ZhejiangTechonology Institute of Economy The Brake System Unit 6
Section I Listening and speaking Section II Reading Section III Grammar Section IV Comprehensive practice Vocabulary Auto After-Sales Service
Section I Listen and Speaking Task 1: Picture recognition Task 2: Read and match Task 3: Speak out Task 4: Listen and practice Task 5: Act out
Picture recognition. In this part, you will hear six statements, please judge which picture is mentioned in each statement. B A C B A E F D D E F B E F A D C
Read and match. Read the components of an Anti-lock Brake System and make a match. 4 • 1.ABS sensor ( ) a.液压单元 • 2. stoplight switch ( ) b.ABS警告灯 • 3.center differential lock switch ( ) c.液压制动助力器 • 4. hydraulic unit ( ) d.数据通讯连接器 • 5. hydraulic brake booster（HBB）( ) e. ABS传感器 • 6. HBB buzzer ( ) f. 制动警告灯 • 7. valve relay ( ) g.中央差速锁开关 • 8. ABS warning light( ) h.电磁阀继电器 • 9. brake warning light( ) i.液压制动助力器的蜂鸣器 • 10. data link connector ( ) j.停车灯开关 8 5 10 1 9 3 7 6 2
Speak out. Look at the structure of an auto in Task1 and Task2, ask your partner the following questions, and organize the sentences. • 1. Try to figure out the components composing of an • automobile brake system. • 2. Do you know how to have a proper use of the brakes? • Please give some suggestions.
Listen and practice. Listen to the dialogues, fill in the missing information, and practice them with your partner. Dialogue 1 Mary: I often see the words “ABS” on the car, but I don’t know what that means? Paul: It’s the _______________ of Anti-lock Brake System. Mary: What are the main __________ of it? Paul: ABS sensor, center differential lock switch, hydraulic unit… Just __________ some of them. Mary: It seems very __________. Paul: Indeed. Mary: And what is the __________ of it? Paul: It is designed to maintain driver __________ and stability of the car during emergency braking. Mary: So it is a very important and practical part in the brake system. abbreviation components name complicated function control
Listen and practice. Listen to the dialogues, fill in the missing information, and practice them with your partner. Dialogue 2 Paul: The brakes are probably the most important part of your car. But sometimes there will be problems __________. Mary: So what kind of problems will _______________ the brakes? Paul: For example, brake pedal goes ______________ down to stop, brake pedal is _______________, brake pedal goes to floor, or brakes become weak or __________. Mary: Are they serious problems? Paul: Not serious, but if you don’t handle them __________, they will be quite dangerous in emergency. Mary: I see. As long as there is something wrong with the brake, we should have it __________ carefully. arising occur to too far too firm spongy timely inspected
Take Task 4 as example, practice dialogues according to the situations provided with your partner. Situation 1: Tom knows little about the parts of the brake system and anti-lock brake system, and Mike try to explain them to him. Situation 2: Mary finds her car brake squeak sometimes, so she consults Mike about the problem. Mike says there are several possibilities which will cause brakes to squeak, such as brake dust, shaking brake pads, worn brake pads, and suggests Mary should have her brake checked.
Section II Reading Reading A Reading B
Reading A Task 1 Task 2
Reading A Task 1 Listen to the passage and fill in the missing information. Anti-lock Brake Systems (ABS) The antilock brake system (ABS) helps prevent a vehicle’s wheels from __________ during “panic” braking, which allows the driver to maintain greater steering control as the vehicle is quickly slowed—a key factor in __________ a collision. However, ABS does not __________ you will avoid a crash. In fact, you still may lose control when driving at excessive speed or during __________ steering maneuvers. All passenger cars __________ with ABS have four-wheel ABS. SUVs, trucks, and vans equipped with ABS may have either four-wheel or two-wheel ABS. Four-wheel ABS monitors and controls all the wheels of the vehicle, whereas two-wheel ABS only ___________________ the rear wheels. In vehicles with two-wheel ABS, the front wheels can still lock during hard or __________ braking and this lockup can result in the loss of steering control. locking avoiding guarantee extreme equipped monitors and controls panic 12
Reading A available • Some four-wheel ABS systems include Brake Assist, which is only __________ with ABS systems. During __________ braking, this feature provides more brake power to help the driver achieve full brake-pedal force. Under certain conditions, Brake Assist can __________ reduce overall stopping distance by activating the braking system more quickly. emergency potential
Reading A Task 2: Read the passage and choose the best answer to complete the statements. 1. ABS does not guarantee you will avoid a crash if you __________. A. the vehicle is quickly slowed B. drive at excessive speed C. have gentle steering maneuvers B 2.In vehicles with two-wheel ABS, the lockup of the front wheels can__________. A .monitors and controls the rear wheels B. lead to the loss of steering control. C. maintain greater steering control B
Reading A C 3. During emergency braking, __________ provides more brake power to help the driver achieve full brake-pedal force. A. panic braking B. two-wheel ABS C. Brake Assist A 4. What does the word “rear” mean in the passage? A. back B. middle C.front
Text Task 2 Task 1 Reading B Task 3
Reading B How Emergency Brakes Work Emergency brakes are a secondary braking system installed in motor vehicles. Also known as e-brakes, hand brakes and parking brakes, emergency brakes are not powered by hydraulics and are independent of the service brakes used to slow and stop vehicles. The e-brake is called an emergency brake for a reason -- using it can save your life.
