equipment to avoid any breakage. Lastly, I protected the environment and ensured the project was sustainable by preventing pollution.
IV. Summary
CE3.20 In my view, the project gave me valuable experience and improved my engineering knowledge because I was able to lead the design team. I was also able to make decisions and research on the project when I encountered some challenges. The project was successful despite the technical problems that I faced. The project was completed on time and within the standards that was agreed from the beginning. As the team leader in the project, my contribution was enormous since I came up with the construction plan, time management, resources management among other duties.
SUMMARY STATEMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER
Competency Element A brief summary of how you have applied the element Paragraph in the career episode(s) where the element is addressed
PE1 KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL BASE
PE1.1 Comprehensive, theory-based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the engineering discipline a) I use my knowledge in physical science and natural science to understand and implement the project as per the codes and standards in my projects CE1.5, CE1.8, CE1.9, CE1.10

CE2.5, CE2.7, CE2.8, CE2.9, CE2.10,

CE3.5, CE3.7, CE3.8,CE3.9, CE3.10,
PE1.2 Conceptual understanding of the mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics and computer and information sciences which underpin the engineering discipline a) I did mathematical calculations that helped me in determination of important engineering parameters like flow rate, density among others.

b) I used Civil Engineering softwares to model and analyze my designs for optimization.

c) The basis of my design work was the information that I collected from the beginning of the project. CE1.8, CE1.9
CE2.8, CE2.9
CE3.8, CE3.9




CE1.13
CE2.13
CE3.13



CE1.6
CE2.6
CE3.6
PE1.3 In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the engineering discipline a) I leveraged on my skills in the data management to gather the information that was important during the design.
b) I used my calculation skills in Civil engineering to determine the parameters that I used in implementing the project.
c) I introduced the engineering softwares as the way of introducing new implementation procedures in my project. CE1.6
CE2.6
CE3.6



CE1.8, CE1.9
CE2.8, CE2.9
CE3.8, CE3.9




CE1.13
CE2.13
CE3.13


PE1.4 Discernment of knowledge development and research directions within the engineering discipline a) I participated in trainings during my project implementation to improve my knowledge.
b) I used the method of research to find solution to the challenges that I encountered.
c) I reviewed the information in both online and off line to understand the project well.
CE1.18,
CE2.18,
CE3.18,


CE1.10,
CE2.11,
CE3.10,


CE1.5
CE2.5
CE3.5

PE1.5 Knowledge of contextual factors impacting the engineering discipline a) I understood the impact of teamwork, because without it the delivery could not have been possible.
b) I knew the impacts of not following safety precaution, therefore I followed it to the later.
c) I avoided language barriers at the site by using the official language that was English CE1.14
CE2.14,
CE3.14,




CE1.19
CE2.19
CE3.19



CE1.15
CE2.15
CE3.15
PE1.6 Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of contemporary engineering practice in the specific discipline a) I made economic decisions that helped in cutting the cost
b) I was aware of my roles and responsibilities that was necessary to implement the project.
c) I implemented the project as per the codes and standards in Civil Engineering CE1.16
CE2.16,
CE3.16,

CE1.4
CE2.4
CE3.4


CE1.5
CE2.5
CE3.5
PE2 ENGINEERING APPLICATION ABILITY
PE2.1 Application of established engineering methods to complex engineering problem solving a) I used my research skills in civil Engineering to find solution to the challenges that I encountered.
b) I did the mathematical calculation that was paramount in design progress.
c) I followed standards and codes that was set by the ASHGHAL CE1.10
CE2.11,
CE3.10,


CE1.8, CE1.9
CE2.8, CE2.9
CE3.8, CE3.9


CE1.5,
CE2.5
CE3.5
PE2.2 Fluent application of engineering techniques, tools and resources a) I used the latest technology tools to implement my project like the softwares.
b) I used the resources that was available to ensure the safety of every person in my project was taken care of.
c) I used the available information to design different parts of my project. CE1.13
CE2.13,
CE3.13



CE1.19
CE2.19
CE3.19



CE1.6
CE2.6
CE3.6
PE2.3 Application of systematic engineering synthesis and design processes d) I used civil engineering softwares to optimize my design work.
e) I follow the project objectives to make sure I was not deviating from the course.
f) I made the progress documents that helped me in recording everything that I did at the site. CE1.13
CE2.13
CE3.13

CE1.3
CE2.3
CE3.3


CE1.15
CE2.15
CE3.15
PE2.4 Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of engineering projects a) I used my project management skills to plan, coordinate and implement the project.
b) I managed the cost associated with the project by make economic decisions.
c) I was a good team manager in all my projects. CE1.18,
CE2.17
CE3.17,



CE1.16,
CE2.16,
CE3.16



CE1.14
CE2.14,
CE3.14
PE3 PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES
PE3.1 Ethical conduct and professional accountability a) As an ethical civil engineer, I observed environmental safety, safety of workforce and tools.
b) I had good working relationships with my team members that avoided any frictions.
c) The guiding principle in all my projects was the relevant standards and codes that I studied in the start CE1.19,
CE2.19,
CE3.19,

CE1.15,
CE2.14,
CE3.14

CE1.5
CE2.5
CE3.5

PE3.2 Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains a) I communicated well through written documents that I prepared and share within the company.
b) I held meetings before the start of the project with stakeholders to discuss the implementation plan. CE1.15
CE2.15
CE3.15



CE1.5,
CE2.5,
CE3.5
PE3.3 Creative innovative and proactive demeanor
a) I adopted innovative methods in implementing my projects
b) I used the latest engineering softwares to optimize my designs CE1.12
CE2.12
CE3.12

