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Review of spanish 1

Review of spanish 1. Señora iraheta. Subject pronouns. Yo - I Tú – You (not formal) Él/ella/usted – He, she, you (formal) Nosotros - We Vosotros – You all (Spain only) Ellos/ellas/ustedes – They, you all. Conjugating Verbs. -ar verbs : -er verbs : -ir verbs : o o o

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Review of spanish 1

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  1. Review of spanish 1 Señora iraheta

  2. Subject pronouns • Yo - I • Tú – You (not formal) • Él/ella/usted – He, she, you (formal) • Nosotros - We • Vosotros – You all (Spain only) • Ellos/ellas/ustedes – They, you all

  3. Conjugating Verbs • -ar verbs: -er verbs: -ir verbs: • o o o • as es es • a e e • amos emos imos • áis éis ís • an en en

  4. Verb stems • Every verb has a stem followed by an ending. • The stem tells the verb’s meaning. • An infinitive ending doesn’t name a subject. -ar habl verb stems infinitive endings com -er escrib -ir

  5. Conjugating the verb • To give the verb a subject, you conjugate it. • To conjugate a regular -ar verb in the present tense, drop the -ar ending of the infinitive and add these endings. • Each ending goes with a particular subject. cantar cantamos yo canto nosotros(as) tú cantas vosotros(as) cantáis Ud., él, ella canta Uds., ellos, ellas cantan

  6. Examples of conjugating verbs • Nadar: to swim • Yo nado • Tú nadas • Él/ella/usted nada • Nosotros nadamos • Vosotros nadáis • Ellos/ellas/ustedes nadan

  7. Examples of conjugating verbs • Comer: to eat • Yo como • Tú comes • Él/ella/usted come • Nosotros comemos • Vosotros coméis • Ellos/ellas/ustedes comen

  8. Examples of conjugating verbs • Escribir: to write • Yo escribo • Tú escribes • Él/ella/usted escribe • Nosotros escribimos • Vosotros escribís • Ellos/ellas/ustedes escriben

  9. Irregular verbs • Irregular Yo forms: • Salir – (Yo salgo) to go out, to leave • Traer – (Yo traigo) to bring, • Venir – (Yo vengo) to come VENIR +A+ TIME (to say at what time something happens) • Tener – (Yo tengo) to have • Poner – (Yo pongo) to put

  10. Conjugation of tener • Use the verb tener to tell what someone has. • To conjugate the yo form, drop the -er ending and add -go. • To conjugate all the other forms except for nosotros(as) and vosotros(as), change the -e to -ie. nosotros(as) tenemos yo tengo tú tienes vosotros(as) tenéis Ud., él, ella tiene Uds., ellos, ellas tienen

  11. Tener expressions • *Tener must be conjugated for the subject* • Tener que + infinitive (To have to…) • Tener sed (To be thirsty) • Tener hambre (To be hungry) • Tener ganas de + infinitive (To feel like…) • Tener calor (To be hot) • Tener frio (To be cold) • Tener prisa (To be in a hurry)

  12. Irregular verbs • Ser – (Yo soy, tú eres, él/ella/usted es, nosotros somos, ellos/ellas/ustedes son) • Ir – (Yo voy, tú vas, él/ella/usted va, nosotros vamos, ellos/ellas/ustedes van) • Stem-changing verbs: • *Jugar – (Yo juego, tú juegas, él/ella/usted juega, nosotros jugamos, ellos/ellas/ustedes juegan) • *Querer – (Yo quiero, tú quieres, él/ella/usted quiere, nosotros queremos, ellos/ellas/ustedes quieren)

  13. Reminders • -Likes and Dislikes • Me,Te,Le,Nos,Les gusta(n)…. • -Gender of adjectives (o/a)

  14. Need some extra help? • If you find yourself lost already then please come and see me. There are several things you can do to help get prepared for this year. DO NOT wait until the last minute. • Opportunity Hall will be starting up soon. I will get you the time and place as soon as I receive the information.

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