GEO Forest Carbon -Ongoing Activities and Work Plan- Alex Held (CSIRO), CEOS-Plenary, Lucca, Italy
The GEO FCT Task • a framework for coordination: governments, space and forest agencies, research scientists, intergovernmental and international organisations • national demonstrators showing the elements of a global system of systems • institutional arrangements for secure data access and continuity • time series of optical and SAR satellite mid-resolution images (<30m) for semi-annual ‘wall-to-wall’ full country coverage • a focused R&D program supporting integration with modelling and forest measurement (satellite; in-situ), 2
National Demonstrators in 2010 • Initially 7 National Demonstrators in 2009 • 4 more added in 2010-2011
Current FCT Satellite Data Processing Approach CEOS Agencies committing to FCT-specified data acquisition Optical/SAR Mid-resolution, wall-to-wall data for each ND GEO FCT GEO FCT GEO FCT Technical Product Development Team ND Government Agencies Responsible for Forest Mapping Countries Countries ND Government Agencies Responsible for MRV Reporting to UNFCCC
FCT Achievements • Data and products produced by ND’s are starting to become available, and the proof of concept for global wall-to-wall monitoring is being demonstrated. • e.g. more than 116,000 optical and SAR images delivered by CEOS Agencies since 2009. • Significant progress towards achieving the 4 FCT objectives: • Methodology guidance documents being further developed • Closer coordination with CEOS WGCV and GEO QA4EO Initiative • GEO FCT and the US ‘SilvaCarbon’ program strengthening links to FCT ND’s in the Americas (Mexico, Peru, Colombia) with dedicated technical workshops and expert advice. • establish a framework for coordination, cooperate with a number of national demonstrators, provide a better access to data, and work on methods and protocols for ensuring comparability and interoperability • Systematic observations will support governments in obtaining analyses and reporting information. 6
FCT Work Plan - 2012 National Demonstrator ‘Summit’ – Feb. 2012 – Tanzania Science Data Summit – Feb. 2012 – Tanzania Finalise FCT R&D Tasks & Planning Document Increased satellite data delivery to ND government agencies responsible for establishment of MRVs. Continue with successful model of technical training workshops – Americas, and extend to Africa and Asia Finalising FCT Guidance Documents Increased engagement between ND national governments and FCT Technical team (eg PD-team)
GEO FCT – Silvacarbon Technical Workshops 2011 1st Technical Americas GEO FCT ND- Regional Forest Monitoring Workshop Topic 1: Tropical Geo Forest Inventory Methodologies LANDSAT Land Cover Mapping Methodologies MODIS Imagery processing for Land Use Monitoring Location: Peru Proposed Dates: August 15-19 2nd Technical Americas GEO FCT ND- Regional Forest Monitoring Workshop Topic: Developing Consistent GEO Forest Information Products from Time-series Mid-resolution Optical Data Location: USGS-EROS Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA Proposed Dates: September 19 – September 22, 2011 3er Technical Americas GEO FCTT ND- Regional Forest Monitoring Workshop Topic: Integration of In-situ Forest Information, Remote Sensing Data and Carbon Models Possible Venue: Mexico Proposed Dates: October 10-11, 2011 2012 4th Technical Americas GEO FCT ND- Regional Forest Monitoring Workshop Topic: Wide-area SAR processing and GEO Forest Products Multi-Sensor, Mid-Resolution Land Cover Change Mapping Methodologiesoptics and radar Possible Location: Bogota Proposed Dates: March 5-9, 2012 5th Technical Americas GEO FCTND- Regional Forest Monitoring Workshop Topic: Exchange of experiences on mapping methodologies Models to Estimate Degradation, and different methodologies to map forest degradationLocation: Quito, EcuadorProposed Dates: May 2012 (tbc) 6th Special GEO FCT Global Workshop Topic: Modeling Approaches for National-Scale Land-Surface Carbon Accounting Host Institution: CATIE – Costa Rica Proposed Dates: July – August, 2012 (tbc) Technical Americas GEO FCTND - Regional Forest Monitoring Technical Exchange Topic: Forest Inventories with low cost methodologies. Combining field work, data processing, and satellite data. Review all ecosystems Location: Chiapas – Mexico Proposed Dates: September 2012 (tbc)
Close cooperation with National Demonstrator country governments and capacity building is underway
Forest Carbon Tracking Goals Demonstrate that coordinated Earth Observations, complimented and validated by in situ measurementsand properly linked toforest modelscan provide the basis for reliable, accurate, consistent and continuous information services to support forest carbon Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV), leading to eventual establishment of a network of national forest carbon monitoring systems Develop methods and protocols for comparability, interoperability in satellite observations and integration with ground measurements. Assist countries develop their own national forest and carbon monitoring systems.
FCT Satellite-Derived Products Horizon-1: 1a – Forest/Non-Forest coverage maps(ultimately annually wall-to-wall national coverage) 1b. - Forest change maps(direct/indirect derivative of dual- or multi-year Horizon 1a products or input data) 1c – Land-use map (with six broad land use categories - forest land, cropland, grazing land, wetlands, settlements, other land)) (for use in estimation of area change and land-use conversion as per IPCC GPG) 1d. – Land-use change and conversions (direct/indirect derivative of Horizon-1c products or input data) Horizon-2: 2a - Forest Degradation Information Products (still TBD); might include: Forest cover/density change and trends High-resolution forest change, structure or physiology products (from satellite, airborne systems – eg. lidar, X-band SAR, imaging spectrometers) 2b - Forest-type: Softwood, hardwood, native, primary, secondary 2c - Sparse woody perennial cover
Growing FCT the Network Growth will require increased efforts in: ND Country Coordination & databases, to ensure consistency Data Processing: Load-balancing of in-country vs. ‘regional processing centres’, to cope with processing needs/capacity/product consistency Coordinated Capacity- Building program – consistency across NDs Many REDD+ countries outside the tropics, incl. temperate & boreal forests 2011 2012 post-Kyoto treaty; REDD+, etc.
Proposed FCT+GFOI Satellite Data Processing Linkages CEOS Agencies committing to FCT-specified data acquisition Optical/SAR Mid-resolution, wall-to-wall data for each ND GEO FCT GEO FCT GEO FCT Technical Product Development Team (R&D, Demos) High-Capacity Regional Intermediate Processing Centres GFOI GFOI ND Government Agencies Responsible for Forest Mapping Countries Countries ND Government Agencies Responsible for MRV Reporting to UNFCCC