Iberian Peninsula By: Shelby Ward
Iberian History Chronologically • Lower and Middle Paleolithic • Upper Paleolithic (early, middle, and Solutrean) • Late upper Paleolithic • Archaeogenetics (30,000 B.C.) • Epipaleolithic (10,000 B.C.) • Azilian (11,760 B.C.) • Neolithic (4,700 B.C.) • Chalcolithic (3,000 B.C.) • Bronze Age (1,800 B.C.)(middle and late) • Iron Age (Celts 400 B.C.) • Phoenician (10th Century B.C.) • Greek (6th Century B.C.) • Tartassians (9th-8th Century B.C.)(semi-mythical) • Post Tartassian Iron Age(6th Century B.C) • Romans and Punic Wars (1st war from 264-241 B.C.; 2nd war 218-202 B.C.)
Chalcolithic Bronze Age • Also Known as the “Copper Age”; 3000 B.C. • In the south of the peninsula, metal goods, often decorative or ritual, were increasingly common. (Amber, Ivory, and Ostrich-egg products) • The most important community to have appeared was Los Millares. • The southeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula holds barbarian social formations of later prehistoric Europe. • Replaced Los Millares with El Argar. • Cogotas Culture arises which is Iron Age Celtic. Typical artifact is the rough troncoconic pottery.
Iron Age Phoenician Colonization • Celts, 400 B.C. • 2 focuses in the Iberian Peninsula; 1.) Hallstatt-related Iron Age Urnfields of the North-East . 2.) Phoenician colonies of the South. • From the outposts in the Upper Ebro and the Iberian mountains, the Celtic culture expanded into the plateau and the Atlantic coast. • The social differentiation is more perceptible and there is also evidence of the existence of local chiefdoms and a horse-riding leaders. • First contact between Phoenicians and Iberia were made during 10th century B.C. • The Phoenicians founded colony of Gadir near Tartessos. • Towns and cities started to emerge here in the east during this century. • Had great influence on Iberia by introducing Iron, The Potter’s Wheel, olive oil and wine.
Greeks and Tartessians • Greeks began their settlement in the Peninsula during the 6th Century by founding a colony at Ampurias,. • The Tartessian-Orientalizing culture of southern Iberia actually is the local culture. • Introductions to culture was the potter’s wheel, which improved their pottery, and improvements in craftsmanship affected jewelry, weaving and agriculture.
Sources • http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/?period=04®ion=eusi • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Iberia • http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&source=imghp&q=greeks&gbv=2&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=f&oq= • http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&gbv=2&tbs=isch%3A1&sa=1&q=tartessians&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=