CE1.13
CE2.13
CE3.13
PE3.4 Professional use and management of information a) I used my skills in information management to collect the relevant project data.
b) I review all the information that was available the project contract. CE1.6
CE2.6
CE3.6


CE1.5
CE2.5,
CE3.5
PE3.5 Orderly management of self, and professional conduct a) I managed myself well through the use of project management skills to track the progress.
b) I start the projects by having objectives in place, that helped me in determining whether the project was successful or not.
c) I followed the guide of standards and codes to execute my projects and gained acceptance. CE1.18
CE2.17
CE3.17


CE1.3
CE2.3
CE3.3


CE1.5
CE2.5
CE3.5
PE3.6 Effective team membership and team leadership a) As a team leader, I worked well with every person in the project and I was the unified the team members.
. CE1.16,
CE2.14,
CE3.14
















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    welcome to

    Welcome

    To

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    c ca ar re ee er r e ep pi is so od de e 1 1

    C CA AR RE EE ER R E EP PI IS SO OD DE E 1 1

    I. I.

    I In nt tr ro od du uct cti ion

    on

    CE1.1

    My first project experience is a project that I did while working at Qatar Building

    Company (QBC) when I worked as the Technical Engineer in the Estimation

    Department. The project was to prepare a sewer drainage line for the Public Works

    Authority, (PWA), also known as ASHGHAL. We had participated in the tendering

    process and won the tender. I worked on this project between June 2014 to December

    2015.The project was located at Najma District in Doha Qatar in Zone 26. The Project

    entailed upgrading of the existing sewerage network in Najma area which involved the

    removal and replacement of 19.5km pipelines (200Ø - 1200Ø). My assignment was to

    design the project and ensure the sewer was flowing uninterrupted.

    II. II.

    Ba

    Back

    ckg gr ro oun

    und d

    CE1.2

    This project was awarded to rehabilitate the Existing Sewers within Doha by the

    ASHGHAL or the Public Works Authority, (PWA), who were the client. The project was

    divided into four sections namely Najma-Al Hilal(Package A) Al Arab-Al Kharaib

    (Package B).The other section was Najma-Al Hilal Sub (Package C) and Al Arab-Al

    Kharaib (Package D). The project involved the design of the main lines and branches to

    ensure it was allowing the flow and at the same time it was capable of handling the

    volume generated in central Doha. I worked on the design, implementation, and

    commissioning of the project.

    CE1.3

    The goal of this project was to increase the capacity of the existing sewer so that it

    could serve several households. It was to replace the current new work with bigger

    diameter pipes that could allow the flow through gravitational force. This entailed

    excavating the trench and giving it gently gradient to allow the flow of waste water. The

    other objective of the project was to ensure the project was completed on time within

    the design specifications that was communicated by the ASHGHAL. The last objective of

    the project was to carry out the plan and commission it on time since it was overdue

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    and it had been delayed previously below

    and it had been delayed previously. Below is the organizational structure that was used

    to manage the implementation of this project.

    Figure 1: Organization structure.

    CE1.4

    Below is the statement of my duties as the Technical Engineer.

    •Designing of the sewer lines that included determination of the right diameter, the

    gradient of the pipe, velocity among other parameters.

    •Advice on the best route for the pipeline to serve more areas as much as possible.

    •I was responsible for the preparation of the documents and other logistics in the

    project to ensure the success.

    •I participated in brainstorming of the project after I encountered some challenges.

    •I made sure safety, environmental and ethical issues was followed at the site to the

    later.

    •I interacted with the suppliers on economic issues related to the supply of the raw

    materials needed for the site.

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    iii iii

    III.

    III.

    P Pe er rs son

    ona al l E En ng gin ine ee er rin ing g A Ac cti tiv vi it ty y. .

    CE1.5

    After winning the tender to rehabilitate the existing sewer within Doha C763/2, I

    started the implementation plan, by review the contract the contract details and

    preparing the most important points that were captured in it. I also assembled a strong

    team of engineers and technicians who further helped me in the mobilization of the

    resources like means of transport, excavator among others. Then I went through the

    standards and codes like the BS 5911-1 and BS EN 1916 that were relevant to the use of

    the concrete pipes. I organized a meeting with my team before moving to the site ready

    to execute the project.

    CE1.6

    After the start of the project, I collected the information that was essential for the

    design work that included the geomorphology and ground topography of the areas

    where the sewer was to pass through. The other information that I collected from the

    owners of the sewer line was the projected volume of the sewage generated by the

    household that was gathered to the line. I organized all the data and came up with the

    implementation plan before calling the meeting to discuss the execution plan. I also

    reviewed the expectation of the client with my team members regarding the quality of

    the work and milestones that were to be delivered.

    CE1.7

    I started the design work by identifying the best route for the main line followed by

    the sublines connecting the households to the main line. I also identified the location of

    the Underground obstructions like the power lines and water pipes. I then requested

    for the permission from the relevant authorities for the leeway since I didn't want to

    interpret existing amenities. The enabled free flow of the waste water through the

    pipes, and I designed the suitable gradient that allowed Natural flow. The calculations

    that I did during this design was the determination of the gradient or slope.

    CE1.8

    Also, I determined the cross-sectional are of the pipes that I used for the sewer lines.

    The design was to ensure that it was able to a serve the volume generated from the

    sources. I used a combination of differential equations to solve this challenge. I used the

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    relationship between the cross sectional area

    relationship between the cross-sectional area of the pipe, flow velocity, and flow rate. I

    further used the Manning equation to determine the speed of flow. Below are the

    equations.

