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Country Report from Taiwan on Open Source Software

Country Report from Taiwan on Open Source Software

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Country Report from Taiwan on Open Source Software

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  1. Country Report from Taiwanon Open Source Software Dr. Der-Tsai LeeInstitute of Information Science, Academia Sinica Asian Open Source Software Symposium March 3-6, 2003 Phuket, Thailand

  2. Outline • Current Status of OSS Development in Taiwan • Applications of OSS Technology • National Strategy on OSS • Government-funded OSS-related Projects • Conclusion 2

  3. OSS in Taiwan: A Brief Overview • Free software was first noticed in university campuses in Taiwan a decade ago when the GNU utilities started to spread out on the Unix-like workstations. • The community awareness of OSS was gradually formed later. 3

  4. Watershed events of OSS in Taiwan • The creation of the Chinese Linux Extension (CLE) project in 1997 • the most referenced Linux environment in Taiwan • a cohesive point for the community. • Wide range of tryouts of free software • Tightening of IPR law in May 2002 • Media and legislator’s attention to free software 4

  5. Industrial Utilization of OSS in Taiwan • Industry started catching up OSS activities in 1998-1999. • Linux-oriented companies established. • The first Linux exhibition in Taiwan was held in year 2000. • Now mostly dived into the embedded system, 3 Linux PDAs were shown in LinuxExpo 2002. • Many hardware companies have products with Linux device driver. 5

  6. OSS Community in Taiwan • Software Liberty Association of Taiwan (SLAT) • an NPO Founded in 2001, dedicated to promoting OSS and serving the free software communities. • Holds annual International Conference on Open Source (ICOS) and many other community-oriented events. • Various Active User Groups 6

  7. Chronology of Major Eventson OSS in Taiwan 7 Drawn by T.-C. Liu

  8. Applications of OSS Technology - Industry • Servers (for web, e-mail, ... etc) • Network products (router, Quality of Service device, load-balancing device, firewall, ... etc) • PDAs (including software development kit based on WinCE, Qt embedded or Gtk) • Appliances (digital VCR, ... etc) 8

  9. Applications of OSS Technology - Community • Desktop: • Internationalization/localization (i18n/l10n) of packages • Font management tools • CD-ROM linux (knoppix and alike) • ... etc • Web framework: • Zope/CMF/Plone, Perl/Python/PHP, i18n/l10n framework, blog, ... etc 9

  10. OSS Role among Sectors in Taiwan Drawn by T,-C. Liu, based on the Chinese version of P.Yeh and C.-K.Hung 10

  11. National Strategy on OSS • Build an environment for free software industry development • Cultivate expertise and advanced technologies • Chinese IT applications: establish interface standards and develop fundamental software • Promote free software exchange • QoS measurement mechanism • Promote nation-wide utilization of free software • Free software as an alternative based on free competition principle under Government Procurement Act 11

  12. Government-funded OSS-related Projects 2 • Government formed a Linux promotion task force in 2001. • Approx. NT$20M was funded for linux research and open source for science education in 2002 (National Science Council) • Grants for technological research indirectly related to Linux reached NT$60M in 2002 • Promotion of open source in K-9 schools started in 2002. 12

  13. Government-funded OSS-related Projects 1 • A Free Software Steering Committee is formed within NICI • A Free Software Working Committee is formed under MoEAIDB • Several projects are under discussion and review for FY2003. • Open source software foundry • Compatibility test center • Demonstration projects • Open source standards development • … etc 13

  14. Open Source Software Foundry • A bridge among government, industry, community and academia. • Focus on building an infrastructure for open source development. • A foundry similar to sourceforge.net for local developers to interact in local languages. • Provide technical, operational and legal assistance • National repository of e-government related projects • strive to help government with procurement of open source solutions/services, and help industry find proficient open source personnel • Lead by Academia Sinica. 14

  15. OSSF Network Academia Government -national lab -university -MoE -MoEA -Parliament OSSF Community Industry -NPOs -LUGs -standards groups -service nexus -IA 15

  16. OSS Compatibility Test Center • Provide standardized tests on open source software compatibility on hardware • Strive to leverage with OSS the strong and diverse hardware industry in Taiwan • Lead by Taipei Computer Association 16

  17. Conclusion • Taiwanese OSS development in historical perspective • Form a cross-governmental unit to strengthen OSS development in Taiwan • Set up localized OSS foundry to interact with different sectors • Leverage with local IA industry 17

  18. Thank You! Contact Info: Der-Tsai Lee IIS, Academia Sinica, Taiwan <dtlee@iis.sinica.edu.tw> Open Source Software Foundry <ossf@iis.sinica.edu.tw> 18