Role of OCW in Open Education Era HaruoTakemura Cybermedia Center, Osaka University President, Japan OpenCourseWareConsotium Board Member, OpenCourseWareConsotium
Outline • What is OCW • Current status of JOCW • Current status of OCWC • OCW in relation to OER • OCW and Globalization in Education
OUTLINE 2 • OCW ⊂ OER • OPEN ≠ FREE • OPEN≠Reusable
advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. What is OpenCourseWare? An OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a free and open digital publication of high quality college and university‐level educational materials. These materials are organized as courses, and often include course planning materials and evaluation tools as well as thematic content. OpenCourseWare are free and openly licensed, accessible to anyone, anytime via the internet. OCW ≒ Free Textbook + α ？
What is OpenCourseWare ? • Collection of course materials used for university courses published by individual universities. • Text book, PPT slides, Hand out, video etc. • Not always designed for on-line learning. • Not all courses of participating universities are published.
Japan OpenCourseWare consortium • Started on May 13, 2005 as Japan OpenCourseWare Alliance. • In year 2006, JOCW officially established.
Members of JOCW 会員数 43 organizations（23 univs.、4 NPOs、16 companies）
Visitors to all JOCW sites OCWC Global 2011
Courses from JOCW • Most of them are in Japanese (2,500 out of 3,000) • Because most of courses taught in Japanese Universities are in Japanese. • Is this good or bad? • Global point of view • Little impact on learners who do not understand Japanese • Local point of view • Good for Japanese learners • In Japan, Life long learning or recurrent education are not popular yet. • Nice show case of university education.
advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. OpenCourseWareConsortium The OCW Consortium is a worldwide community of hundreds of universities and associated organizations committed to advancing OpenCourseWare and its impact on global education. We serve as a resource for starting and sustaining OCW projects, as a coordinating body for the movement on a global scale, and as a forum for exchange of ideas and future planning.
1% 21% 22% 32% 7% 2% 1% 13% 1% Over 250 institutions and organizations worldwide supporting open sharing in education
OCW part of the Open Movement • OCW is only one type of Open Educational Resource (OER). • OERs are only one type of Open Content. • We have much to share with each other. Open Content Open Educational Resources OCW
What is Value of OCW • For Universities • A show case of their education • Contribution to the society • For Students • Resource for deciding which classes to take. • Self-learning materials. • For Faculty • Resource for Faculty Development • For Prospective Students • Recourse for deicing which university to study. • For Alumni • For General public
Discussions • OCW v.s. OER • Is OCW Ready for Open Education ? • QA issue of OCW • Emerging O.E. markets • Cost effectiveness of OER and OCW • Will OCW/OER speed up advancement in Higher Education? • The role of IT in OCW/OER • MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course) v.s. Universities
Discussions • OCW v.s. OER • OCW is designed based on University courses. • OER has no such a restrictions. • OCW is usually maintained by a single contributor • OER may have different strategies
Discussions • Is OCW Ready for Open Education ? • OCW based on a face to face lecture contents lacks in teaching. • OCW based on a face to face lecture video lacks in feedbackor bi-directional communication between a instructor and students. • OCW is not modular based contents. • Meta Data is missing
Discussions • QA issue of OCW • Publishing courses under the name of a University self-regulate their quality. • There is no formal review process in many cases • Connexions or MERLOT may have better strategies ?
Discussions • Emerging O.E. markets • Open Education in many cases are not Free Education. • Who is going to pay costs for Open Education? • Government ? • Students ? • Course providers ?
Discussions • Cost effectiveness of OER and OCW • ICT serves to reduce the cost for delivering courses • Cost for copying • Cost for delivering • Cost for producing • How about cost for teaching, testing and communicating?
Discussions • Will OCW/OER speed up advancement in Higher Education? • Have Open Source Software speeded up advancement in Software Development ? -- Yes or Maybe • This may not true for OCW/OER, because • Revising curse contents is much more complicated than programming. • Programming has less cultural issues than education. • Programming is much more self-descriptive than course contents.
Discussions • The role of IT in OCW/OER • Course publication • LMS, CMS integration. • Use of cloud base services
Discussions • MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course) v.s. Universities • Are MOOCs Open Education? • Yes, they are open to public but not always free. • Why many top level universities are interested in MOOCs • Large test bed for pedagogical study. • Good way to find out potential students.
Conclusion • OCW contentsneeds to be redesigned so that the contents can be reused in various forms. • Use of IT from the design of a course may improve the situation. Module based course design can be achieved with help of good authoring software. • Lecture capture with automated caption and translation may help a lot to reduce production costs of OCW. • Pedagogical approach is essential for success. • Technology oriented strategy may stall at some point.
Trent Strohm rexboggs5 wYnand! Bali, Indonesia 8 -10 May 2013 Global Conference 2013
Thank your for your attention. • Any Questions? • http://www.slideshare.net/haruotakemura