    Q = AV

    V = (1.49/n) [(D/4)2/3] (S1/2) (Manning equation)

    Q = (πD2/4) V = (1.49/n) (πD2/4) [(D/4)2/3] (S1/2).

    Where

    V= storm water flow velocity

    D = storm sewer pipe diameter

    S= storm sewer gradient

    n = roughness coefficient of pipe

    CE1.9

    The next design that I did on the project was the determination of the diameter of

    the sewerage pipe for the mainline and the connections to the individual households. I

    had selected the concrete pipes due to its strength and the ease of installation. I

    determined the peak flow rate of the sewer to ensure that it was able to handle

    wastewater that was being generated. I used below equations to determine the peak

    flow rates

    Pmax/min.t=(Pmax/minhr-t-avghr) (Pi-avgd)

    Where;

    Pmax/minhr-t-avghr=(Qmax/minhr.-tQavg-hr)

    (Qmax/minhr.-t) = the average flow during a duration (t) hours

    Qavg-hr = the average hourly flow for that day of record.

    CE1.10

    I encountered the challenge when I was doing the excavation of the trench to lay

    down the concrete pipes where I found there was a lot of the underlying cables and the

    asbestos pipes. Besides, I discovered that the existing roads in the area where pipes

    were passing were not wide enough. Some of the areas were also narrow for the

    passage of the excavator that I was using. Therefore, I did analysis and discussed with

    my team where I proposed the hand excavation of this areas. The process was slow, but

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    at least it was preferable because

    at least it was preferable because of the existing infrastructure.

    CE1.11

    I completed excavation then removed and replaced approximately 2.5km trunk

    sewer gravity mains comprising VC pipelines (300mm Ø – 1000mm Ø) and associated

    manholes. I also did the replacement of 1km trunk sewer gravity mains that consisted

    of the GRP pipelines with diameters of 1000mm and 1200mm and utility holes on this

    section. Finally, I did the test run with water before filling back the top soil that I had

    excavated with my team I also reinstated the landscaping, paving blocks and asphalt.

    CE1.12

    To easy the installation work, I innovatively choose reinforced concrete pipes that

    were one-meter-long, and it had a socket on one end. This made it easy for installation

    and lifting them in place. The assembling method was the socket connections and did

    not require any particular joining method as compared if the PVC pipes were used. This

    innovative approach reduced the sewer line installation time

    CE1.13

    The useful software that I used in the project was the AFT Fathom, which is system

    modeling and pipe flow analysis software. I used to this software to calculated the flow

    distribution and pressure drops in the pipeline. Furthermore, the software was usefully

    when I was analyzing the distribution of wastes in the pipe. The software eased my

    work and improved on the accuracy of the project.

    CE1.14

    With other members, I was able to work towards completing this task on time. The

    implementation team that I led consisted of both engineers and technicians. I consulted

    a senior technical engineer when I encountered some challenges in my projects and

    when I was participating in the tendering process. The other person who was worked

    closely was the quantity surveyors who were responsible for the BOQ for the project. I

    organized meetings on regular basis with the team to review the progress of the

    projects.

    CE1.15

    My other responsibility as the team leader in the project was the preparation of the

    projects documentations for records keeping and as the mode of communication. I used

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    the english language on this project to avoid

    the English language on this project to avoid language barriers because workers in the

    project were from different ethnic background. The documents that I prepared included

    the tender documents, project progress reports, weekly reports among others. I also did

    the presentation of this documents to my supervisor before it was approved for

    circulation.

    CE1.16

    As the team leader in the project, I participated in making a decision that helped in

    reducing the cost of the project or at least working as per the budget. Therefore, from

    the start of the project, I developed my budget and came with some ways of reducing

    the cost by maximizing the productivity of every worker. This saved on the salaries and

    allowance that was paid to the casual Labour on site.

    CE1.17

    With my project management skills, I was able to ensure all the plans went on

    through the project implementation time. I also used the traffic master plan when the

    was excavation near the road where the sewer line was passing through. I had

    developed the implementation plan that guided me in the budget and the millstones

    that were to be achieved at every stage of the project.

    CE1.18

    At the time of the project implementation, I applied my skills in fluid mechanics to

    do the project. I also participated in the training that was offered by the company. The

    training was on simulation and how to lay pipes on the trenches using lifting machines.

    I also had some discussions with the senior members in the company who they shared

    their experiences in piping work. Lastly, I researched on my own whenever I

    encountered the challenge that was related to the project.

    CE1.19

    I understood the importance of taking safety while implementing the project

    because it could cause adverse impacts to both implementation team, environment, and

    tools. We used the lift tools instead of manually lifting because of dangers in the back

    injuries. The other safety precaution that I took was to use protective equipment like

    safety boots and gloves. I also followed the user operation manuals for the lifting tools

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    that we were using at the site to avoid damages

    that we were using at the site to avoid damages and associated injuries.

    IV.

    IV.

    S Sum

    umm ma ar ry y

    CE1.20

    I completed this project on time and gained tremendous engineering experiences

    concerning team leadership and technical knowledge. I managed to lead the

    implementation team from beginning up to completion. Therefore, I achieved the goals

    of the project that included upgrading of the pipeline and completing it within the

    planned time. I played a significant role in the project from the beginning where I did

    the design, coordinated the implementation and commissioning. In the end, all the

    members of my team and management were happy with the way I implemented the

    project successfully.

