What is Renaissance? • Renaissance - the period of the development of architecture in European countries since the beginning of XV to the beginning of the XVII century , in general during the revival and development of the foundations of spiritual and material culture of ancient Greece and Rome.
Style Features Particular importance in this regard is given to forms of ancient architecture : symmetry , proportion, geometry and order parts , as illustrated by the surviving examples of Roman architecture . Complicated proportion of medieval buildings replaced the ordered arrangement of columns , pilasters and lintels , to replace asymmetric outline comes semicircle arch hemisphere dome niche edikuly .
There are three main periods: • Early Renaissance or Quattrocento , roughly coincides with the XV century. • High Renaissance , the first quarter of the XVI century. • Mannerism or Late Renaissance • ( ok.1520 -1600 ) .
Early Renaissance Show a tendency to organic combination of medieval traditions with classical elements . In the temple construction is the main type of basil with a flat ceiling or cross vaults , but in the elements - arrangement and decoration of columns and pillars , arches and architraves distribution , the appearance of windows and portals , architects cater for Greco- Roman monuments in the pursuit of extensive education , free spaces inside buildings.Later , gradually , and in the general concept and in detail the basis of the works are examples of ancient art.Most often in the design of buildings present Corinthian order with various modifications capitals. New style stronger penetrates nehramovuyu architecture : palaces of the rulers , the city government and the nobility , like earlier fortresses , not all departed from medieval appearance, change, obvious desire of architects to observe the symmetry and harmony of proportions.These buildings are harmoniously spacious courtyards enclosed by the lower and upper floors of the arcades on the arches , which are supported by columns or pilasters Antique shape.Regularity of the facade attached horizontally by cornices and graceful Interfloor main cornice , forming a strong ledge under the roof.
High Renaissance Major monuments of Italian architecture of this time - secular buildings , which differ harmony and grandeur of its proportions , elegance detail trim and ornamentation of eaves , windows, doors , palaces with light , mostly two-story galleries on the columns and pillars. In the temple there is a desire to build the enormity and majesty , the transition from the medieval to the Roman cross vault Korobov vault , dome supported by four massive pillars .
Later Renaissance The architecture of the experiment was conducted with the forms , development, and combining ancient images appears complication parts , bending, refraction and interruption of architectural lines , intricate ornamentation , high density columns, half-columns and pilasters in space. Emphasizes freer ratio of space and matter .