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EOC PRACTICE QUESTIONS

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EOC PRACTICE QUESTIONS

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  1. EOC PRACTICE QUESTIONS

  2. GOAL 2 -

  3. Goal 2.01 - Compare and contrast structure and functions of organic molecules

  4. 1. What are the characteristics of living things? • Made of cells, Have DNA, Grow and develop, Respond to stimuli, Evolve, Reproduce, Maintain homeostasis, Obtain energy

  5. 2. 2 main elements that make up an organic molecule? • Carbon and Hydrogen

  6. 3. Name the 4 organic compounds • Carbohydrates, • Lipids, • Proteins, • Nucleic Acids

  7. 4. Monomer of nucleic acids • Nucleotide

  8. 5. Monomer of lipids • Glycerol and Three Fatty Acids

  9. 6. Monomer of carbohydrates • Monosaccharide

  10. 7. Monomer of proteins • Amino Acids hooked together with Peptide bonds

  11. 8. 3 parts of a nucleotide • 5-carbon sugar, phosphate group, nitrogen base

  12. 9. Building blocks of organisms, enzymes, last energy source, insulin • Protein

  13. 10. Long-term energy storage, protective coatings, hormones, component of cell membrane • Lipids

  14. 11. Quick energy, structure of cell walls, fiber in diet • Carbohydrates

  15. 12. Genetic material that codes for the production of protein • Nucleic Acids

  16. 13. Plants store glucose in the polysaccharide • Starch

  17. 14. Animals store glucose in the polysaccharide • Glycogen

  18. 15. Plant cell walls are made of _____ and Fungi cell walls are made of ____. • Cellulose • Chitin

  19. 16. Amino acids are held together by: • Peptide Bonds

  20. 17. Complimentary base pairs in DNA are held together by : • Weak Hydrogen Bonds

  21. 18. The suffix –ase indicates a ______ and –ose indicates a ________. • Enzyme - Lactase • Sugar - Lactose

  22. 19. 1:2:1 ratio is a____. • Carbohydrate – ex. Glucose C6H12O6

  23. 20. Another name for a protein is a • Polypeptide

  24. 21. Weak acid or base that absorbs changes in pH • Buffer

  25. 22. PH of 0-6.9 ______, pH of 7.0 is_____, pH of 7.1 to14 is_____. • Acidic • Neutral • Basic

  26. Goal 2.02 - Investigate and describe the structure and function of cells.

  27. 23. Cell type with a nucleoid region, ribosomes, cell wall, cytoplasm and a plasmid • Prokaryote

  28. 24. Cell with membrane bound organelles including the nucleus • Eukaryote

  29. 25. Prokaryote Kingdoms • Archaebacteria • Eubacteria • (collectively known as Monera)

  30. 26. Eukaryote kingdoms • Protista, • Fungi, • Plantae, • Animalia

  31. 27. 2 organic compounds that make up viruses • Protein capsid • Nucleic Acids

  32. 28. Is a virus cellular? • No, it must have a host to reproduce

  33. 29. Provides structure in bacteria, fungi, and plants • Cell wall

  34. 30. Maintains homeostasis in a cell by allowing transport through it • Cell Membrane

  35. 31. Aid in animal cell division • Centrioles

  36. 32. Hair-like structures that work as oars for movement • Cilia

  37. 33. Whips for movement • Flagella

  38. 34. Make proteins (including enzymes) • Ribosomes

  39. 35. Watery gel where metabolism occurs • Cytoplasm

  40. 36. Makes energy for eukaryotic cells • Mitochondria

  41. 37. Cell part that turns inorganic compounds into organic compounds in plants (photosynthesis) • Chloroplasts

  42. 38. Stores water, food, and waste • Vacuole

  43. 39. 3 organelles plant cells have that animals do not • Chloroplast, • Cell Wall, • Large Central Vacuole

  44. 40. What two organic compounds make up the cells membrane? • Lipids • Proteins

  45. 41. Which molecule allows for communication between cells? • Proteins

  46. 42. Cell that has the protein hemoglobin to carry oxygen ? • Red Blood Cell

  47. 43. Cell that fights infection ? • White Blood Cell

  48. 44. Cell that clots blood? • Platelet

  49. 45. Cell that conducts electrical impulses ? • Neuron

  50. Goal 2.03 - Investigate and analyze the cell as a living system and transport