    C CA AR RE EE ER R E EP PI IS SO OD DE E 2 2

    I. I.

    I In nt tro

    rod du uc cti tio on n

    CE2.1

    The second project discussion is my Engineering experience that I acquired while working

    as the Technical Engineer at Qatar Building Company (QBC). This project was the participation

    in the construction of the Al Otouriyah / Al Jemailya / Al Shihaniyah Road (P019) where I

    performed the Soil test that I will elaborate on the project. I worked and delivered this project

    within 18 months between November 2014 to May 2016.The project was located in the central

    region of the Qatar, where 28.7km of Rural Arterial road from Al Shihaniyah to Al Jemailya via

    Al Otouriyah. My responsibility was to perform the soil test that enables the determination of

    the amount of compaction and the to check whether the soil was able to current the maximum

    required loads.

    I II. I.

    Ba

    Bac ck kg gro

    rou un nd d

    CE2.2

    Qatar Building Company (QBC) is the market leader in civil engineering and building, and it

    was awarded the contracted to construct by road by ASHGHAL or the Public Works Authority of

    Qatar government, (PWA). The project was the design, and its implementation monitor by

    ASHGHAL. The road was divided into two sections namely 18.8 Km between Al Otouriyah and

    Al Jemailya. The second section was the 12.6Km between Al Shihaniyah to Al Otouriyah. The

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    project that i did this construction work

    project that I did this construction work was the earthwork where I perform the various soil

    test to ensure compaction was done well. I implemented the project and made

    recommendations as per the test results.

    CE2.3

    The goal of my engagement on this project was to upgrade the existing two-lane single

    carriageway (1+1) to a four-lane dual carriageway (2+2). There was also a provision of the

    cycle lanes that was reserved for future expansion to six carriageways (3+3) lanes. Because of

    the scope of the project, I participated in the earthworks that involved compaction and testing

    the strength. The objectives of the compaction soil test were to verify the strength of the road

    base the before the paving to make sure it was able to carry design loads. The other aim was to

    advise on the mixing combination in areas that did not yield the required test. The last goal of

    the project was to make sure the road was done as per the codes and standards that were

    mentioned in the project contract.

    Figure 1: The organization chart used

    CE2.4

    Below are the roles and responsibilities that I was assigned as the Technical Engineer.

    Participated in the design of the road especially the stabilization of the base foundation.

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    i did the soil compaction test and advice

    I did the soil compaction test and advice the earthworks team where necessary.

    I was part of the project planning team where I came with the implementation plans and ways

    of mitigating challenges that I encountered in my line of duty.

    I did the compaction test calculations where I was able to determine important test parameters

    that helped me in making the informed decision.

    As the team leader in the soil compaction test, I prepared and presented various documents to

    the stakeholders.

    I ensured safety was maintained at the workstation and ensured the dust was not affecting the

    surrounding environment.

    Pe

    Pers rso on na al E

    l En ng gi in ne ee eri rin ng g A Ac cti tiv vi it ty y. .

    I III II. .

    CE2.5

    We moved to the site after the company won the contract and after completing all the

    logistics work. To understand the project, I went through the contract that specified the scope

    and the timeframe for the project. Besides, I went through the applicable codes and standards

    that were mentioned in the contract that includes the standards as per ASHGHAL. Also, the

    California Bearing Ratio (CBR) that I did was as per the AASHTO T193, D4429 and D1883-05.

    After assembly my team I met with the Engineering manager who we discussed what was

    expected of me as the person who was responsible for the soil compaction testing.

    CE2.6

    Before I started the project, I listed down the details of the information that I wanted to

    initiate the implementation of the project. Some of the information was the test method that

    was expected, the reporting structure concerning conveying data for the purpose of action

    among other. The technician whom we worked together collected samples randomly from the

    road sections that had been compacted. Lastly, I organized meeting with my team members

    who we discussed the testing procedure that I adopted.

    CE2.7

    The first Engineering work that I did while constructing the road was to ensure the road

    foundation was done correctly. The road foundation was done by mixing deferent soil mixture

    and compacting using a roller to form layers. To ensure that the compaction was done properly

    I did the soil test using various methods. I instructed compaction to be done until the required

    compacted soil was achieved. The soil compaction test that I used were sand cone method,

    California Bearing Ratio, and the Soil Permeability.

    CE2.8

    While doing the California Bearing Ratio, I determined the quality of strength of the soil that

    was to form the base of the soil. I also measured the thickness of the base compacted soil and

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    the layer i performed this test by using

    the layer. I performed this test by using a plunger with the standard area and measuring the

    pressure required to penetrate the soil. I then divided the measured pressure with the required

    pressure to achieve equal penetration on the norm crushed rock material. Below is the formula

    CBR = F/Fo

    where

    F = force needed to penetrate a soil mass.

    F0 = force necessary for the penetration as per the standard material.

    CE2.9

    The other test that I did was the sand cone method and the Soil Permeability to ensure that

    the compaction process was done well. The purpose of the sand cone method was to determine

    the field density. For the ground permeability test, I used Darcy’s law as shown below.

    V = kiA

    where

    V = Flow rate cm3 /s,

    A = cross-sectional area of soil conveying flow, cm2

    k = permeability Coefficient

    CE2.10

    After completion of the compaction of the base soil, and ensuring the road could sustain the

    design loads. We lay down the asphalt pavement in that contained approximately 313200-ton

    asphaltic concrete followed by 244,224-ton Polymer Modified Bitumen asphalt in various layer

    thicknesses. The other part of the road that we did was the pavement where interlocking blocks

    was used. Besides, the streets light was erected. We also made the road making and built the

    road signs to guide drivers while navigating the new path. We commissioned the project with

    my team and client after completing all the work that was stated in the contract.

