Author: Joanne Settel Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: How do animals adapt to survive?
Review Games • Story Sort VocabularyWords: • Arcade Games • Study Stack • Spelling City: Vocabulary • Spelling City: Spelling Words
Big Question: How do animals adapt to survive?MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday
Vocabulary Words More Words to Know Vocabulary Words • critical • enables • mucus • scarce • specialize • sterile • aborigines • nauseating • predator • African black mambas • constrictors • reptiles
Today we will learn about: • Build Concepts • Graphic Sources • Monitor and Fix Up • Build Background • Vocabulary • Fluency: Tempo and Rate • Grammar: Possessive Pronouns • Spelling: Homophones • Animal Adaptations
Fluency: Model Tempo and Rate • Listen as I read “Snake Scientist.” • As I read, notice how I keep my pace slow and steady and enunciate words that convey scientific information. • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
Fluency: Model Tempo and Rate • What is the author’s purpose for writing “Snake Scientist”? Explain your answer. • How are snakes like and unlike dinosaurs?
Concept Vocabulary • African black mambas– poisonous snakes from Africa that are related to cobras • constrictors– snakes that kill prey by crushing it in their coils • reptiles– cold-blooded animals with backbones and lungs, usually covered with horny plates or scales • (Next slide)
Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)
Build Concept Vocabulary African black mambas, constrictors, reptiles Animal Adaptations
Prior KnowledgeWhat do you know about ants, owls, and snakes? Animals
Prior Knowledge • This week’s audio explores familiar animal adaptations. After you listen, we will discuss what you found most surprising.
Vocabulary Words • critical – being important to the outcome of a situation • enables – gives ability, power, or means to; makes able • mucus – a slimy substance produced in the nose and throat to moisten and protect them
Vocabulary Words • scarce – hard to get; rare • specialize – to develop in a special way • sterile – free from germs
More Words to Know • aborigines – the earliest known inhabitants of Australia • nauseating – sickening; causing nausea • predator – animal or person that lives by killing and eating other animals • (Next Slide)
a skunk sprays a bad-smelling sent to keep enemys away • A skunk sprays a bad-smelling scent to keep enemies away. • that serves as there protection • That serves as their protection.
Possessive Pronouns • Animals often put their body parts to good use. • Theiris a possessive pronoun. It is used in the place of the possessive noun animals’ to show that the animals own, or possess, the body parts.
Possessive Pronouns • Possessive pronouns show who or what owns, or possesses, something. My, mine, you, yours, her, hers, his, its, our, ours, their, and theirs are possessive pronouns.
Possessive Pronouns • Use my, your, her, our, and their before nouns. • This is my cat. It was her dog. They fed their fish. • Use mine, yours, her, ours, and theirs alone. • The cat is mine. The dog was hers. The fish are theirs.
Possessive Pronouns • His and its can be used both before nouns and alone. • He found his dog. The dog is his. • The dog hurt its paw. The paw is its. • Do not use an apostrophe with a possessive pronoun.
Possessive PronounsChoose the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence. • Ants use (theirs, their) antennae for touch and smell. • their • That nest under the tree is (their, theirs). • theirs
Possessive PronounsChoose the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence. • An ant has two stomachs in (its, our) abdomen. • its • One stomach stores food for other ants to share, and another stomach holds (it’s, its) own food. • its
Possessive PronounsChoose the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence. • The queen is larger than the other ants, and (her, hers) body is an egg a factory. • her • All the worker ants are sterile, so the egg-laying task is all (her, hers). • hers
Possessive PronounsChoose the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence. • A male ant lives apart from the colony and plays (his, theirs) part by mating with the queen. • his • I sometimes get ants in (my, hers) house. • my
Possessive PronounsChoose the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence. • The house with purple trim is (my, mine) • mine
Today we will learn about: • Vocabulary Strategy Lesson: Context Clues • Graphic Organizers • Author’s Purpose • Vocabulary • Fluency: Echo Reading • Grammar: Possessive Pronouns • Spelling: Homophones • Time for Science: Biomes • Animal Adaptations
Fluency: Echo Reading • Turn to page 444, paragraphs 2 and 3. • As I read, notice how I adjust my rate for scientific words, such as repletes and regurgitates. • We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of this paragraph.
because clear scales cover the eyes of a snake. It’s eyes are always open • Because clear scales cover the eyes of a snake, its eyes are always open. • snakes raises there body temperature by laying in the sun • Snakes raise their body temperature by lying in the sun.
Possessive Pronouns • Possessive pronouns show who or what owns something. • My, your, her, our, and their are used before nouns. • Mine, yours, hers, ours, and theirs are used alone.
Possessive Pronouns • His and its can be used both before nouns and alone. • No possessive pronoun uses an apostrophe.