“Once you learn to read, you will be forever free.” - Frederick Douglass
Text features help the reader navigate and comprehend the text.Text features help authors organize the text to best convey information to their readers.
Text features provide information that might not be written in the text.Text features can be found in all types of nonfiction text.
Print features guide readers through patterns of organization and help readers find important information.
Visual aids expand the meaning of the text through illustrations and graphic aids, and represent information in an organized, specific manner.
table of contentsa list of the parts of a book or document; placed at the front of the book, it's organized in the order in which the parts appear
indexalphabetical list of topics included in the book and their corresponding page numbers; found in the very back
prefacea statement at the front of the book by the book's author or editor, explaining its purpose and expressing appreciation for help received from others
Pronunciation guideusing the pronunciation symbols found in a dictionary, this guide helps students say the words in the text
appendixsupplementary material at the end of a book, article, document, or other text, usually of an explanatory, statistical, or bibliographic nature.
boldface typedark letters indicating important information; reader must slow down and pay attention to these
Colored printwords printed in a different color highlight new or important words
italicized typeslanted letters indicating important information; reader must slow down and pay attention to these
bulletssymbols used to introduce and emphasize key points or important concepts
titlesshow the main idea of the text and help the readers by letting them know what they are about to read
headingannounces the topics that will be covered, helping students identify topics throughout the book as they skim and scan
subheadinga heading given to a smaller subsection within a larger piece of writing