    CE2.11

    I encountered a technical challenge when I was preparing the granular road base layers and

    sub base whereby on doing the laboratory test I found that the materials did not meet the

    stipulated sand equivalent ratio that was 25. After researching for the best solution, I discussed

    with the quality manager and agreed to do different mix gradations, and I also added the

    Gabbro aggregate fines that helped in meeting the proposed mix in of sand equivalent ratio. In

    the end, I managed to achieve the equivalent sand ratio of 32 that was good enough for the

    project.

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    ce2 12

    CE2.12

    To improve the quality delivery, I tried to be creative by following the company IMS Policy

    when I was working with subcontractors’ also followed the Quality & HSE to ensure the quality

    was maintained. On the design work, I made the decision to use three different compaction test

    methods to improve the reliability of the results and reduce the chances of the errors that are

    associated with soil compaction test. I also did the test on the rolling basis to ensure we deliver

    results on time without any delay.

    CE2.13

    I leveraged on latest technology during the execution of this project regarding tools that I

    was using. For example, I used GEOSYSTEM programs software that helped me in plotting

    boring log, and the test pit logs that helped me in reducing the time taken in reporting test

    results for the geotechnical test. The software also helped me in the analysis of the cement

    products and concrete test results. This program supported the AASHTO, ASTM, and ACI

    standards.

    CE2.14

    I was a member of a team during the implementation of the roads construction works, and I

    was appointed the team leader when we were doing the road compaction test. As the team

    leader, I helped in guiding the technicians on how the test was performed. As the team leader, I

    maintained the flow of communication and gave the feedback to the management who lead the

    road construction works. We also worked together with subcontractors who were suppliers of

    the raw materials where we regularly discussed on the delivery lead times.

    CE2.15

    As the team leader in the compaction soil test, I was tasked with the production of different

    types of reports that I share with the client and the company head office. These reports were

    important because it determined the compaction required which is normally associated with

    the cost. The other documents that I prepared with my team included the analysis reports,

    weekly progress report among others. The language that I used on this documents was English

    since that was the official communication language at the site.

    I made the economical decision during the implementation of this project because I always

    CE2.16

    interacted with the suppliers of the soil compaction equipment. I always when for the most

    affordable but reliable option regarding hardware and test. Besides, as the team leader, I

    negotiated the project manager to allow my time work extra few hours to cover lost time. This

    reduced the overall cost of the project since it was billed as per the number of days spent at the

    site.

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    ce2 17

    CE2.17

    Project management was a core part of the project because without it tracking of the

    progress could not have been possible. There with my skills in project management, I was able

    to plan the section that I was working on in the road project. I came with the work breakdown

    structure where I disintegrated all the soil testing procedure into subtask that I allocated my

    team members enabling me to monitor and track the progress well.

    CE2.18

    To enhance my work delivery, I participated in self-study by studying various methods used

    in geotechnical test and their advantages and disadvantages. Also, I applied my knowledge that

    I acquired in university in areas like the soil mechanics for geotechnical investigation and

    analysis. The other skills that I used were the engineering soil properties that gave me

    knowledge in the standard soil test methods. The last application of knowledge that I involved

    in the project was the different road profiles that I learn during the study of the construction

    drawings in my undergraduate degree.

    CE2.19

    Safety and sustainability were a paramount part of the project because it was the best way

    of mitigating the dangers associated with Road construction. For safety reasons, I protected and

    stored all the test samples in the secured place to ensure there was no contamination. I also

    used protective gear during the execution of the project by wearing safety boots, helmet, and

    gloves. I also considered the environmental hazards associated with roads construction by

    spraying water regularly to the excavated earth to suppress dust. Lastly, as an ethical engineer,

    we maintained good working relationship with everyone in the project and the neighborhood

    where we organized football games with the young kid in the surrounding.

    I IV V. .

    S Su um mm ma ar ry y

    CE2.20

    The scope of the project was huge, but I leveraged on teamwork and my good research

    skills. The project gave me a lot of experience in road construction and tested my ability as the

    team leader. I completed my project after successfully meeting the objectives of the project and

    after completion of the road construction work. The project met with the international roads

    standards, and the law stated in Qatar and Ashghal requirements. My contribution was

    significant as per the statement of my responsibilities and the quality of the work that i did with

    my team.

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    c ca ar re ee er r e ep pi is so od de e 3 3

    C CA AR RE EE ER R E EP PI IS SO OD DE E 3 3

    I. I.

    I In nt tro

    rod du uc cti tio on n

    CE3.1

    My third project discussion is the experience that I acquired while working on the extension

    of Highway 55 temporary truck route section B and A. At the time of this project I was working

    for Qatar Building Company (QBC) as the Technical Engineer. This project consisted of the

    constructing 22.7 KM dual carriageways with four bridges, seven roundabouts and other

    associated amenities like diversions that ensured the flow of traffic. I worked on this project

    between November 2013 and January 2015 at west and north of Doha City. The work was

    divided into Sections A and B for Route 55 Temporary Truck Route (TTR). As the Technical

    Ba

    Bac ck kg gro

    rou un nd d

    CE3.2

    QBC was established as a private civil engineer contractor in 1971 as a private civil

    engineering contractor in Qatar. It has cemented its position as the Civil engineering contractor,

    and it further introduced a new line of service called the Qatar Building Company Heavy

    Equipment Division that deals with construction equipment. This project was as a result of the

    tender that QBC had won after it was selected by the Ashghal to construct the road extension

    of the Highway 55 Temporary Truck Route of sections B and A. The project involved the supply

    of the civil engineering raw material and implementation of the traffic management plan. The

    other work included the re-routing of the power lines that was on the construction site and the

    design and construction of the Asphalt paved road. The other work that I did on the project was

    the design of the bridges and the drainage systems along the roads. After every section during

    the compaction of the base foundation, I did both penetration and compaction test to make sure

    the road was able to carry the design loads.

