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Objective : Rocks and Minerals

Objective : Rocks and Minerals

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Objective : Rocks and Minerals

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  1. Objective: Rocks and Minerals Essential Question(s): What is the difference between rocks and minerals? What are the 3 different types of rocks?

  2. K-W-LWhat do you KNOW about rocks and minerals? K W L

  3. ROCKS

  4. What is a Rock? • Solid • Naturally-occurring • Mixture of minerals and other materials.

  5. What is the difference between a rock and a mineral? • Rocks are mixtures of ONE or MORE minerals.

  6. What is the difference between a rock and a mineral?

  7. What is a Rock? • Rocks are divided into 3 groups based on how they were formed: • SEDIMENTARY • IGNEOUS • METAMORPHIC

  8. Sedimentary Rocks • Formed from sediments that are pressed or cemented together. • Forms layers

  9. Sedimentary Rock

  10. SEDIMENTARY • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting

  11. Once a rock is formed, does it stay the same rock forever? • NO!

  12. Rocks are continually changed by many processes, such as weathering, erosion, compaction, cementation, melting, and cooling • Rocks can change to and from the three types

  13. What is a Rock? • Rocks are divided into 3 groups based on how they were formed: • SEDIMENTARY • IGNEOUS • METAMORPHIC

  14. Igneous Rocks • “Ignis” = Latin for “fire” • Formed from the cooling of either magma or lava • The most abundant type of rock

  15. IGNEOUS SEDIMENTARY • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting • Melting • Cooling • Hardening • Melting • Cooling • Hardening • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting

  16. What is a Rock? • Rocks are divided into 3 groups based on how they were formed: • SEDIMENTARY • IGNEOUS • METAMORPHIC

  17. Metamorphic Rocks • Rocks that have changed due to intense heat and pressure • “Meta” means “change” and morphosis means “form” in Greek • All three types of rocks can change to metamorphic

  18. IGNEOUS SEDIMENTARY METAMORPHIC • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting Heat and Pressure • Melting • Cooling • Hardening • Melting • Cooling • Hardening Heat and Pressure • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting

  19. What is the process through which rocks change? • The Rock Cycle—earth materials change back and forth among the different types of rocks in a never-ending cycle.

  20. IGNEOUS SEDIMENTARY METAMORPHIC • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting Heat and Pressure • Melting • Cooling • Hardening • Melting • Cooling • Hardening Heat and Pressure • Weathering • Erosion • Compacting

  21. There is no set path a rock takes to become another kind of rock

  22. How are rocks redistributed? • The core, mantle, & crust are one giant rock recycling machine

  23. Rocks Have Been Used For Many Years and For Many Things