Reading B Chrysler Service Contracts Emergency Brake Parts Motor vehicles use either drum brakes or disc brakes. Drum brakes are common in the rear wheels, while disc brakes are most common on the front wheels (or all four wheels). Electric e-brakes are available on some cars today. Advanced electric brake systems utilize computer-controlled motors to engage the brake caliper.
Reading B Chrysler Service Contracts When to Use the Emergency Brake The most common use of the emergency brake is as a parking brake. Those who drive manual transmission vehicles, or stick shifts, usually engage the emergency brake every time they exit the car. If not engaged, the car might just roll away all on its own. Automatic transmission drivers tend to use the emergency brake far less. The emergency brake can also be used as an aid to manual transmission drivers to prevent rollback when starting on a hill. Pulling the emergency brake while stopped, and then letting it out as you release the clutch can be tricky, so you might want to practice this maneuver before depending on it. Make sure there’s no one behind you if you’ve never done it before.
Reading B Chrysler Service Contracts Dangers of the Emergency Brake Even though the emergency brake cable is housed in a protective sleeve, with infrequent use, the cable can become corroded and rusted. This can result in cable failure just when you need it the most. Normal use keeps the cable in good condition, though you should have the emergency brakes routinely inspected, as they sometimes need to be tightened. If you’re ever in the highly unlikely but extremely serious situation of having your service brakes fail to function, try to stay calm and pull the emergency brake lever up slow and steady, bringing the vehicle to a longer but more controlled stop.
Important Words & Phrases • independent of adj. 独立于(不受...支配的) • Now that you are a college student, you should learn to be • independent of your parents' help. • 既然你已是个大学生了，就应当学着独立，不靠父母的帮助。 • Participation in social groups in the community is independent of religious affiliation. • 社会上的社交团体是不管哪个教派的人都可以参加的。
Important Words & Phrases • utilize v. 利用 • In a magazine you can utilize a picture of your product. • 在杂志里，你可以用你产品的照片。 • It is hoped that in her new job her talents will be better utilized than before. • 希望在新的工作岗位上，她的才干能够得到比以往更好的发挥。
Important Words & Phrases • roll away vt. 滚过去(慢慢移过去) • The coin fell and rolled away. • 硬币掉下滚走了。 • The seagulls fly off, the waves roll away and we depart. • 海鸥飞去，波涛滚滚地流开，我们也分别了。
Important Words & Phrases • have sth. done (让别人)把某事做成 • You'd better have yourtyres checked today, for it looks flat. • 你今天最好把轮胎检查一下，看起来扁扁的。 • I will attend a wedding ceremony this afternoon,so I have to • have my hair dressed. • 今天下午我要去参加一个婚礼，因此我不得不去做头发。
Important Words & Phrases • highly unlikely 不太可能的 • It was highly unlikely that she failed to pass the driving test. • 她没有通过驾驶考试是不太可能的事。 • Then we were facing the highly unlikely but most embarrassed situation that none of us had money in our pockets. • 那时，我们面临着一个不太可能发生但的确非常尴尬的状况，我们没有一个人带钱。
Task 1: Read and judge. Read the passage and judge whether the statement is true or false. • Emergency brakes are dependent of the service brakes used to slow and stop vehicles. • 2. Disc brakes are common in the rear wheels, while drum brakes are most common on the front wheels (or all four wheels). • 3. The emergency brake can be used as an aid to manual transmission drivers to prevent rollback when starting on a hill as well as a parking brake. • 4. If used frequently, the emergency brake cable can become corroded and rusted. • 5. If you’re in extremely serious situation, and your service brakes fail to function, pull the emergency brake lever up quick and steady. F F T F F
Task 2: Read, complete and retell. Read the passage again and fill in the blanks with the information in the passage, and then try to retell the passage. emergency brake The e-brake is called an ____________________ for a reason -- using it can _______________. Motor vehicles use either drum brakes or disc brakes. The most common use of the emergency brake is as a _______________. The emergency brake can also be used as an aid to ____________________ drivers to prevent rollback when starting on a hill. Normal use prevents buildup and keeps the cable _______________, though you should have the emergency brakes __________________, as they sometimes need to be __________. If you’re ever in the highly unlikely but extremely serious situation of having your service brakes _______________, try to stay calm and pull the emergency brake lever up _______________, bringing the vehicle to a longer but more controlled stop. save your life parking brake manual transmission in good condition routinely inspected tightened fail to function slow and steady