    CE3.3

    The aim of the project was to extend the Highway 55 and construct the Temporary Truck

    Route through Section A and B. With my civil engineering skills, and I ensured the project was

    implemented within the standards. I made sure the raw material used were acceptable. I also

    performed random penetration and compaction test to ensure the road was done as per the

    standards applicable in Qatar. The other objective of the project was to provide the basic

    outline of the resources that was required to implement the project. The design was also to

    allow the smooth flow of the traffic. Thus I introduced some roundabouts to enable vehicles to

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    move from one side to another without creating

    move from one side to another without creating some congestion. The last objective of the

    project was to design and construct Bridge that was able to withstand all the loadings acting on

    it.

    Figure 1: Organization Chart

    CE3.4

    As the project technical civil engineer, I was assigned the following roles and

    responsibilities.

    I participated in the design of the road constructions, such as coming with the specifications

    like the compaction pressure, the number of roller passes, the thickness of the pavement

    layers, the excavation and fill volume among others.

    I performed the both compaction and penetration test followed by calculations so as to

    ensure the road was done to the design specifications and was able to carry the design

    loads.

    I enforced the Roads constructions standards that were necessary for Qatar approval.

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    i optimized my designs by using the latest civil

    I optimized my designs by using the latest civil engineering software.

    I was the team leader who made sure that the members were doing the right things. I also

    implemented safety on behave of the client.

    I managed the project through planning, implementation, monitoring coordination among

    other areas.

    I II. I.

    Pe

    Pers rso on na al E

    l En ng gi in ne ee eri rin ng g A Ac cti tiv vi it ty y

    CE3.5

    As the Technical Engineer and after being appointed to be part of this project, I started by

    reviewing the contract to understand the project details like the scope of the work and

    responsibilities of every contractor in the work. I also went through the road design and the

    specifications to acquaint myself. Then I took two weeks to move to the site and set the base

    and to assemble my team that consisted of Civil engineers and other technicians who were

    experts in road construction. I also went through the standards and codes that I followed in the

    project to meet the international standards such as the Qatar National Construction Standards

    2010, ASTM Standards D1883-05, AASHTO T193, and BS 1377. I then held meetings with the

    Project Engineer who we had the last briefing.

    CE3.6

    I started the project by collecting the information that helped me in the implementation

    process. The data that I gathered on this particular project included the compaction passes that

    was to be used, the paving raw materials and the procedure used to test and analyze the road to

    ensure it was done correctly. I also collected information such as the mass of the sample, the

    volume of the mold and the water content in the sample that helped me when I was doing the

    compaction test for the samples that I had collected from the site. Then I came up with the

    implementation plan where I determine the key performance indicators, roles, and

    responsibilities of everyone, budget and the millstones that were to be achieved at every

    particular time.

    CE3.7

    I reviewed the tender documents to make sure that I considered all the requirements on the

    project such as the design, implementations, materials used and tests to check the quality of the

    work. I made the approvals of all the materials on time to avoid the delays that could have

    happened to the project especially for the material with long lead times like the retaining wall

    face panels and the bridge deck. I issued various site instructions to the members of my team

    during the excavation, filling, compaction and paving using the bitumen. I did multiple tests on

    random sections of the road during every stage of the project implementation and determined

    their parameters through calculations followed by comparison with internationals standards.

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    ce3 8

    CE3.8

    The other duty that I was assigned during the implementation of this project was

    performing the penetration test to determine mechanical strength of the new carriageway

    constructedto ensured that it was able to carry the design loads. I did this important test called

    the California bearing ratio(CBR) by measuring the pressure that was able to penetrate the

    tarmacked road using a plunger of the given area. I did this test under the ASTM Standards

    D1883-05, AASHTO T193 and thein BS 1377. During this test, I did the calculations that helped

    in the determination of the CBR using below formula.

    p= measured pressure for site soils [N/mm²]

    ps= pressure to achieve equal penetration on standard soil [N/mm²]

    CE3.9

    I also calculated compaction density for the already paved road to ensure that it was able to

    carry the loads from the vehicles moving on it. I used the information that I collected with

    below formula to determine the densities that were important in the determination of the road

    compaction.

    Bulk density, P=M/V

    Dry Density, Pd= P/(1+W)

    Where;

    M=Mass of the sample(grams)

    V=Volume of the mold(ml)

    W=water content of the sub-samples

    CE3.10

    The difficulty that I encountered during the implementation of this project was when I

    realized the CBR value on the proposed existing road ground was less than 15% that I

    measured at 95% of MDD. As per the Qatar Standard Specifications, the values of the CBR for

    the existing ground ought to be higher than 15% so as to receive permanent road layers. To

    solve this technical challenge, I researched online and consulted my friends and senior

    members of the company and came with the suggestion of excavating some portion. Therefore, I

    excavated 300mm thickness of weak topsoil and filled it before doing the compaction of the

    layers less than 150mm thickness so as to meet the requirements of the CBR value.

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    ce3 11

    CE3.11

    After completion of the compaction and penetration tests on every section of the road and

    at different stages, I prepared short reports that I shared with the project engineer who was

    heading the project. I also kept the test samples with the name tags for future references. Lastly,

    I held discussion with the implementation team to ensure that the compaction and ingredients

    mixing was done correctly.

