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Lactation Ammenorrhoea Method (LAM) PowerPoint Presentation
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Lactation Ammenorrhoea Method (LAM)

Lactation Ammenorrhoea Method (LAM)

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Lactation Ammenorrhoea Method (LAM)

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  1. Lactation Ammenorrhoea Method (LAM)

  2. Definition • The term Lactation Amenorrhoea Method (LAM) refers to the traditional method of breast-feeding as a family planning method

  3. Mechanism of action • Inhibits ovulation • Effectiveness of LAM depends on the following factors: • The baby is less than 6 months old • The baby is breastfeeding exclusively • The woman has not resumed her menses • When any of these 3 criteria is no longer met, another FP method must be introduced in a timely manner to ensure healthy birth spacing.

  4. Advantages • Effective protection against pregnancy as long as all three LAM criteria are met • Does not interfere with sexual activity • No known health risks • Return to fertility is immediate • Affordable- no direct costs for family planning

  5. Limitations • LAM provides temporary protection from pregnancy ( as soon as any of 3 requirements are not met, protection decreases) • No protection against STIs • Effectiveness after 6 months is uncertain • Exclusive breastfeeding may not be convenient for some women • Small chance of MTCT during breastfeeding if mother is HIV-positive,

  6. Who can use Women who: • Are fully or nearly fully breastfeeding • Have not had return of menses • Are less than 6 months postpartum1