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Public Sector Enterprises in Nepal

Public Sector Enterprises in Nepal

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Public Sector Enterprises in Nepal

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  1. Public Sector Enterprises in Nepal Mr. Ram Kumar Sharma Member, National Planning Commission of Nepal

  2. Public Enterprises (PEs) are established to make effective delivery of public goods and services to the people with fair price, simple procedure and easy access.

  3. Objective of PEs • To promote economic growth • Mobilization of public savings (resource mobilization) • Employment creation • To check the private monopoly • To promote distributive justice • To mobilize, utilize and protection of natural resources • To provide basic goods and services to the people

  4. Present Condition of PEs in Nepal • 36 PEs are operating (fully or partially owned) by the government of Nepal • Net asset of Nepalese PEs is NRs. 1.39 billion • Government investment is on share and loan to the PEs • Altogether 33,526 personnel are working in PEs • But the production performance of personnel is not satisfactory

  5. Contd. • Service sector is performing better than other sector • As of fiscal year 2009/2010 22 PEs are in net profit out of 36 • PEs are contributing 2.7% revenue out of total revenue

  6. Classification of PEs in Nepal • Commercial • Service • Financial • Industrial • Social • Public utility

  7. Governance of PEs • Composition of governing board limited to five persons • Selection of board member based on competency and professionalism • Performance contract to the Chief Executive Officer/ General Manager

  8. Some PEs Running Under Performance Contract • National Insurance Corporation • Citizen Investment Fund • Nepal Stock Exchange • Employee Provident Fund Top managers are recruited on the open competition on the basis of their business plan

  9. Why Privatization? • To increase productivity through capacity enhancement • To reduce administrative and fiscal burden • To increase the participation of private sector • To make effective public service delivery

  10. Contd. • Privatization process started from 1992 after the adoption of economic liberalization • Modalities of privatization • Privatization • Liquidation • Dissolve

  11. Contd. • Sale of business and property • Partial sale of business and property • Sale of asset and building • Land lease • Management contract • Liquidation • Dissolve

  12. Monitoring of PEs • Top level manager and their business plan is monitored by concern ministry and ministry of finance • Operational level by the top managers

  13. Monitoring of Privatized PEs • Inadequate monitoring • Many of them are closed and few are running • After the privatization not substantial increase in investment, production and productivity • Curtail of employment in large number

  14. Challenges • Weak financial discipline • Political influence • Confusing role: social or commercial • Operating loss • Obsolete technology • Less autonomous: operating as a government department • Lack of professionalism • Trade unionism

  15. Way Forward • Policy reform: separate PE policy • Improvement in ownership • Government • PPP • Sales of share • Liquidation • Cooperative model • Merge

  16. Contd. • Structural reform • PE coordination council • Exercise of holding company • Role delineation of board members and executives • Organizational improvement • Cooperative model

  17. Contd. • Managerial reform • Management contract • Managerial autonomy • Professional trade union • Financial reform • Maintain fiscal discipline • Behavioral reform: no politicization • Improve in disinvestment system