Article 4- Relations Among the States • Each state must recognize the public acts, records, and judicial findings of the other states. • Citizens of each state have the same rights in all states . • No state may be created within the boundaries of an existing state; nor may two existing states join together. • Guarantees a limited government , protecting unalienable rights
Article V – Amendment Procedures Method # 1 2/3 of BOTH houses pass a proposed amendment and send it to the states’ legislatures. The states then have up to seven years to vote on the proposal. It takes 3/4 states’ approval of the amendment Method #2 Constitutional Convention called for by 2/3 of the states’ legislatures. An amendment is proposed and then sent to the states’ legislatures for approval – again, 3/4 of the states’ legislatures must approve.
Article VI – Supremacy of the Constitution and Federal Laws The U.S. would assume all debts incurred by the states under the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution is the supreme law of the nation. This is the Supremacy Clause. A law passed by Congress must be within its Constitutional powers. and states must defer to the federal law. Elected and appointed officials of both state and federal offices are bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support the Constitution. Article VII – Ratification Only nine out of the original thirteen colonies had to ratify the new Constitution in order for it to take effect.
How A Bill Becomes A Law The bill is proposed by a Representative or a Senator It is introduced, given a number, and sent to a subcommittee After discussing/modifying the bill is sent to the House/Senate floor The bill is debated, changes are suggested and it is voted on A simple majority is needed for approval, then the bill is sent over to the Senate or House The House or Senate discusses the bill and vote on it, if it passes it is sent to the President The President can:…. veto the bill; sign the bill; or do nothing (pocket veto) If he signs it, it becomes law If he vetoes the bill, Congress can override the veto with a 2/3 vote