Task 3: Revise and Translate. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. • Also known as e-brakes, hand brakes and parking brakes, emergency brakes are not powered by hydraulics and are independent of the service brakes used to slow and stop vehicles. • 2. Electric e-brakes are available on some cars today. Advanced electric brake systems utilize computer-controlled motors to engage the brake caliper.. 紧急刹车，又被称为手刹、停车制动，不是液压提供动力的，并且独立于用语减缓和停止汽车的脚踏刹车。 现在电子紧急刹车已经在一些汽车上使用。先进的电子刹车系统利用电脑控制的发动机来牵制刹车线。
Task 3: Revise and Translate. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. • 3.Those who drive manual transmission vehicles, or stick shifts, usually engage • the emergency brake every time they exit the car. • 4. Pulling the emergency brake while stopped, and then letting it out as you release • the clutch can be tricky, so you might want to practice this maneuver before • depending on it. • 5. Even though the emergency brake cable is housed in a protective sleeve, with • infrequent use, the cable can become corroded and rusted. 那些开手动传动或是手动变速器汽车的司机，每次在离开车的时候通常会拉上紧急刹车。 当车停止的时候拉起手刹，然后在松开离合器的同时慢慢放下手刹，这是非常需要技巧的过程，因此在你能靠此上坡起步前你需要多多练习这个操作步骤。 即使紧急制动拉索被放置在保护套里，如果不经常使用的话，拉索会腐蚀生锈。
Grammar Grammar Task 1 Task 2
Task 1: Correct the errors in the following sentences. • How wonderfully the football he played! • 2. How a good time we had last night! • 3. What silly he is to ask such a question! • 4. What a nonsense! • 5. What strange and impressive was life！ he played football What How 去掉 How
Task 2: Translate the following into English. 1. 这辆红色的F1赛车开得真快啊！ 2. 中国汽车工业的发展是多么的令人鼓舞啊！ 3. 这家4S店提供的服务是多么周到细致啊！ 4. 这真是一次特别的车展啊！ 5. 你难道不觉得拥有一辆爱车是多么幸福的一件事吗？ How fast the red F1 racer is driving! How encouraging the Chinese Auto Industry develops! What thoughtful and considerate services the 4S dealer provides! What an extraordinary auto exhibition it is! Don't you think it a happy thing to own a car!
Section IV Comprehensive Practice (II) Presentation (I) Applied Writing
(I) Applied Writing Introduction to a Company • The introduction of a company is a source of information about the company to all the people which includes potential customers. The introduction of the company must focus on the following information: • history of the company. • relevant dates, • like date of establishment and incorporation • business or industry in which the company operates • the names of the directors, • employee strength, • area of core specialization, • equipments to be used… Sample 1
Sample 2 • Precursor of joint stock company “Institute of Aerial Geodesy” (AGI) was established for the Soviet land reform. During the fifty years of existence it became a main mapping centre in Lithuania. • The main target of the Enterprise was production of maps using aerial photographs in order to create maps for land cadastre and inventory of farming lands. The whole territory of 352 thousand sq.kilometers was covered by cadastre and land use maps at 1:10 000 scale (updated every 10 years). Maps at 1:25 000 scale and 1:50 000 scale were also prepared. • After the restitution of Lithuania’s Independence in 1990, Institute started to function as centre of topographic mapping and was renamed as State Institute of Aerial Photogeodesy. • In year 1996 Institute was reorganized into joint stock company “Institute of Aerial Geodesy” (AGI). Modernizing of production lines and applying new technologies, AGI became one of the most modern cartography companies in Baltic States with more than 160 employees. Production technologies used nowadays and produced cartographic products correspond worldwide level. • AGI prepared and implemented Quality Management System (QMS) in accordance with the requirements of ISO 9001:2000 standard in 2004. QMS was certified on the 20th of May in 2005.
