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Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment. Treatment depends on three factors:. 1) Slow water down - removes larger particles. 2) Aerobic decomposition of organic material. 3) Destroy pathogens (disease causing bacteria). Natural Stream systems self-purify.

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Wastewater Treatment

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  1. Wastewater Treatment Treatment depends on three factors: 1) Slow water down - removes larger particles 2) Aerobic decomposition of organic material 3) Destroy pathogens (disease causing bacteria)

  2. Natural Stream systems self-purify Slow Down – meander (winding), rocks and woody debris in stream, good riparian zone Aerobic Decomposition – natural bacteria decompose organic material IF enough dissolved oxygen is present in the water

  3. Treatment of Urban Drinking Water and Wastewater is designed to mimic the natural self-purification of streams.

  4. KY-AM Water and LFUCG Wasterwater Plants

  5. Extensive impervious surfaces of Lexington

  6. Town Branch Wastewater Treatment Plant

  7. W. Hickman Wastewater Treatment Plant

  8. KY-AM Water Treatment Plant

  9. Aerobic decomposition in soil

  10. Slow, settle and separate

  11. Constructed Wetland Sewage Treatment

  12. During heavy rain events, decreasing the amount of water in the storm sewer system (and sanitary sewers) is very beneficial to the health of streams in our community. Rain barrels and Rain Gardens Permeable Pavement Detention Basins Stormwater Wetlands, Stream Restoration and Riparian Resoration

  13. Wastewater Treatment

  14. Effluent Aeration before sending back to stream Anaerobic Digestion Methane Activated Sludge Tanks Settling Tanks – slows down water Destroy Pathogens: Chlorination UV Light Ozone Screened to remove large debris and sand and grit Aerobic Digestion

  15. Aeration and Chlorination Primary Settling Tanks Effluent Activated Sludge Tanks

  16. Water Treatment

  17. Water Treatment 1) Water pumped from river 2) Goes into settling tanks – removes sand, silt and clay (chemicals may be added to help clump particles) 3) Clearwater flows over activated charcoal, gravel and sand filters 4) Ammonium Chloride added to kill pathogens

  18. Chemical Tests for Water Quality Temperature: affects D.O. – higher, less D.O. pH: Measures if water is acidic or basic – most living things need to be near neutral Conductivity: Measures the dissolved ions in the water – not what is there, but how much. Dissolved Oxygen (D.O.): Measures the amount in ppm – best if around 8 – 12 ppm for most living things

  19. Other Tests? Nitrates and Phosphates: found in fertilizers Turbidity: Measures amount of suspended particles – streams usually turbid after heavy rains, but clear up as water slows down. Good for ponds and lakes. Bacteria Tests: Good but not easy to do

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