Essential Question • Are resources and power distributed equally amongst the various ethnic groups in South Africa?
A Brief History of South Africa • First black South Africans arrived about 2,000 years ago. • Boers, Dutch farmers, arrived in 1652. • British farmers arrived in 1820. • Asians arrived in the 1860s from India to work for British colonists.
A Multiracial Society • Black: African • White: Dutch and British • Colored: Mixed B & W • Asian: Indian
Apartheid (“Separateness”) • : former official policy of separating people according to race. • 1948-1991
Apartheid Social Hierarchy • Whites had all political & economic power. • Asians & coloreds were 2nd-class citizens. • Blacks were the lowest class. • forced to live in poor, rural areas. • couldn’t move freely through the country.
Protests Lead to Change • Nelson Mandela: Lawyer who led the fight to end apartheid. • Jailed for 27 years for his protest • Nearly 600 died in the struggle.
Apartheid ended in 1991. • Mandela was elected the country’s first black president. • Later won the Nobel Peace Prize Waiting to Vote in Soweto, South Africa, 1994
Assignment:South Africa Graph Analysis • ELT: Explain how the uneven distribution of resources can lead to conflict among cultural groups. • Are resources equitably distributed amongst ethnic groups in South Africa today? • Analyze various demographic graphs to find out?
Works Cited "A South African Township." Web. 25 Oct 2010. <http://boerboel1.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/a-south-african-township-pic-getty-744778275.jpg>. "Defiance Campaign March in Johannesburg." BBC News. Web. 26 Oct 2010. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/5168176.stm>. "For Use by White Persons." Apartheid South Africa. Web. 24 Oct 2010. <http://www.southafrica.to/history/Apartheid/apartheid.htm>. Hart, Diane. Geography Alive Regions and People. Palo Alto, CA: Teacher's Curriculum Institute, 2006. 335-345. Print. "Nelson Mandela." Biography of Nelson Mandela. Web. 26 Oct 2010. <http://nelsonmandelafacts.com/>. "South Africa Passbook." UV April 2000. Web. 25 Oct 2010. <http://www.lagai.org/UV%20April%202004.html>. "Waiting to Vote in Soweto, South Africa, 1994." VOTE!. Web. 26 Oct 2010. <http://www.niaonline.com/ggmsblog/?p=7606>.