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Building Pyramids PowerPoint Presentation
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Building Pyramids

Building Pyramids

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Building Pyramids

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  1. Building Pyramids In Ancient Egypt

  2. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site.

  3. Sand Solid Bedrock

  4. Solid Bedrock

  5. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. 2. Level the site.

  6. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. • Level the site. 3. Carve out the burial chamber

  7. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. • Level the site. • Carve out burial chamber. 4. First course of stones dragged and levered into place.

  8. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. • Level the site. • Carve out burial chamber. • First course of stones dragged and levered into place. 5. Ramps built to drag stones up to the next levels.

  9. 4. Summarize the three theories of the types of ramps used to raise pyramid stones. 1. One long ramp that is extended as it gets higher.

  10. 4. Summarize the three theories of the types of ramps used to raise pyramid stones. b. Four ramps are built, one at each corner. The ramps spiral around the pyramid to the top.

  11. 4. Summarize the three theories of the types of ramps used to raise pyramid stones. c. One long ramp goes about halfway up and then spirals around the pyramid.

  12. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. • Level the site. • Carve out burial chamber. • First course of stones dragged and levered into place. • Ramps built to drag up the next levels. 6. Pyramid topped with a capstone.

  13. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. • Level the site. • Carve out burial chamber. • First course of stones dragged and levered into place. • Ramps built to drag up the next levels. • Pyramid topped with a capstone. 7. Corners chiseled off each level as ramps are taken down from the top. 8. Blocks were polished as they moved down.

  14. Life in the Hereafter

  15. Steps in Building a Pyramid • Clear the site. • Level the site. • Carve out burial chamber. • First course of stones dragged and levered into place. • Ramps built to drag up the next levels. • Pyramid topped with a capstone. • Corners chiseled off each level as ramps are taken down from the top. • Blocks were polished as they moved down. 9. Pyramid is complete.

  16. “Manpower” segment from “Pyramid” App. 5 minutes

  17. 5. What were the two types of temples built at the pyramid complex and for what were they used? a.___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Mortuary temple-mummification of the king took place here. Sometimes called a valley temple

  18. 5. What were the two types of temples built at the pyramid complex and for what were they used? b.______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Offering temple- certain burial ceremonies took place here and offerings could be left by loved ones. Sometimes called a funerary temple

  19. 6. What does the word necropolis mean? “City of the dead”

  20. 7. Describe the buildings in the necropolis. Mastabas were built for burials of members of the royal family, high government officials, and people of the king's court.