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Grammar PowerPoint Presentation

Grammar

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Grammar

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  1. Grammar

  2. Appositives

  3. My joyful sister, Barbara, is singing. • Who is the writer’s joyful sister? • Barbara • This is an appositive and is placed next to a noun to identify and provide information about it.

  4. Barbara, my joyful sister, is singing. • An appositive phrase is a group of words that includes an appositive and other words that modify it.

  5. Heidi, an animal lover, owns three turtles. • What is the appositive phrase? • an animal lover • Read the sentence without the appositive. • Heidi owns three turtles. • The sentence still retains its meaning, making the appositive nonessential. If it is set off by commas, then it is nonessential.

  6. My father, Walter, opened the door. • What is the appositive noun? • Walter

  7. Verb Tense

  8. Lisa jumps. • Tense tells when something happened. • Jumps is present-tense and shows something that is happening.

  9. Lisa jumped. • Jumped is past-tense and shows something that has already happened.

  10. Lisa will jump. • Will jump is the future-tense and shows action that will happen.

  11. Lisa has jumped. • Has jumped is the present-perfect tense and shows an action completed in the present or one that began in the past and continues in the present.

  12. Lisa had jumped. • Has jumped is the past-perfect tense and shows an action that began and ended in the past.

  13. Lisa will have jumped. • Will have jumped is the future-perfect tense and shows an action that begins and ends in the future, usually before another event begins.

  14. Sentence Tense

  15. He waved his hand above his head, and the chase began. • Identify the verbs. • waved, began • Name the tense of each verb. • past-tense

  16. He waves his hand above his head, and the chase begins. • Identify the verbs. • waves, begins • Name the tense of each verb. • present

  17. He will wave his hand above his head, and the chase will begin. • Identify the verbs. • will wave, will begin • Name the tense of each verb. • future

  18. He has waved his hand above his head, and the chase has begun. • Identify the verbs. • has waved, has begun • Name the tense of each verb. • present-perfect

  19. He had waved his hand above his head, and the chase had begun. • Identify the verbs. • had waved, had begun • Name the tense of each verb. • past-perfect

  20. He will have waved his hand above his head, and the chase will have begun. • Identify the verbs. • will have waved, will have begun • Name the tense of each verb. • future-perfect

  21. Present- No one hunted the buffalo today. • Correct the verbs to match the listed tense. • hunts

  22. Past- After the white people arrive the buffalo herds dwindle. • Correct the verbs to match the listed tense. • arrived, dwindled

  23. Future- One day the buffalo population had recovered. • Correct the verbs to match the listed tense. • will recover

  24. Present-Perfect- Today the government made buffalo hunting illegal. • Correct the verbs to match the listed tense. • has made

  25. Past-Perfect- Settlers hunt the buffalo almost to extinction. • Correct the verbs to match the listed tense. • had hunted

  26. Future-Perfect- As a result of our conservation efforts, by 2050 the buffalo population increased. • Correct the verbs to match the listed tense. • will have increased

  27. Workshop Assignment:Skills Practice 2 Pages 77-78