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A Century of Expansion. The Realization of America’s Destiny: 1763-1867. Before Independence. Britain wins the French & Indian War Royal government needs to pay off war debts – will lead to Stamp Act etc;
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A Century of Expansion The Realization of America’s Destiny: 1763-1867
Before Independence • Britain wins the French & Indian War • Royal government needs to pay off war debts – will lead to Stamp Act etc; • Colonial expansion restricted by the Proclamation Line of 1763
Gains of the Revolutionary War • Treaty of Paris - 1783 • Living space from Appalachians west to the Mississippi River • Eases population pressure on the Atlantic seaboard
The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon and France did not hold onto it for long!
The Louisiana Purchase • In 1803 President Jefferson just wanted New Orleans. • Sec. of State Madison got all 900,000 acres for $15 million.
The Louisiana Purchase Was the purchase legal? Jefferson’s argument What did we just buy? The need to find out, leads to Lewis & Clark Expedition
Lewis & Clark, and Zebulon Pike • Lewis & Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean • Zebulon Pike explores the Rocky Mountains in southern Louisiana territory • Which nations might be concerned by U.S. encroachment?
Unfinished Business in Florida • Spain - weakened and distracted by revolution • Seminole Indians rise up against settlers • General Andrew Jackson invades, then stays • Transcontinental Treaty (Adams-Onis) 1819
Missouri Compromise - 1820 • Need arises because of the slavery issue
Missouri Compromise - 1820 Missouri added as a slave state Maine added as a free state Will new latitude boundary be enforced? Issue of slavery temporarily solved
Don’t Mess with Texas:Independence & the Mexican-American War • Mexico gains freedom from Spain - 1821 • Stephen F. Austin founds the colony of Texas – 1822 • Texas War for Independence 1835-6 • Santa Anna, Travis & The Alamo
Don’t Mess with Texas:Independence & the Mexican-American War -Annexation of Texas: 1845 -President James K. Polk defends U.S. actions & interests -Mexican-American War: 1846-8 -The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Gadsden Purchase: 1853 • 30,000 sq. miles for $10 million • Done primarily for mining & railroad interests
Oregon Country: Claiming the Northwest Territories • American interest grows after Lewis & Clark expedition • 2,000 mile journey on the Oregon Trail to get there
Oregon Country: Claiming the Northwest Territories • American settlers want land as far north as possible • 54-40’ or Fight argument led by James Polk • Agreement with Britain reached at 49th Parallel
Alaska: 1867 Seward’s Folly? I don’t think so!
The Dream of 1763 Realized by 1867 But how would the closing of the frontier affect America?