Task: • Students are requested to write the introduction to a domestic automobile company, such as Geely, BYD, Chery. When writing, please consult the information form the website provided by those companies.
Task • Geely International Corporation • Founded in July 2002, Geely International Corporation, which has registered capital of RMB 20million and direct import & export license and is engaged in automobile export industry, is a large-scale subsidiary of Geely Holding Group and the exclusive authorized company for the export business of Geely Auto. • Company Overview • The company is located at PuTuo District, Shanghai and has employed 200 at present. It consists of General Manager Office, HR Dept., Finical Dept., Market Dept., Logistics Dept., Service Dept., Spare Parts Dept. and other Business Departments, and establishes representative offices in CIS, Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia and Middle and South America as five strategic target markets with exporting portfolio of 30,000 vehicles in 2007. • Development Strategy • The company has defined strategic target and clearly detailed medium-term & short-term plans. Adhering to the philosophy of “Let Geely Cars Go to the Whole World”, Geely International takes “Realization of the Great Dream of 2/3 Export” as superordinate goal. At present, the representative offices in Russia, Ukraine, South Africa as the leaders have developed rapidly, their professional marketing teams have penetrated into the markets, and the operational modes have tended to be perfect, Geely Car has won great reputation in the overseas market and built up good brand image.
Task • Operational Management • Depending on Group's information-based platform, at present, Geely has had a comprehensive information system, and the systems under application are, ERP and DMS, etc. Meanwhile, the company will increase investment to improve existing software system and further develop other informatization systems in order to make efforts to realize world-class informatization and specialization management. • For establishing knowledge-based enterprise and management team with innovation and creativity, the leaders at mid and high level of the company will combine world-class management concept with actual conditions of the company to apply it in innovative way. With strategic transformation of the company, Geely operational management intends to realize standardization, processization and high efficiency step by step, and creative concept runs through each management link.
(II) Presentation • Task1:Search the library, the internet, or your personal experience, please list the rules which will guide people use the auto brake properly. • Task 2: Tell a story about the auto brakes. The story can be from your experience, from your classmates, or one you just once heard about. Students can choose one of the two tasks, work in groups, and prepare for an in-class presentation.
Vocabulary activate v. 刺激,使...活动, install v. 安装,安置,使...就职 hydraulics n. 液压，水力学 utilize v. 利用 rollbackn. 反转,卷回,推回去 release v. 释放,让与,准予发表, clutch n. 离合器 tricky adj. 技巧的，狡猾的 infrequent adj. 稀少的,珍贵的, component n. 元件,组件,成份 complicated adj. 复杂的,难懂的 stability n. 稳定性 squeak v. 吱吱叫,咬 collision n. 碰撞,冲突 excessive adj. 过多的,过分的 maneuverv. 调遣,演习,用计策 monitor v. 监视,监听,监督 whereas conj.&adv. 然而,却,反之
Vocabulary certifyv. 证明,保证 lose control控制不住 result in 导致 roll away 滚过去(慢慢移过去) tend to do易于做某事,l let… out 放出(泄露,出去) in accordance with按照 brake caliper 线煞车 brake pedal 制动踏板 master cylinder 制动主缸 disc brake 盘式制动器 drum brake 鼓式制动器 corrode v. 使腐蚀,侵蚀,破害 rust vt. 生锈,使...生锈 routinely adv. 通常 tighten v. 勒紧,坚固 steady adj. 稳定的,稳固的 incorporate v. 合并,组成公司, facility n. 设施,设备 analytical adj. 分析的,解析的 expertise n. 专家的意见,专门技术 cadastre n. 地籍图 inventory n. 详细目录,存货清单 topographicadj. 地志的,
Vocabulary brake tubing制动管路 proportioning valve比例阀 parking brake驻车制动 Anti-lock Brake System 防抱死制动系统 manual transmission 手动操纵传动 stick shift 手动式变速器 Automatic transmission 自动操纵传动 emergency brake cable 制动器拉索 protective sleeve 保护套 brake lever 刹车手柄