    CE3.12

    I embraced the innovative technique, in the way, I implemented the project, for example, I

    discussed with other engineers, and they agreed to work on sections until it was completed

    then move to another section. This prevented the suffering of the motorist who needed only to

    pass through diversions. The other innovation that I introduced was the use of the softwares

    that tremendously improved on the design accuracy.

    CE3.13

    As an engineer who values new technologies, I adopted the application of engineering

    software during the implementations of my road design and construction project. The software

    that I leveraged on is AutoCAD Civil 3D, Micro station, and the AutoTurn. This softwares gave

    me the edge during the implementation process because I was able to cut the delivery time and

    I was also able to do the design optimization.

    CE3.14

    As shown by the scope of the project, there was a lot of work; therefore, teamwork at the

    site provided the solution. Therefore, I organized a team consisting of technicians and engineers

    who we worked together. I discussed and reviewed the site progressed with my team members.

    As the team head, I tasked every technicians and engineer who were working under me.

    CE3.15

    I created various documents at different stages of the project for the purpose of records

    keeping and channeling information to other stakeholders. For example, after compaction and

    penetration tests, I documented the procedure that I used plus the outcome results. The other

    documents that I prepared include the progress reports, weekly reports, and monthly reports. I

    used the language that was understood by everyone at the site thus I avoided the language

    barriers.

    CE3.16

    I interacted with the suppliers of all the raw materials that was used at the site; thus I was

    able to make economic decision based on the goods that was purchased. For example, I

    negotiated for the discount since I instructed the procurement department to buy the materials

    in bulk thus we were given discounts. There other are that I made an economic decision was

    when I requested and negotiated with the client to allow us to work for extra one hour every

    day and shorten the delivery time. This saved some money since the payment was pegged on

    the number of days worked and not the hours.

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    ce3 17

    CE3.17

    With my skills in project management, I was able to track the project progress using the MS

    project where I was able to come up with the work breakdown structures (WBS). With this

    skill, I managed my project very well and planned accordingly especially for the task that was

    dependent on others. With this knowledge and expertise, I was able to monitor the project

    implementation process that led to cost minimization. Besides, I was able to develop Gantt chart

    that I used to illustrate the project schedule that was easy to be followed by my team.

    CE3.18

    During the implementation of this project, I took some initiative to improve my skills in the

    delivery of this project apart from the skills that I acquired in my engineering school. For

    example, I did self-study and research online on the various methods of performing the

    compaction test in the tarmacked road like this project. Apart from that, I applied the

    knowledge that I acquired in my undergraduate degrees such as the Highway and Pavement

    Design, Transportation Engineering, Soil Mechanics, and Design of bridge structures.

    CE3.19

    I put safety in the forefront in all the activities that I did at the site to avoid any form of

    accidents that could have jeopardized the project implementation. Therefore, I ensured all the

    workers were supplied with the protective gears like the safety boots, coverall, and helmets.

    Besides, I followed the correct operation procedures for the tools and equipment to avoid any

    breakage. Lastly, I protected the environment and ensured the project was sustainable by

    preventing pollution.

    I III II. .

    S Su um mm ma ar ry y

    CE3.20

    In my view, the project gave me valuable experience and improved my engineering

    knowledge because I was able to lead the design team. I was also able to make decisions and

    research on the project when I encountered some challenges. The project was successful

    despite the technical problems that I faced. The project was completed on time and within the

    standards that was agreed from the beginning. As the team leader in the project, my

    contribution was enormous since I came up with the construction plan, time management,

    resources management among other duties.

    SUMMARY STATEMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER

    Paragraph in the career

    episode(s) where the

    element is addressed

    A brief summary of how you have applied

    the element

    Competency Element

    PE1 KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL BASE

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    a i use my knowledge in physical

    a) I use my knowledge in physical

    CE1.5, CE1.8, CE1.9,

    CE1.10

    CE2.5, CE2.7, CE2.8,

    CE2.9, CE2.10,

    CE3.5, CE3.7,

    CE3.8,CE3.9, CE3.10,

    CE1.8, CE1.9

    CE2.8, CE2.9

    CE3.8, CE3.9

    CE1.13

    CE2.13

    CE3.13

    CE1.6

    CE2.6

    CE3.6

    PE1.1 Comprehensive, theory-

    based understanding of the

    underpinning natural and physical

    sciences and the engineering

    fundamentals applicable to the

    engineering discipline

    science and natural science to

    understand and implement the

    project as per the codes and

    standards in my projects

    a) I did mathematical calculations that

    helped me in determination of

    important engineering parameters

    like flow rate, density among others.

    PE1.2 Conceptual understanding of

    the mathematics, numerical

    analysis, statistics and computer

    and information sciences which

    underpin the engineering discipline

    b) I used Civil Engineering softwares to

    model and analyze my designs for

    optimization.

    c) The basis of my design work was the

    information that I collected from the

    beginning of the project.

    a) I leveraged on my skills in the data

    CE1.6

    CE2.6

    CE3.6

    CE1.8, CE1.9

    CE2.8, CE2.9

    CE3.8, CE3.9

    CE1.13

    CE2.13

    CE3.13

    management to gather the

    information that was important during

    the design.

    b) I used my calculation skills in Civil

    PE1.3 In-depth understanding of

    specialist bodies of knowledge

    within the engineering discipline

    engineering to determine the

    parameters that I used in

    implementing the project.

    c) I introduced the engineering

    softwares as the way of introducing

    new implementation procedures in

    my project.

    a) I participated in trainings during my

    CE1.18,

    CE2.18,

    CE3.18,

    PE1.4 Discernment of knowledge

    development and research

    directions within the engineering

    discipline

    project implementation to improve

    my knowledge.

