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Major depressive disorder and Bipolar disorder

Major depressive disorder and Bipolar disorder. B9902087 歐又齊 B9902097 謝易穎. Major depressive disorder Symptoms and Signs. Insomnia (influence 80%). Hypersomnia (influence 15%). Fatigue. Headaches. Cause. Pressure from work. Social factors. serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene.

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Major depressive disorder and Bipolar disorder

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  1. Major depressive disorder and Bipolar disorder B9902087 歐又齊 B9902097 謝易穎

  2. Major depressive disorderSymptoms and Signs Insomnia (influence 80%) Hypersomnia (influence 15%) Fatigue Headaches

  3. Cause Pressure from work Social factors serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene serotonin transporter

  4. neurotransmitters serotonin norepinephrine dopamine

  5. Diagnosis Clinical assessment DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 criteria Subtypes (1) Melancholic Depression (2) Atypical Depression (3) Catatonic Depression (4) Postpartum Depression (5) Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

  6. Prevention Work Together instead of working on one’s own Join some activities that you love Say no to the negative thoughts Positive thinking

  7. Cure To control the amount of neurotransmitters -TCAs, tricyclic antidepressants -MAOIs, monoamine oxidase inhibitor -SSRIs, selective reuptake inhibitors -norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors -noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant

  8. Bipolar disorder 跡象與症狀 • Bipolardisorder的過程 • Manicphase:highself-esteem , increased energy , over talkativeness • Depressive phase:comeswithloweredabilitytofeelpleasure, loss of motivation , sleep disturbances , and feeling of worthless Mania concentration problem violent delusions Hypomanic

  9. Cause Genetic: genes related to serotonin (SLC6A4 and TPH2), dopamine (DRD4 and SLC6A3) Physiological : Abnormalities in the structure and/or function of certain brain circuits could underlie bipolar. A general reduction of brain volume and anatomically specific differences in areas such as the prefrontal cortex and the globus pallidus are most commonly found Environmental

  10. Bipolar disorder藥物治療 • Lithium(鋰鹽) • Divalproex Sodium(Depakote) • Carbamazepine • Seroquel • Zyprexa

  11. Diagnosis Criteria and subtypes Bipolar I disorder 、Bipolar II disorder Cyclothymia 、Bipolar Disorder NOS Rapid cycling:is a course specifier that may be applied to any of the above subtypes. Differential diagnosis:Manymental disorders involve similar symptoms to bipolar disorder. Challenges:Noteasytobe understoodandrecognized

  12. Prognosis Functioning Recovery and recurrence Mortality 1/3people with bipolar disorder report past attempts of suicide or complete it,and the annual average suicide rate is 0.4%, which is 10 to 20 times that of the general population

  13. 參考資料 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_depressive_disorder http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorder http://www.dls.ym.edu.tw/neuroscience/bipolar_c.html http://www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-md01.html

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