The Iberian Peninsula! By: Brenna Basham
3500-1200 B.C: The Bronze Age • The bronze age was important to early civilizations because it allowed us to create improved tools for productive use. • Bronze was preferred over stone because it is stronger and lasts longer. • People used bronze to create knives, jewelry pottery, an axe, or armor.
1200 BC: The Iron Age • The Iron Age is the prehistoric period where cutting tools and weapons were mainly made of iron or steel. • This caused changes in society, including agricultural practices, religious beliefs, and artistic styles.
1100 B.C: Phoenicians • Southern Iberia was colonized during the Dark Age by the Phoenicians who were known as the great merchants of ancient times. • They became the most skillful shipbuilders and navigators because their territory was so small and they were forced to turn to the sea for a living. • The most significant contribution of the Phoenicians was a syllabic writing, developed in about 1000 BC at Byblos. This form of writing was spread by the Phoenicians in their travels and influenced the Aramaic and Greek alphabets
218-220 B.C: • The Romans defeat Carthage in Second Punic War and occupy Iberian peninsula. • With the Roman Empire being in control, the Iberian Peninsula was divided into new territories that supplied the Romans with olive oil, wine, and metal.
228 B.C: • Carthaginians occupy southern and eastern Iberia. • Hamilcar Barca, the Carthaginian general, is killed in a battle in Hispania ending his lengthy campaign to conquer the Iberian Peninsula. • His death in battle prevents him from completing the conquest of securing the Iberian Peninsula.
228 BC (cont.) : • Command of his army in the Iberian Peninsula passes to his son-in-law Hasdrubal. • Hasdrubal makes immediate policy changes related to the use of diplomatic rather than military methods. • He founds New Carthage as his capital city of the Iberian Peninsula.
Sources: • http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/estimeln.htm • http://history-world.org/phoenicians.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/228_BC