People to know: • Carl Sauer • Thomas Malthus • Rostow • Wallerstein • Von Thunen • Weber • Christaller • Burgess • Hoyt • Harris Ullman
People to know: • Carl Sauer: cultural landscape • Thomas Malthus: population growth faster than food supply would mean disaster • Rostow: stage of economic development • Wallerstein: core-periphery model • Von Thunen: location theory for agriculture • Weber: location theory for industry/manufacturing • Christaller : central place theory • Burgess: Concentric urban model • Hoyt: Sector: urban model • Harris Ullman : multiple nuclei urban model
Rostow: stage of economic development US economist Walter Rostow, argued that countries would progress through five stages
Progressive stages of economic growth. Rostow Model
Strength of the Modernization model: Over the long term, all countries are capable of development. It has proved to works for some countries: Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan (Asian Dragons) the American South, Czech Republic, Ireland
Wallerstein: core-periphery model Immanuel Wallerstein, a leading advocate of the approach characterizes the world system as a set of mechanisms which redistributes resources from the periphery to the core.
Dependency School of Thought/Model (1970s).Sees low development levels as being a result of the LDCs economic dependency on the MDCs.
Von Thunen’s Agricultural ModelA land use model used to explain the importance of proximity to the market in the choice of crops on commercial farms(this created a concentric pattern: circles sharing the same centers)
Because farmers must pay to transport their produce to the market, and these costs are directly proportional to distance, the profit for each product declines as a straight line with increasing distance from the market
Weber’s least cost theoryaccounted for the location of a manufacturing plant in terms of the owner’s desire to minimize three categories of costs. 1. Transportation 2. Labor 3. Agglomeration
Weber used locational triangles to illustrate the impact of transport costs on industrial location.
B. Transporting raw materials costs less than finished product (maybe finished product delicate/more packaging)
C. Transporting raw materials costs more than finished product (loss in bulk)
Wallerstein: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall core periphery
Hoyt: Hot Sector Model=Sexy model