What Makes a Scientist? Aaron Haeberle
Bessie Blount Griffin • Inventor • Mother • Physical Therapist • Scientist
Brief Childhood • Born Nov. 24, 1914 in Hickory, Virginia • Went to Diggs Chapel Elementary • Hit for writing with left hand • Began writing with right, teeth and feet. • Forced to stop education in sixth grade • Self taught to attain GED
Education Expanded • Nursing Training at Community Kennedy Memorial Hospital (Newark, NJ) • First African American owned and integrated hospital • Union Junior College & Panzer College • Physical therapist • Went to Chicago to finish training
Found a need • Volunteered at Base 81 During WWII through Korean War • Worked with veterans • Taught others with missing limbs how to compensate • Eating being their biggest challenge
Solved the Need • Invented a tube that delivered food one bite at a time to patients • Donated to France in 1951 • Also invented the portable receptacle support • Patent No: 2,550,554
Wait a second! • How is this science? • Well the Nature of Science would say that science is simply the use of creativity to solve a problem with experimental trails and evidence.
Now back to Bessie • After her inventions became popular, she was invited to “The Big Idea” in 1953 • She was not only the first woman to appear on the show but also the first African American “A black woman can invent something for the benefit of man kind.” -Bessie Blount Griffin
One more benefit for man kind. • Worked with Theodore M. Edison • While caring for Edison’s mother-in-law, came up with disposable cardboard emesis basin • Newspaper • Flour • Water • Once again it was ignored by the states • Now used all over Belgium
After all the inventions • In 1969, began a career in forensic science • Became chief examiner of Portsmith P.D. until 1972 • At the age of 63, she became the first African American woman to join Scotland Yard. • Forensic science lab • “Mom Bessie”
Only the tip of the iceberg • Bessie Blount Griffin died Dec. 30th, 2009 at the age of 95 • Had many other outstanding achievements in her life. • Some that don’t involve science
What does this mean for you? Homework!
Resources Biographies http://causes.goldenmoon.org/legends/bblount.html http://obits.nj.com/obituaries/starledger/obituary.aspx?pid=138290058#fbLoggedOut http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/blount.html Patent http://www.google.com/patents/US2550554?printsec=abstract#v=onepage&q&f=true Video Assignment http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k33ZNmpJSoA