The Iberian Peninsula! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Iberian Peninsula!

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  1. The Iberian Peninsula! By: Brenna Basham

  2. 3500-1200 B.C: The Bronze Age • The bronze age was important to early civilizations because it allowed us to create improved tools for productive use. • Bronze was preferred over stone because it is stronger and lasts longer. • People used bronze to create knives, jewelry pottery, an axe, or armor.

  3. The Bronze Age:

  4. 1200 BC: The Iron Age • The Iron Age is the prehistoric period where cutting tools and weapons were mainly made of iron or steel. • This caused changes in society, including agricultural practices, religious beliefs, and artistic styles.

  5. The Iron Age:

  6. 1100 B.C: Phoenicians • Southern Iberia was colonized during the Dark Age by the Phoenicians who were known as the great merchants of ancient times. • They became the most skillful shipbuilders and navigators because their territory was so small and they were forced to turn to the sea for a living. • The most significant contribution of the Phoenicians was a syllabic writing, developed in about 1000 BC at Byblos. This form of writing was spread by the Phoenicians in their travels and influenced the Aramaic and Greek alphabets 

  7. The Phoenicians:

  8. 218-220 B.C: • The Romans defeat Carthage in Second Punic War and occupy Iberian peninsula. • With the Roman Empire being in control, the Iberian Peninsula was divided into new territories that supplied the Romans with olive oil, wine, and metal.

  9. Roman Empire Conquers…

  10. 228 B.C: • Carthaginians occupy southern and eastern Iberia. • Hamilcar Barca, the Carthaginian general, is killed in a battle in Hispania ending his lengthy campaign to conquer the Iberian Peninsula. • His death in battle prevents him from completing the conquest of securing the Iberian Peninsula.

  11. 228 BC (cont.) : • Command of his army in the Iberian Peninsula passes to his son-in-law Hasdrubal. • Hasdrubal makes immediate policy changes related to the use of diplomatic rather than military methods. • He founds New Carthage as his capital city of the Iberian Peninsula.

  12. Carthaginians:

  13. Sources: • http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/estimeln.htm • http://history-world.org/phoenicians.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/228_BC