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    b i used the method of research to find

    b) I used the method of research to find

    CE1.10,

    CE2.11,

    CE3.10,

    CE1.5

    CE2.5

    CE3.5

    solution to the challenges that I

    encountered.

    c) I reviewed the information in both

    online and off line to understand the

    project well.

    a) I understood the impact of

    CE1.14

    CE2.14,

    CE3.14,

    CE1.19

    CE2.19

    CE3.19

    CE1.15

    CE2.15

    CE3.15

    teamwork, because without it the

    delivery could not have been

    possible.

    PE1.5 Knowledge of contextual

    factors impacting the engineering

    discipline

    b) I knew the impacts of not following

    safety precaution, therefore I

    followed it to the later.

    c) I avoided language barriers at the

    site by using the official language

    that was English

    a) I made economic decisions that

    CE1.16

    CE2.16,

    CE3.16,

    CE1.4

    CE2.4

    CE3.4

    helped in cutting the cost

    b) I was aware of my roles and

    PE1.6 Understanding of the scope,

    principles, norms, accountabilities

    and bounds of contemporary

    engineering practice in the specific

    discipline

    responsibilities that was necessary to

    implement the project.

    CE1.5

    CE2.5

    CE3.5

    c) I implemented the project as per the

    codes and standards in Civil

    Engineering

    PE2 ENGINEERING APPLICATION ABILITY

    a) I used my research skills in civil

    CE1.10

    CE2.11,

    CE3.10,

    CE1.8, CE1.9

    CE2.8, CE2.9

    Engineering to find solution to the

    PE2.1 Application of established

    engineering methods to complex

    engineering problem solving

    challenges that I encountered.

    b) I did the mathematical calculation

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    that was paramount in design

    that was paramount in design

    CE3.8, CE3.9

    CE1.5,

    CE2.5

    CE3.5

    progress.

    c) I followed standards and codes that

    was set by the ASHGHAL

    a) I used the latest technology tools to

    CE1.13

    CE2.13,

    CE3.13

    CE1.19

    CE2.19

    CE3.19

    CE1.6

    CE2.6

    CE3.6

    implement my project like the

    softwares.

    b) I used the resources that was

    PE2.2 Fluent application of

    engineering techniques, tools and

    resources

    available to ensure the safety of

    every person in my project was

    taken care of.

    c) I used the available information to

    design different parts of my project.

    d) I used civil engineering softwares to

    CE1.13

    CE2.13

    CE3.13

    CE1.3

    CE2.3

    CE3.3

    CE1.15

    CE2.15

    CE3.15

    optimize my design work.

    e) I follow the project objectives to

    PE2.3 Application of systematic

    engineering synthesis and design

    processes

    make sure I was not deviating from

    the course.

    f)

    I made the progress documents that

    helped me in recording everything

    that I did at the site.

    a) I used my project management skills

    CE1.18,

    CE2.17

    CE3.17,

    CE1.16,

    CE2.16,

    CE3.16

    CE1.14

    CE2.14,

    to plan, coordinate and implement

    the project.

    PE2.4 Application of systematic

    approaches to the conduct and

    management of engineering

    projects

    b) I managed the cost associated with

    the project by make economic

    decisions.

    c) I was a good team manager in all

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    my projects

    my projects.

    CE3.14

    PE3 PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES

    CE1.19,

    CE2.19,

    CE3.19,

    CE1.15,

    CE2.14,

    CE3.14

    CE1.5

    CE2.5

    CE3.5

    a) As an ethical civil engineer, I

    observed environmental safety,

    safety of workforce and tools.

    b) I had good working relationships with

    my team members that avoided any

    frictions.

    PE3.1 Ethical conduct and

    professional accountability

    c) The guiding principle in all my

    projects was the relevant standards

    and codes that I studied in the start

    a) I communicated well through written

    CE1.15

    CE2.15

    CE3.15

    CE1.5,

    CE2.5,

    CE3.5

    documents that I prepared and share

    within the company.

    PE3.2 Effective oral and written

    communication in professional and

    lay domains

    b) I held meetings before the start of

    the project with stakeholders to

    discuss the implementation plan.

    a) I adopted innovative methods in

    CE1.12

    CE2.12

    CE3.12

    CE1.13

    CE2.13

    CE3.13

    PE3.3 Creative innovative and

    proactive demeanor

    implementing my projects

    b) I used the latest engineering

    softwares to optimize my designs

    a) I used my skills in information

    CE1.6

    CE2.6

    CE3.6

    CE1.5

    CE2.5,

    CE3.5

    management to collect the relevant

    project data.

    PE3.4 Professional use and

    management of information

    b) I review all the information that was

    available the project contract.

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    slide24

    CE1.18

    CE2.17

    CE3.17

    CE1.3

    CE2.3

    CE3.3

    CE1.5

    CE2.5

    CE3.5

    a) I managed myself well through the

    use of project management skills to

    track the progress.

    b) I start the projects by having

    objectives in place, that helped me in

    determining whether the project was

    successful or not.

    PE3.5 Orderly management of self,

    and professional conduct

    c) I followed the guide of standards and

    codes to execute my projects and

    gained acceptance.

    a) As a team leader, I worked well with

    every person in the project and I was

    the unified the team members.

    .

    CE1.16,

    CE2.14,

    CE3.14

    PE3.6 Effective team membership

    and team leadership

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    reach to our executive for your report to be done

    Reach to our executive for your report to be done at

    below

    Details:

    Web: www.cdraustralia.org

    Email: contact@cdraustralia.org

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